How to format your references using the Journal of Safety Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Safety Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCune, J. M. (2001). The dynamics of CD4+ T-cell depletion in HIV disease. Nature, 410(6831), 974–979.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tregenza, T., & Wedell, N. (2002). Polyandrous females avoid costs of inbreeding. Nature, 415(6867), 71–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lammert, E., Cleaver, O., & Melton, D. (2001). Induction of pancreatic differentiation by signals from blood vessels. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5542), 564–567.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fong, Y., Bender, L., Wang, W., & Strome, S. (2002). Regulation of the different chromatin states of autosomes and X chromosomes in the germ line of C. elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5576), 2235–2238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seeber, P., & Shander, A. (2012). Basics of Blood Management. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Peris-Ortiz, M., Del Río Rama, M. de la C., & Rueda-Armengot, C. (Eds.). (2016). Wine and Tourism: A Strategic Segment for Sustainable Economic Development (1st ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuhn, A., & Schüssler, B. (2008). Urinary Incontinence and Voiding Dysfunction. In K. Baessler, K. L. Burgio, P. A. Norton, B. Schüssler, K. H. Moore, & S. L. Stanton (Eds.), Pelvic Floor Re-education: Principles and Practice (pp. 62–70). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Safety Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, June 15). Watch Live As SpaceX Launches And Lands Yet Another Rocket. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Motor Vehicle Safety: Passive Restraints Needed to Make Light Trucks Safer (RCED-90-56). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bracht, K. D. (2010). Causes of nonattendance and its effect on student achievement at the high school level [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, March 1). On Dealing With NATO Allies, and Military Spending. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCune, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (McCune, 2001; Tregenza & Wedell, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tregenza & Wedell, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Lammert et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fong et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Safety Research
AbbreviationJ. Safety Res.
ISSN (print)0022-4375
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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