How to format your references using the Contemporary British History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary British History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sontheimer, Harald. “Brain Cancer: Tumour Cells on Neighbourhood Watch.” Nature 528, no. 7580 (December 3, 2015): 49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Majumder, Mary A., and Cynthia B. Cohen. “Research Ethics. The NIH Draft Guidelines on Human Stem Cell Research.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324, no. 5935 (June 26, 2009): 1648–49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tang, Ri-Yuan, Gang Li, and Jin-Quan Yu. “Conformation-Induced Remote Meta-C-H Activation of Amines.” Nature 507, no. 7491 (March 13, 2014): 215–20.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tung, Jenny, Alexander Primus, Andrew J. Bouley, Tonya F. Severson, Susan C. Alberts, and Gregory A. Wray. “Evolution of a Malaria Resistance Gene in Wild Primates.” Nature 460, no. 7253 (July 16, 2009): 388–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
“MAX” Maxfield, Clive, and Alvin Brown. The Definitive Guide to How Computers Do Math. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
Evans-Winters, Venus E., and Magaela C. Bethune, eds. (Re)Teaching Trayvon: Education for Racial Justice and Human Freedom. Youth, Media, & Culture Series. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, Sang-Hun, and Hong-Geun Jung. “Ankle and Subtalar Ligaments: Acute Injuries and Chronic Instabilities.” In Foot and Ankle Disorders: An Illustrated Reference, edited by Hong-Geun Jung, 147–83. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary British History.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. “NASA’s Juno Spacecraft Captures The First Stunning Views Of Jupiter’s Poles.” IFLScience. IFLScience, September 5, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “The A-76 Study at the NOAA National Climatic Data Center Could Have Been Compromised by the Disclosure of Certain Information.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, February 1, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allyasin, Fariba. “Low-Cost Frequency-Domain Methods of Ruby Fluorescence Lifetime Measurements.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, Michael, and Mary Williams Walsh. “Distressed Cities Weigh Bold Tactics In a New Fiscal Era.” New York Times, April 1, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary British History
AbbreviationContemp. Br. Hist.
ISSN (print)1361-9462
ISSN (online)1743-7997
Safety Research
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles