How to format your references using the Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cavalli, G. Molecular biology. EZH2 goes solo. Science 2012, 338, 1430–1431.
A journal article with 2 authors
Labouriau, R.; Amorim, A. Comment on “An association between the kinship and fertility of human couples.” Science 2008, 322, 1634; author reply 1634.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogers Hollingsworth, J.; Müller, K.H.; Hollingsworth, E.J. China: The end of the science superpowers. Nature 2008, 454, 412–413.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hankins, T.H.; Kern, J.S.; Weatherall, J.C.; Eilek, J.A. Nanosecond radio bursts from strong plasma turbulence in the Crab pulsar. Nature 2003, 422, 141–143.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shanmugam, R.; Chattamvelli, R. Statistics for Scientists and Engineers; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2015; ISBN 9781119047063.
An edited book
Advances in Cryptology - ASIACRYPT 2013: 19th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Bengaluru, India, December 1-5, 2013, Proceedings, Part I; Sako, K., Sarkar, P., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; Vol. 8269; ISBN 9783642420320.
A chapter in an edited book
Park, D.J.; Yoon, M. Optimum Confidence Interval Analysis in Two-Factor Mixed Model with a Concomitant Variable for Gauge Study. In Optimization and Control Methods in Industrial Engineering and Construction; Xu, H., Wang, X., Eds.; Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; pp. 53–68 ISBN 9789401780438.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Proceedings.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Scientists Have Actually Invented Sonic Screwdrivers And Levitation Gauntlets Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak Needs to Improve Its Accountability for Taxpayer Relief Act Funds; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carlson, D.L. BOUND/(bang). Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. World Briefing | Europe: Moldova: Political Tension. New York Times 2002, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleProceedings
ISSN (online)2504-3900

Other styles