How to format your references using the Education Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Education Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rarity, J. G. 2003. “Physics. Getting Entangled in Free Space.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5633): 604–605.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cassidy, Liam D., and Masashi Narita. 2015. “CELL BIOLOGY. GATA Get a Hold on Senescence.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6255): 1448–1449.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deleault, Nathan R., Ralf W. Lucassen, and Surachai Supattapone. 2003. “RNA Molecules Stimulate Prion Protein Conversion.” Nature 425 (6959): 717–720.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Halic, Mario, Thomas Becker, Martin R. Pool, Christian M. T. Spahn, Robert A. Grassucci, Joachim Frank, and Roland Beckmann. 2004. “Structure of the Signal Recognition Particle Interacting with the Elongation-Arrested Ribosome.” Nature 427 (6977): 808–814.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sears, Richard W., and Kathleen M. Chard. 2016. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chinesta, Francisco. 2014. PGD-Based Modeling of Materials, Structures and Processes. Edited by Elías Cueto. ESAFORM Bookseries on Material Forming. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Livesey, Ruth. 2016. “Remembering Radicalism on the Midlands Turnpike: George Eliot, Felix Holt, and William Cobbett.” In Nineteenth-Century Radical Traditions, edited by Joseph Bristow and Josephine McDonagh, 85–112. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Education Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Colorful ‘Dragon Scales’ On Pluto Perplex Scientists.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Transition From School to Work: S. 1361 Addresses Components of Comprehensive Strategy. T-HRD-93-31. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tomko, Paul R. 2012. “Understanding the Factors Affecting the Influence of Children on Their Parents’ Total Purchases.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. 2017. “CBS Late-Night Host Wins Season Ratings Battle, Thanks to DVRs.” New York Times, May 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rarity 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Rarity 2003; Cassidy and Narita 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cassidy and Narita 2015)
  • Three authors: (Deleault, Lucassen, and Supattapone 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Halic et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducation Economics
AbbreviationEduc. Econ.
ISSN (print)0964-5292
ISSN (online)1469-5782
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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