How to format your references using the Journal of Surveying Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Surveying Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evans, P. 2012. “Biochemistry. Resolving some old problems in protein crystallography.” Science, 336 (6084): 986–987.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beuther, H., and P. Schilke. 2004. “Fragmentation in massive star formation.” Science, 303 (5661): 1167–1169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wolf, S. M., G. J. Annas, and S. Elias. 2013. “Point-counterpoint. Patient autonomy and incidental findings in clinical genomics.” Science, 340 (6136): 1049–1050.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ozawa, S., M. Murakami, M. Kaidzu, T. Tada, T. Sagiya, Y. Hatanaka, H. Yarai, and T. Nishimura. 2002. “Detection and monitoring of ongoing aseismic slip in the Tokai region, central Japan.” Science, 298 (5595): 1009–1012.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lui, S. H. 2011. Numerical Analysis of Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hirsch, F. 2011. Peacocks and Associated Martingales, with Explicit Constructions. B&SS — Bocconi & Springer Series, (C. Profeta, B. Roynette, and M. Yor, eds.). Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hjertager, B. H. 2007. “Multi-fluid CFD Analysis of Chemical Reactors.” Multiphase Reacting Flows: Modelling and Simulation, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, D. L. Marchisio and R. O. Fox, eds., 125–179. Vienna: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Surveying Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “New Stem Cell Therapy Could Treat Mitochondrial Diseases.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Regulatory Burden. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tse, J. 2009. “An explication of the Hilbert basis theorem and its relation to school mathematics.” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Winerip, M., M. Schwirtz, and R. Gebeloff. 2016. “For Blacks Facing Parole, Signs of Broken System in New York.” New York Times, December 4, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Evans 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Beuther and Schilke 2004; Evans 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beuther and Schilke 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Ozawa et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Surveying Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Surv. Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9453
ISSN (online)1943-5428
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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