How to format your references using the Journal of Safety Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Safety Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thompson, J. N. (2012). Evolution. The role of coevolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6067), 410–411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Insel, T. R., & Cuthbert, B. N. (2015). Medicine. Brain disorders? Precisely. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6234), 499–500.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guo, D., Knight, T. E., & McCusker, J. K. (2011). Angular momentum conservation in dipolar energy transfer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6063), 1684–1687.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nishita, M., Hashimoto, M. K., Ogata, S., Laurent, M. N., Ueno, N., Shibuya, H., & Cho, K. W. (2000). Interaction between Wnt and TGF-beta signalling pathways during formation of Spemann’s organizer. Nature, 403(6771), 781–785.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dant, S. (2016). Losing Eden. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Goldfine, H., & Shen, H. (Eds.). (2007). Listeria monocytogenes: Pathogenesis and Host Response. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Blocki, J., Christin, N., Datta, A., & Sinha, A. (2013). Adaptive Regret Minimization in Bounded-Memory Games. In S. K. Das, C. Nita-Rotaru, & M. Kantarcioglu (Eds.), Decision and Game Theory for Security: 4th International Conference, GameSec 2013, Fort Worth, TX, USA, November 11-12, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 65–84). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Safety Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 23). Genet Rides Piggyback on Rhinos and Buffaloes. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Remedial Education: Modifying Chapter 1 Formula Would Target More Funds to Those Most in Need (HRD-92-16). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaker, M. (2015). Design of Front End Circuits for a Low Power Ultra Wide Band Receiver [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Coll, S. (2016, October 2). Way Down Under. New York Times, BR20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thompson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Insel & Cuthbert, 2015; Thompson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Insel & Cuthbert, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Guo et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nishita et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Safety Research
AbbreviationJ. Safety Res.
ISSN (print)0022-4375
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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