How to format your references using the Journal of South American Earth Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of South American Earth Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Overbaugh, J., 2011. 24/7 isn’t the only way: A healthy work-life balance can enhance research. Nature 477, 27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fang, J., McCutchan, T.F., 2002. Thermoregulation in a parasite’s life cycle. Nature 418, 742.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, L.-A., Segal, D., Brumer, P., 2013. No-go theorem for ground state cooling given initial system-thermal bath factorization. Sci. Rep. 3, 1824.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hanauer, D.I., Jacobs-Sera, D., Pedulla, M.L., Cresawn, S.G., Hendrix, R.W., Hatfull, G.F., 2006. Inquiry learning. Teaching scientific inquiry. Science 314, 1880–1881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt-Ahmed, K., 2013. Contemporary Islamic Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
London, J., 2012. Using Technology to Sell: Tactics to Ratchet Up Results. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Bivand, R.S., Pebesma, E., Gómez-Rubio, V., 2013. Further Methods for Handling Spatial Data, in: Pebesma, E., Gómez-Rubio, V. (Eds.), Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 127–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of South American Earth Sciences.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. The Second Case Of “Down’s Syndrome” In A Chimp Has Been Reported By Scientists [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Educational Achievement Standards: NAGB’s Approach Yields Misleading Interpretations (No. PEMD-93-12). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fan, H.-T., 2012. Design of delta operator based decision feedback equalizer for high-speed backplane data communication (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M., 2017. Before Prison, Producer Recalls Fateful Night. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Overbaugh, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fang and McCutchan, 2002; Overbaugh, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fang and McCutchan, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Hanauer et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of South American Earth Sciences
AbbreviationJ. South Am. Earth Sci.
ISSN (print)0895-9811
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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