How to format your references using the Journal of Surveying Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Surveying Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman, M. 2008. “The evolutionary origin of flatfish asymmetry.” Nature, 454 (7201): 209–212.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marande, W., and G. Burger. 2007. “Mitochondrial DNA as a genomic jigsaw puzzle.” Science, 318 (5849): 415.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara, J. M., T. W. Fawcett, and A. I. Houston. 2013. “An adaptive response to uncertainty generates positive and negative contrast effects.” Science, 340 (6136): 1084–1086.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Campbell, D. B., G. J. Black, L. M. Carter, and S. J. Ostro. 2003. “Radar evidence for liquid surfaces on Titan.” Science, 302 (5644): 431–434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zauderer, E. 2006. Partial Differential Equations of Applied Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Heredia, R. R., J. Altarriba, and A. B. Cieślicka (Eds.). 2016. Methods in Bilingual Reading Comprehension Research. The Bilingual Mind and Brain Book Series. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahmmed, M. 2015. “Inclusive Education in Bangladesh.” Disability Studies: Educating for Inclusion, T. Corcoran, J. White, and B. Whitburn, eds., 57–73. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Surveying Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “What Happens When You Play Music Through A Squid?” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. The Need for Strong Central Oversight of the Federal Government’s War on Drugs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bornmann, J. W. 2009. “Becoming soldiers: Army Basic Training and the negotiation of identity.” Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. 2017. “Young Con Man as Tragic Hero.” New York Times, April 26, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Friedman 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman 2008; Marande and Burger 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marande and Burger 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Campbell et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Surveying Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Surv. Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9453
ISSN (online)1943-5428
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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