How to format your references using the Education Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Education Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kher, Unmesh. 2010. “A Call for Collaboration.” Nature 466 (7304): S21-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xue, Y., and D. H. Sherman. 2000. “Alternative Modular Polyketide Synthase Expression Controls Macrolactone Structure.” Nature 403 (6769): 571–575.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tzfira, Tzvi, Manjusha Vaidya, and Vitaly Citovsky. 2004. “Involvement of Targeted Proteolysis in Plant Genetic Transformation by Agrobacterium.” Nature 431 (7004): 87–92.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kellermann, Vanessa, Belinda van Heerwaarden, Carla M. Sgrò, and Ary A. Hoffmann. 2009. “Fundamental Evolutionary Limits in Ecological Traits Drive Drosophila Species Distributions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5945): 1244–1246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Studer, Quint. 2007. Results That Last. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lim, Chjan, and Joseph Nebus, eds. 2007. Vorticity, Statistical Mechanics, and Monte Carlo Simulation. Springer Monographs in Mathematics. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Amico, K. Rivet. 2014. “Adherence to HIV Treatment as Prevention and Preexposure Prophylaxis.” In Biomedical Advances in HIV Prevention: Social and Behavioral Perspectives, edited by Lisa A. Eaton and Seth C. Kalichman, 69–108. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Education Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2013. “Life Onboard the ISS May Be Revolutionized By 3D Printing.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. NASA Infrastructure: Challenges to Achieving Reductions and Efficiencies. NSIAD-96-187. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lambert, Melissa. 2015. “Generational Differences in the Workplace: The Perspectives of Three Generations on Career Mobility.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “Scouting Report.” New York Times, October 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kher 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kher 2010; Xue and Sherman 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xue and Sherman 2000)
  • Three authors: (Tzfira, Vaidya, and Citovsky 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kellermann et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducation Economics
AbbreviationEduc. Econ.
ISSN (print)0964-5292
ISSN (online)1469-5782
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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