How to format your references using the Journal of South American Earth Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of South American Earth Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krakauer, A.H., 2005. Kin selection and cooperative courtship in wild turkeys. Nature 434, 69–72.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gómez, P., Buckling, A., 2011. Bacteria-phage antagonistic coevolution in soil. Science 332, 106–109.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sánchez-Villagra, M.R., Aguilera, O., Horovitz, I., 2003. The anatomy of the world’s largest extinct rodent. Science 301, 1708–1710.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guan, G., Wu, L., Bhagat, A.A., Li, Z., Chen, P.C.Y., Chao, S., Ong, C.J., Han, J., 2013. Spiral microchannel with rectangular and trapezoidal cross-sections for size based particle separation. Sci. Rep. 3, 1475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaynor, G.H., 2014. Decisions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kömer, P., Abraham, A., Snášel, V. (Eds.), 2014. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications IBICA 2014, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Barton, A., Mayboroda, S., 2014. Boundary-value Problems for Higher-order Elliptic Equations in Non-smooth Domains, in: Cepedello Boiso, M., Hedenmalm, H., Kaashoek, M.A., Montes Rodríguez, A., Treil, S. (Eds.), Concrete Operators, Spectral Theory, Operators in Harmonic Analysis and Approximation: 22nd International Workshop in Operator Theory and Its Applications, Sevilla, July 2011, Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Springer, Basel, pp. 53–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of South American Earth Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. New Rover Will Reach Mars In 2018 And Drill Two Meters Below The Surface In Search Of Life [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Contract Award of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration to the Institute for Law and Social Research (No. GGD-76-9). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chapman, T.W., 2017. Evaluating the δ13C Value of n-Alkanes as a Recorder of Atmospheric Chemistry (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Federer Beats Wawrinka, and His Own Aging Body, to Reach Final. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krakauer, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gómez and Buckling, 2011; Krakauer, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gómez and Buckling, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Guan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of South American Earth Sciences
AbbreviationJ. South Am. Earth Sci.
ISSN (print)0895-9811
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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