How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bakker, K. (2012). Water management. Water security: research challenges and opportunities. Science 337, 914–915.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vinnikov, K. Y., and Grody, N. C. (2003). Global warming trend of mean tropospheric temperature observed by satellites. Science 302, 269–272.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, X., Zhou, Z., and Prum, R. O. (2001). Branched integumental structures in Sinornithosaurus and the origin of feathers. Nature 410, 200–204.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Takamori, S., Rhee, J. S., Rosenmund, C., and Jahn, R. (2000). Identification of a vesicular glutamate transporter that defines a glutamatergic phenotype in neurons. Nature 407, 189–194.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Storhas, W. (2013). Bioverfahrensentwicklung. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Clarke, D., and Agha, G. eds. (2010). Coordination Models and Languages: 12th International Conference, COORDINATION 2010, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 7-9, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Veselá, P., and Lammerer, B. (2009). “The Pfitsch-Mörchner Basin, an example of the post-Variscan sedimentary evolution in the Tauern Window (Eastern Alps),” in Orogenic Processes in the Alpine Collision Zone, eds. N. Froitzheim and S. M. Schmid (Basel: Birkhäuser), S73–S88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Archaeologists Discover Surprising 5,000-Year-Old Beer Recipe From Ancient China. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). TQM Implementation at NASA. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, R. H. (2017). Comparing the Effects of Traditional Face-to-face, Technology-Based, and Blended Instructional Strategies in a Post-Secondary Spanish Language Learning Environment.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas, R. (2016). Prosecutors Set to Begin in Retrial of Patz Suspect. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bakker, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Vinnikov and Grody, 2003; Bakker, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vinnikov and Grody, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Takamori et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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