How to format your references using the Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Di Lorenzo, E., 2015. Climate science: The future of coastal ocean upwelling. Nature 518, 310–311.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pickard, C.J., Needs, R.J., 2014. High-pressure physics: Piling on the pressure. Nature 511, 294–295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dudovich, N., Oron, D., Silberberg, Y., 2002. Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy. Nature 418, 512–514.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nee, S., Colegrave, N., West, S.A., Grafen, A., 2005. The illusion of invariant quantities in life histories. Science 309, 1236–1239.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sommers-Flanagan, J., Sommers-Flanagan, R., 2015. Tough Kids Cool Counseling. American Counseling Association, Alexandria, VA, USA.
An edited book
Nakano, S.-I., Rahman, M.S. (Eds.), 2008. WALCOM: Algorithms and Computation: Second International Workshop, WALCOM 2008, Dhaka, Bangladesh, February 7-8, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hagen, S., Edwards, N., Wilcock, L., Kirschnick, J., Rolia, J., 2009. One Is Not Enough: A Hybrid Approach for IT Change Planning, in: Bartolini, C., Gaspary, L.P. (Eds.), Integrated Management of Systems, Services, Processes and People in IT: 20th IFIP/IEEE International Workshop on Distributed Systems: Operations and Management, DSOM 2009, Venice, Italy, October 27-28, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 56–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. New Stem Cell Therapy Could Treat Mitochondrial Diseases [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/stem-cell-therapy-could-treat-mitochondrial-disease/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Postsecondary Education: Multiple Tax Preferences and Title IV Student Aid Programs Create a Complex Education Financing Environment (No. GAO-07-262T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsang, S.D., 2012. The depth range of azimuthal anisotropy beneath Southern California via analyses of long-period Rayleigh-waves (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2005. Bomb Near a Police Vehicle Kills 13 in North Chechnya. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Di Lorenzo, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Di Lorenzo, 2015; Pickard and Needs, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pickard and Needs, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Nee et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence
AbbreviationEng. Appl. Artif. Intell.
ISSN (print)0952-1976
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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