How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gallo, R. C. (2002). Historical essay. The early years of HIV/AIDS. Science 298, 1728–1730.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacob, Y., and Martienssen, R. (2012). Molecular biology. All packed up and ready to go. Science 336, 1391–1392.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qian, L., Winfree, E., and Bruck, J. (2011). Neural network computation with DNA strand displacement cascades. Nature 475, 368–372.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Perrin, M. D., Graham, J. R., Kalas, P., Lloyd, J. P., Max, C. E., Gavel, D. T., et al. (2004). Laser guide star adaptive optics imaging polarimetry of Herbig Ae/Be stars. Science 303, 1345–1348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doldi, L. (2005). Validation of Communications Systems with SDL. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Norris, S. P. ed. (2012). Reading for Evidence and Interpreting Visualizations in Mathematics and Science Education. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Bosc, G., Plantevit, M., Boulicaut, J.-F., Bensafi, M., and Kaytoue, M. (2016). “h(odor): Interactive Discovery of Hypotheses on the Structure-Odor Relationship in Neuroscience,” in Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2016, Riva del Garda, Italy, September 19-23, 2016, Proceedings, Part III Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. B. Berendt, B. Bringmann, É. Fromont, G. Garriga, P. Miettinen, N. Tatti, et al. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 17–21.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). Virus Found To Make Plants Smell More Attractive To Foraging Bees. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011). Space Acquisitions: Development and Oversight Challenges in Delivering Improved Space Situational Awareness Capabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gray, J. L. (2014). Overcoming the threat of racial stereotyping in the workplace.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J. (2016). In Media Company Advertising, Sponsored Content Is Becoming King. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gallo, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gallo, 2002; Jacob and Martienssen, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jacob and Martienssen, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Perrin et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pharmacology of Ion Channels and Channelopathies
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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