How to format your references using the Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Finney B (2007) Anthropology. Tracking Polynesian seafarers. Science 317:1873–1874
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Caldeira K, Wickett ME (2003) Oceanography: anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH. Nature 425:365
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Reinhardt K, Dowling DK, Morrow EH (2013) Medicine. Mitochondrial replacement, evolution, and the clinic. Science 341:1345–1346
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Lee K-B, Park S-J, Mirkin CA, et al (2002) Protein nanoarrays generated by dip-pen nanolithography. Science 295:1702–1705

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2003) Guidelines for Analyzing and Managing the Security Vulnerabilities of Fixed Chemical Sites. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Schoburgh ED, Martin J, Gatchair S (2016) Developmental Local Governance: A Critical Discourse in ‘Alternative Development.’ Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Weichert D, Hachemi A (2006) A SHAKEDOWN APPROACH TO THE PROBLEM OF DAMAGE OF FIBERREINFORCED COMPOSITES. In: Sadowski T (ed) IUTAM Symposium on Multiscale Modelling of Damage and Fracture Processes in Composite Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Kazimierz Dolny, Poland, 23–27 May 2005. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 41–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) This Lego Microscope Actually Works! In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/lego-microscope-actually-works/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) Strategic Mobility: Serious Problems Remain in U.S. Deployment Capabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Seymour CR (2017) Natives Versus Exotics and Grasses Versus Forbs: A Long-Term Study of Vegetation in La Jolla Valley. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Scheiber N (2016) Fight for $15 Widens Focus. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Solgel Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0928-0707
ISSN (online)1573-4846
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Biomaterials
Ceramics and Composites
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles