How to format your references using the Journal of South American Earth Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of South American Earth Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham, M., 2000. A cellular cornucopia. Nature 408, 773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gómez, P., Buckling, A., 2011. Bacteria-phage antagonistic coevolution in soil. Science 332, 106–109.
A journal article with 3 authors
Choudhary, A., Kohar, V., Sinha, S., 2014. Taming explosive growth through dynamic random links. Sci. Rep. 4, 4308.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Solstad, T., Boccara, C.N., Kropff, E., Moser, M.-B., Moser, E.I., 2008. Representation of geometric borders in the entorhinal cortex. Science 322, 1865–1868.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rich, P., 2011. Understanding, Assessing, and Rehabilitating Juvenile Sexual Offenders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zhang, K. (Ed.), 2009. Embedded Memories for Nano-Scale VLSIs, Integrated Circuits and Systems. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Grazioli, L., Olivetti, L., Zappa, N., Apostolopoulos, E., 2009. Male Reproductive System: Normal Radiologic Anatomy, in: Grazioli, L., Olivetti, L. (Eds.), Imaging of Urogenital Diseases: A Color Atlas. Springer, Milano, pp. 47–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of South American Earth Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Humanity Is In The Existential Danger Zone, Study Confirms [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Tax Systems Modernization: Status of Planning and Technical Foundation (No. T-AIMD/GGD-94-104). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pasricha, L.A., 2010. North African women in Spain: Dreams and reality, identity and belonging (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2012. Chronicling The Business Of the Games. New York Times SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buckingham, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Buckingham, 2000; Gómez and Buckling, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gómez and Buckling, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Solstad et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of South American Earth Sciences
AbbreviationJ. South Am. Earth Sci.
ISSN (print)0895-9811
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles