How to format your references using the Journal of Surveying Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Surveying Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Delude, C. M. (2015). “Deep phenotyping: The details of disease.” Nature, 527(7576), S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blander, J. M., and Amsen, D. (2009). “Immunology. Amino acid addiction.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5932), 1282–1283.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mendoza, M., Succi, S., and Herrmann, H. J. (2013). “Flow through randomly curved manifolds.” Scientific reports, 3, 3106.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Musunuru, K., Strong, A., Frank-Kamenetsky, M., Lee, N. E., Ahfeldt, T., Sachs, K. V., Li, X., Li, H., Kuperwasser, N., Ruda, V. M., Pirruccello, J. P., Muchmore, B., Prokunina-Olsson, L., Hall, J. L., Schadt, E. E., Morales, C. R., Lund-Katz, S., Phillips, M. C., Wong, J., Cantley, W., Racie, T., Ejebe, K. G., Orho-Melander, M., Melander, O., Koteliansky, V., Fitzgerald, K., Krauss, R. M., Cowan, C. A., Kathiresan, S., and Rader, D. J. (2010). “From noncoding variant to phenotype via SORT1 at the 1p13 cholesterol locus.” Nature, 466(7307), 714–719.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hitchner, J. R. (2017). Financial Valuation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lyytinen, K., Loucopoulos, P., Mylopoulos, J., and Robinson, B. (Eds.). (2009). Design Requirements Engineering: A Ten-Year Perspective: Design Requirements Workshop, Cleveland, OH, USA, June 3-6, 2007, Revised and Invited Papers. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lucas, J. C., Schroeder, D., Chennells, R., Chaturvedi, S., and Feinholz, D. (2013). “Sharing Traditional Knowledge: Who benefits? Cases from India, Nigeria, Mexico and South Africa.” Benefit Sharing: From Biodiversity to Human Genetics, D. Schroeder and J. Cook Lucas, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 65–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Surveying Engineering.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017). “Divers Reveal Shocking Images Of Mutilated Banjo Sharks To Highlight Animal Cruelty.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Propriety of Payment of Transportation and Travel Expenses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolb, J. N. (2015). “What’s professional development got to do with it? The value of lesson study in implementing the common core standards for mathematical practices.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2012). “What He Won’t Say, the White Flag Will.” New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Delude 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Blander and Amsen 2009; Delude 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blander and Amsen 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Musunuru et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Surveying Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Surv. Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9453
ISSN (online)1943-5428
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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