How to format your references using the Journal of Radiological Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiological Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nadeem M 2014 Unconditionally secure commitment in position-based quantum cryptography Sci. Rep. 4 6774
A journal article with 2 authors
Abedin M and King N 2008 The premetazoan ancestry of cadherins Science 319 946–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Peizhen Z, Molnar P and Downs W R 2001 Increased sedimentation rates and grain sizes 2-4 Myr ago due to the influence of climate change on erosion rates Nature 410 891–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Kraack H, Ocko B M, Pershan P S, Sloutskin E and Deutsch M 2002 Structure of a Langmuir film on a liquid metal surface Science 298 1404–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shamsuddin M 2016 Physical Chemistry of Metallurgical Processes (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc)
An edited book
Bisognano J D, Earley M B and Baker M L 2009 Manual of Heart Failure Management (London: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Raj B and Venkatraman B 2013 Overview of Diagnostics and Monitoring Methods and Techniques Handbook of Technical Diagnostics: Fundamentals and Application to Structures and Systems ed H Czichos (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 43–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiological Protection.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2016 Stephen Hawking’s Interstellar Mission To Alpha Centauri Gets Help From NASA To Deal With Radiation IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2009 Public Transportation: Federal Project Approval Process Remains a Barrier to Greater Private Sector Role and DOT Could Enhance Efforts to Assist Project Sponsors (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shakya M 2017 Planter Boxes and Rain Gardens for Urban Stormwater Management: Performance of Extended Field Application Doctoral dissertation (Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kaufman M T 2017 Lillian Ross Dies at 99; A New Yorker Reporter Whose Memoir Rankled New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiological Protection
AbbreviationJ. Radiol. Prot.
ISSN (print)0952-4746
ISSN (online)1361-6498
ScopeWaste Management and Disposal
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles