How to format your references using the Journal of Surveying Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Surveying Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Newman, D. K. (2010). “Microbiology. Feasting on minerals.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5967), 793–794.
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller, J., and Müller, C. W. (2014). “Structural biology: Enzyme-chromatin complex visualized.” Nature, 514(7524), 572–573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dolan, J. F., Christofferson, S. A., and Shaw, J. H. (2003). “Recognition of paleoearthquakes on the Puente Hills blind thrust fault, California.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5616), 115–118.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Meier, T., Polzer, P., Diederichs, K., Welte, W., and Dimroth, P. (2005). “Structure of the rotor ring of F-Type Na+-ATPase from Ilyobacter tartaricus.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5722), 659–662.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corten, R. (2014). Computational Approaches to Studying the Co-evolution of Networks and Behavior in Social Dilemmas. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Steinhoff, G. (Ed.). (2016). Regenerative Medicine - from Protocol to Patient: 2. Stem Cell Science and Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kłos, M., and Waszczyszyn, Z. (2010). “Prediction of Compaction Characteristics of Granular Soils by Neural Networks.” Artificial Neural Networks – ICANN 2010: 20th International Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, September 15-18, 2010, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, K. Diamantaras, W. Duch, and L. S. Iliadis, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 42–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Surveying Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “Rare ‘Sea Serpent’ Washes Up Dead On California Beach.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Broadband Internet: FCC Should Track the Application of Fixed Internet Usage-Based Pricing and Help Improve Consumer Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prather, M. R. (2010). “Pink, blues, blacks, and the Union Jack: Mod’s reinterpretation of Britishness, 1962-1964.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012). “Richards-Ross Breaks American Drought In the Women’s 400.” New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Newman 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Müller and Müller 2014; Newman 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Müller and Müller 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Meier et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Surveying Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Surv. Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9453
ISSN (online)1943-5428
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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