How to format your references using the Journal of Radiological Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiological Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegal M 2004 Neuroscience. Signposts to the essence of language Science 305 1720–1
A journal article with 2 authors
Habibi M K and Lu Y 2014 Crack propagation in bamboo’s hierarchical cellular structure Sci. Rep. 4 5598
A journal article with 3 authors
Long M A, Jin D Z and Fee M S 2010 Support for a synaptic chain model of neuronal sequence generation Nature 468 394–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Lo S-T, Lin S-W, Wang Y-T, Lin S-D and Liang C-T 2014 Spin-orbit-coupled superconductivity Sci. Rep. 4 5438

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dodson B, Hammett P C and Klerx R 2014 Probabilistic Design for Optimization and Robustness for Engineers (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Cacuci D G 2010 Handbook of Nuclear Engineering (Boston, MA: Springer US)
A chapter in an edited book
Sugiura M and Ohiwa H 2007 A Supporting System of Informatics Education for University Freshmen Knowledge Management for Educational Innovation: IFIP WG 3.7 7th Conference on Information Technology in Educational Management (ITEM), Hamamatsu, Japan, July 23–26, 2006 IFIP International Federation for Information Processing ed A Tatnall, T Okamoto and A Visscher (Boston, MA: Springer US) pp 27–32

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiological Protection.

Blog post
Fang J 2014 How Our Brains Got Their Wrinkles IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1980 Entitlement to the Transportation of Dependents (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Travis M J 2008 The relationship between a connections math class and math Criterion Referenced Competency Test scores Doctoral dissertation (Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmitt E 2017 Vast Exercise Demonstrated Russia’s Growing Military Prowess New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiological Protection
AbbreviationJ. Radiol. Prot.
ISSN (print)0952-4746
ISSN (online)1361-6498
ScopeWaste Management and Disposal
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles