How to format your references using the Journal of South American Earth Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of South American Earth Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weeds, A., 2013. Hugh Huxley (1924-2013). Nature 500, 530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shirts, M., Pande, V.S., 2000. COMPUTING: Screen Savers of the World Unite! Science 290, 1903–1904.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsiang, S.M., Burke, M., Miguel, E., 2013. Quantifying the influence of climate on human conflict. Science 341, 1235367.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, K.-H., Holdorf, A.D., Dustin, M.L., Chan, A.C., Allen, P.M., Shaw, A.S., 2002. T cell receptor signaling precedes immunological synapse formation. Science 295, 1539–1542.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopp, V., 2000. Grundlagen der Life Sciences. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Pellegrino, C., Sena-Cruz, J. (Eds.), 2016. Design Procedures for the Use of Composites in Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Structures: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 234-DUC, 1st ed. 2016. ed, RILEM State-of-the-Art Reports. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
de Cicco, R.L., Santucci-Pereira, J., Moral, R., Peri, S., Slifker, M., Russo, I.H., Russo, P.A., Wang, R., Russo, J., 2011. Endocrine Disruptors Affect the Genomic Profile of the Rat Mammary Gland at Different Developmental Stages, in: Russo, J. (Ed.), Environment and Breast Cancer. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 69–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of South American Earth Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti, C., 2017. We Shared An Amazing Live Stream Of The Bottom Of The Pacific Ocean With You - Here Are Some Of The Coolest Things We Saw [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. NASA Procurement: Proposed Changes to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Contract (No. NSIAD-93-178). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Genc, A., 2008. Phase Stability in Metallic Multilayers (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick, B., 2017. Et Al. New York Times D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weeds, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Shirts and Pande, 2000; Weeds, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shirts and Pande, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of South American Earth Sciences
AbbreviationJ. South Am. Earth Sci.
ISSN (print)0895-9811
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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