How to format your references using the Journal of Risk Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Risk Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King, Mary-Claire. 2014. “‘The Race’ to Clone BRCA1.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6178): 1462–1465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lendlein, Andreas, and Robert Langer. 2002. “Biodegradable, Elastic Shape-Memory Polymers for Potential Biomedical Applications.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5573): 1673–1676.
A journal article with 3 authors
Supèr, H., H. Spekreijse, and V. A. Lamme. 2001. “A Neural Correlate of Working Memory in the Monkey Primary Visual Cortex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5527): 120–124.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Feng, Yuxia, Hongyuan Wei, Shaoyan Yang, Zhen Chen, Lianshan Wang, Susu Kong, Guijuan Zhao, and Xianglin Liu. 2014. “Competitive Growth Mechanisms of AlN on Si (111) by MOVPE.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6416.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spiegel, René. 2005. Psychopharmacology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Micali, Giuseppe. 2013. Atlas of Male Genital Disorders: A Useful Aid for Clinical Diagnosis. Edited by Marco Cusini, Pompeo Donofrio, and Franco Dinotta. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Caputo, Jean-Guy, and Y. A. Stepanyants. 2007. “Tsunami Surge in a River: A Hydraulic Jump in an Inhomogeneous Channel.” In Tsunami and Nonlinear Waves, edited by Anjan Kundu, 97–112. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Risk Research.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “Psychopaths Probably Do Experience Fear But May Be Unable To Sense Danger.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Telecommunications: Concerns Regarding the Structure and FCC’s Management of the E-Rate Program. GAO-05-439T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kratovac, Sebila. 2012. “Developmental Alterations in Inhibitory Neurotransmission in the Fragile X Syndrome Mouse Basolateral Amygdala.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blinder, Alan, A. L. Baker, and J. David Goodman. 2014. “Tracing Gun Used to Kill 2 Officers, Officials Wind Up in a Familiar Spot.” New York Times, December 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (King 2014).
This sentence cites two references (King 2014; Lendlein and Langer 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lendlein and Langer 2002)
  • Three authors: (Supèr, Spekreijse, and Lamme 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Feng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Risk Research
AbbreviationJ. Risk Res.
ISSN (print)1366-9877
ISSN (online)1466-4461
ScopeStrategy and Management
General Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
General Social Sciences

Other styles