How to format your references using the Journal of Safety Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Safety Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Katsnelson, A. (2014). Drug development: The modelling challenge. Nature, 508(7494), S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aderem, A., & Ulevitch, R. J. (2000). Toll-like receptors in the induction of the innate immune response. Nature, 406(6797), 782–787.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kumar, D., Barman, S., & Barman, A. (2014). Magnetic vortex based transistor operations. Scientific Reports, 4, 4108.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Langevin, Y., Poulet, F., Bibring, J.-P., Schmitt, B., Douté, S., & Gondet, B. (2005). Summer evolution of the north polar cap of Mars as observed by OMEGA/Mars Express. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5715), 1581–1584.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kyan, M., Muneesawang, P., Jarrah, K., & Guan, L. (2014). Unsupervised Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kazakov, D., & Smadja, G. (Eds.). (2005). Particle Physics and Cosmology: The Interface: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Particle Physics and Cosmology: The Interface Cargèse, France 4–16 August 2003 (Vol. 188). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lichte, P., & Pape, H.-C. (2014). The Multiply Injured Patient. In W. R. Smith & P. F. Stahel (Eds.), Management of Musculoskeletal Injuries in the Trauma Patient (pp. 111–119). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Safety Research.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, June 24). Mushroom Used in Chinese Medicine Could Slow Weight Gain, Study Reports. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). School Dropouts: The Extent and Nature of the Problem (HRD-86-106BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Plumer, D. R. (2010). The relationship between earned value management metrics and customer satisfaction [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2015, September 7). Graphic Novels Drawn From Comic-Strip Roots. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Katsnelson, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Aderem & Ulevitch, 2000; Katsnelson, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aderem & Ulevitch, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Kumar et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Langevin et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Safety Research
AbbreviationJ. Safety Res.
ISSN (print)0022-4375
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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