How to format your references using the Journal of Surveying Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Surveying Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Claeys, M. (2010). “Comment on ‘Unexpected epoxide formation in the gas-phase photooxidation of isoprene.’” Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5966), 644; author reply 644.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chang, J. B., and Ferrell, J. E., Jr. (2013). “Mitotic trigger waves and the spatial coordination of the Xenopus cell cycle.” Nature, 500(7464), 603–607.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halpern, B. S., Cottenie, K., and Broitman, B. R. (2006). “Strong top-down control in southern California kelp forest ecosystems.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5777), 1230–1232.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pan, C.-T., Hinks, J. A., Ramasse, Q. M., Greaves, G., Bangert, U., Donnelly, S. E., and Haigh, S. J. (2014). “In-situ observation and atomic resolution imaging of the ion irradiation induced amorphisation of graphene.” Scientific reports, 4, 6334.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mubarak, S. (2010). Construction Project Scheduling and Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Matsuzawa, T., Humle, T., and Sugiyama, Y. (Eds.). (2011). The Chimpanzees of Bossou and Nimba. Primatology Monographs, Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Ebermann, H.-J., and Fahnenbruck, G. (2013). “Stress.” Human Factors on the Flight Deck: Safe Piloting Behaviour in Practice, H.-J. Ebermann and J. Scheiderer, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 113–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Surveying Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “Filefish can Camouflage in just 2 Seconds.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Question Concerning Whether Funds Available Under Career Education Incentive Act Were Illegally Rescinded. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zimmerman, K. L. (2017). “Perceived and preferred organizational culture on behavior intentions in the hospitality industry.” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J. (2017). “Protests Start a Dialogue, But About What, Exactly?” New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Claeys 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Chang and Ferrell 2013; Claeys 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chang and Ferrell 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Pan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Surveying Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Surv. Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9453
ISSN (online)1943-5428
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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