How to format your references using the Education Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Education Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koentges, Georgy. 2010. “Journal Club. A Genomic Systems Biologist Muses on How Shared DNA Mistakes Reveal Shared Cellular Ancestry.” Nature 467 (7313): 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jerolmack, Douglas J., and David Mohrig. 2005. “Palaeoclimatology: Formation of Precambrian Sediment Ripples.” Nature 436 (7049): E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, Jung Bin, Chankyu Park, and Seoul National University Investigation Committee. 2006. “Molecular Genetics: Verification That Snuppy Is a Clone.” Nature 440 (7081): E2-3.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, Li, Yinjian Ye, Xingping Lu, Zhubiao Wen, Zhuang Li, Haoqing Hou, and Yonghai Song. 2013. “Hierarchical Nanocomposites of Polyaniline Nanowire Arrays on Reduced Graphene Oxide Sheets for Supercapacitors.” Scientific Reports 3 (December): 3568.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama, Malek, Wassila Kiamouche, and Hadj Batatia. 2015. Connections Management Strategies in Satellite Cellular Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Masys, Anthony J., ed. 2016. Applications of Systems Thinking and Soft Operations Research in Managing Complexity: From Problem Framing to Problem Solving. 1st ed. 2016. Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Camenisch, Jan, Kristiyan Haralambiev, Markulf Kohlweiss, Jorn Lapon, and Vincent Naessens. 2011. “Structure Preserving CCA Secure Encryption and Applications.” In Advances in Cryptology – ASIACRYPT 2011: 17th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Seoul, South Korea, December 4-8, 2011. Proceedings, edited by Dong Hoon Lee and Xiaoyun Wang, 89–106. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Education Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Zombie Worms Chewed Their Way Through Prehistoric Marine Reptile Bones.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Serious Problems Continue to Trouble the Air Traffic Control Work Force. T-RCED-89-44. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McAlpine, Teresa Elizabeth. 2008. “College Students and Career: An Exploration of Vocational Anticipatory Socialization.” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, John. 2017. “Glimpses of Vanishing Harlem.” New York Times, March 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koentges 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Koentges 2010; Jerolmack and Mohrig 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jerolmack and Mohrig 2005)
  • Three authors: (Lee, Park, and Seoul National University Investigation Committee 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducation Economics
AbbreviationEduc. Econ.
ISSN (print)0964-5292
ISSN (online)1469-5782
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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