How to format your references using the Contemporary British History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary British History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bascompte, Jordi. “Disentangling the Web of Life.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325, no. 5939 (July 24, 2009): 416–19.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiermaier, E., and M. Sixt. “IMMUNOLOGY. Fragmented Communication between Immune Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349, no. 6252 (September 4, 2015): 1055–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peirce, Vivian, Stefania Carobbio, and Antonio Vidal-Puig. “The Different Shades of Fat.” Nature 510, no. 7503 (June 5, 2014): 76–83.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Heldwein, Ekaterina E., Huan Lou, Florent C. Bender, Gary H. Cohen, Roselyn J. Eisenberg, and Stephen C. Harrison. “Crystal Structure of Glycoprotein B from Herpes Simplex Virus 1.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313, no. 5784 (July 14, 2006): 217–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Myatt, Glenn J., and Wayne P. Johnson. Making Sense of Data III. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
Meersman, Robert, and Zahir Tari, eds. On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2006: CoopIS, DOA, GADA, and ODBASE: OTM Confederated International Conferences, CoopIS, DOA, GADA, and ODBASE 2006, Montpellier, France, October 29 - November 3, 2006. Proceedings, Part I. Vol. 4275. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Jaramillo, David, Borko Furht, and Ankur Agarwal. “Mobile Virtualization Reference Architecture.” In Virtualization Techniques for Mobile Systems, edited by Borko Furht and Ankur Agarwal, 37–53. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary British History.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. “How Deadly Is Your Dog’s Saliva?” IFLScience. IFLScience, July 15, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Selection and Use of Contractor for Development of a Management Information System for the Atomic Energy Commission.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, June 8, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LaPorte, Mallory. “Depression and Rumination as a Predictor for Types of Substances Abused.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, Ben, and Julie Hirschfeld Davis. “Trump Vows Cuts in Wall St. Rules From Obama Era.” New York Times, February 3, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary British History
AbbreviationContemp. Br. Hist.
ISSN (print)1361-9462
ISSN (online)1743-7997
Safety Research
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles