How to format your references using the Contemporary British History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary British History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyle, Paul. “Social Science. A U.K. View on the U.S. Attack on Social Sciences.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341, no. 6147 (August 16, 2013): 719.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mehta, Rita S., and Peter C. Wainwright. “Raptorial Jaws in the Throat Help Moray Eels Swallow Large Prey.” Nature 449, no. 7158 (September 6, 2007): 79–82.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruff, C. C., G. Ugazio, and E. Fehr. “Changing Social Norm Compliance with Noninvasive Brain Stimulation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342, no. 6157 (October 25, 2013): 482–84.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kang, W. N., H. J. Kim, E. M. Choi, C. U. Jung, and S. I. Lee. “MgB2 Superconducting Thin Films with a Transition Temperature of 39 Kelvin.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292, no. 5521 (May 25, 2001): 1521–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brandimarte, Paolo. Handbook in Monte Carlo Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
Wright, Frances C., Jaime Escallon, Moises Cukier, Melanie E. Tsang, and Usmaan Hameed, eds. Surgical Oncology Manual. 2nd ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Schiehlen, Werner, Bin Hu, and Robert Seifried. “Multiscale Methods for Multibody Systems with Impacts.” In Advances in Computational Multibody Systems, edited by Jorge A. C. Ambrósio, 95–124. Computational Methods in Applied Sciences. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2005.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary British History.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Milky Way Galaxy Has Four Arms, Not Two.” IFLScience. IFLScience, December 18, 2013.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “High Speed Ground Transportation: Financing Issues.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 4, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collins, Lauren. “A Community Risk Assessment of the 90062 Zip Code.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. “Young Star Gives U.S. a Needed Win.” New York Times, June 9, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary British History
AbbreviationContemp. Br. Hist.
ISSN (print)1361-9462
ISSN (online)1743-7997
Safety Research
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles