How to format your references using the Journal of Surveying Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Surveying Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, P. 2003. “Playing with the pieces.” Nature, 426 (6967): 725.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maceyka, M., and S. Spiegel. 2014. “Sphingolipid metabolites in inflammatory disease.” Nature, 510 (7503): 58–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, L., M.-L. Yin, and S. F. Liu. 2014. “Ag(x)@WO₃ core-shell nanostructure for LSP enhanced chemical sensors.” Sci. Rep., 4: 6745.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huismans, Y., A. Rouzée, A. Gijsbertsen, J. H. Jungmann, A. S. Smolkowska, P. S. W. M. Logman, F. Lépine, C. Cauchy, S. Zamith, T. Marchenko, J. M. Bakker, G. Berden, B. Redlich, A. F. G. van der Meer, H. G. Muller, W. Vermin, K. J. Schafer, M. Spanner, M. Y. Ivanov, O. Smirnova, D. Bauer, S. V. Popruzhenko, and M. J. J. Vrakking. 2011. “Time-resolved holography with photoelectrons.” Science, 331 (6013): 61–64.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson, J. L. 1997. Probability and Statistics for Computer Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Eisenbarth, G. S. (Ed.). 2011. Immunoendocrinology: Scientific and Clinical Aspects. Contemporary Endocrinology. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Turner, M. C., G. Herrmann, and I. Postlethwaite. 2007. “Anti-windup Compensation using a Decoupling Architecture.” Advanced Strategies in Control Systems with Input and Output Constraints, Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences, S. Tarbouriech, G. Garcia, and A. H. Glattfelder, eds., 121–171. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Surveying Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2015. “Scientists Create Biodegradable Computer Chips.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness of the Oil and Gas Industries. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, B. 2014. “Bullying of Individuals with Disabilities on a College Campus: A Qualitative Study.” Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2016. “Dodgers Rally, Then Call Upon Their Ace in 9th to Advance.” New York Times, October 14, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Maceyka and Spiegel 2014; Moore 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maceyka and Spiegel 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Huismans et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Surveying Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Surv. Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9453
ISSN (online)1943-5428
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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