How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holden, C. (2000). ACADEMIC COMMUNITY: Institute Goes to Court to Remove Researcher. Science 290, 683b–5b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pollard, T. D., and Cooper, J. A. (2009). Actin, a central player in cell shape and movement. Science 326, 1208–1212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jackson, B. A., Bikson, T. K., and Gunn, P. P. (2013). Science and law. Human subjects protection and research on terrorism and conflict. Science 340, 434–435.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang, Q.-X., Lu, R.-W., Messinger, J. D., Curcio, C. A., Guarcello, V., and Yao, X.-C. (2013). In vivo optical coherence tomography of light-driven melanosome translocation in retinal pigment epithelium. Sci. Rep. 3, 2644.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keene, J. (2008). Clients with Complex Needs: Interprofessional Practice. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
König, A., Dengel, A., Hinkelmann, K., Kise, K., Howlett, R. J., and Jain, L. C. eds. (2011). Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 15th International Conference, KES 2011, Kaiserslautern, Germany, September 12-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Giorgetti, A., Girgenti, A., Citti, P., and Delogu, M. (2016). “A Novel Approach for Axiomatic-Based Design for the Environment,” in Axiomatic Design in Large Systems: Complex Products, Buildings and Manufacturing Systems, eds. A. M. Farid and N. P. Suh (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 131–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). What The World’s Oldest Calculator Tells Us About The Ancient Greeks’ View Of The Universe. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983). The Air Force Can Improve Its Maintenance Information Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frost, D. C. (2009). Quantitative correlational study of communication satisfaction related to organizational proximity and face-to-face communication.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, N. (2017). Invisibly Black. New York Times, BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holden, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Holden, 2000; Pollard and Cooper, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pollard and Cooper, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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