How to format your references using the Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Strauss SH (2003) Genetic technologies. Genomics, genetic engineering, and domestication of crops. Science 300:61–62
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hamanaka RB, Chandel NS (2011) Cell biology. Warburg effect and redox balance. Science 334:1219–1220
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wagner PJ, Kosnik MA, Lidgard S (2006) Abundance distributions imply elevated complexity of post-Paleozoic marine ecosystems. Science 314:1289–1292
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Zhang X, Qin J, Xue Y, et al (2014) Effect of aspect ratio and surface defects on the photocatalytic activity of ZnO nanorods. Sci Rep 4:4596

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Woods DR (2005) Successful Trouble Shooting for Process Engineers. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
1.
Obdržálek D, Gottscheber A (2011) Research and Education in Robotics - EUROBOT 2010: International Conference, Rapperswil-Jona, Switzerland, May 27-30, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tiplica G-S, Tschachler E (2016) Venereal Disease II: Chlamydia trachomatis Infection, Gonorrhoea. In: Ólafsson JH, Hay RJ (eds) Antibiotic and Antifungal Therapies in Dermatology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 69–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2017) The Europa Lander Isn’t Completely Dead Just Yet. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/the-europa-lander-isnt-completely-dead-just-yet/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1992) Aviation Safety: Better Oversight Would Reduce the Risk of Air Taxi Accidents. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Zavarella CA (2008) Computer -based instruction and remedial mathematics: A study of student retention at a Florida community college. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron J (2016) Where Presidential Aspirations Are Finally Laid to Rest. New York Times C17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Solgel Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0928-0707
ISSN (online)1573-4846
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Biomaterials
Ceramics and Composites
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles