How to format your references using the Journal of Safety Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Safety Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenking, G. (2015). Inorganic chemistry: Peculiar boron startles again. Nature, 522(7556), 297–298.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chakravarti, A., & Little, P. (2003). Nature, nurture and human disease. Nature, 421(6921), 412–414.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melton, C., Judson, R. L., & Blelloch, R. (2010). Opposing microRNA families regulate self-renewal in mouse embryonic stem cells. Nature, 463(7281), 621–626.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mäkinen, J. T., Bertaux, J. L., Combi, M. R., & Quémerais, E. (2001). Water production of comet C/1999 S4 (LINEAR) observed with the SWAN instrument. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5520), 1326–1329.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans, P. W. (2010). Top Hat. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Nikolaidis, I., & Wu, K. (Eds.). (2010). Ad-Hoc, Mobile and Wireless Networks: 9th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2010, Edmonton, AB, Canada, August 20-22, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6288). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kool, V. K., & Agrawal, R. (2016). Technology and Motor Behavior: The Cinderella of Modern Psychology. In R. Agrawal (Ed.), Psychology of Technology (pp. 139–186). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Safety Research.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 11). How Much Radiation Is Given Off By Your Household Items? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). [Comments on NASA Agreement With Firm for Commercial Launch Services] (B-223684). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu, T.-W. D. (2003). Isolation and Characterization of pco-1, which Encodes a Regulatory Protein that Controls Purine Degradation in Neurospora crassa [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, June 29). Backstage With Van Halen. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frenking, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Chakravarti & Little, 2003; Frenking, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chakravarti & Little, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Melton et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mäkinen et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Safety Research
AbbreviationJ. Safety Res.
ISSN (print)0022-4375
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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