How to format your references using the Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bosch, X., 2000. Spain in quandary over French synchrotron. Nature 405, 604.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaskell, G., Gottweis, H., 2011. Biobanks need publicity. Nature 471, 159–160.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuffen, H., Smith, R., Sammonds, P.R., 2008. Evidence for seismogenic fracture of silicic magma. Nature 453, 511–514.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Taubner, T., Korobkin, D., Urzhumov, Y., Shvets, G., Hillenbrand, R., 2006. Near-field microscopy through a SiC superlens. Science 313, 1595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Räisänen, V., 2006. Service Modelling. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fink, A., Rothlauf, F. (Eds.), 2008. Advances in Computational Intelligence in Transport, Logistics, and Supply Chain Management, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Di Martino, C., 2016. For a Genealogy of Selfhood: Starting from Paul Ricœur, in: Davidson, S., Vallée, M.-A. (Eds.), Hermeneutics and Phenomenology in Paul Ricoeur: Between Text and Phenomenon, Contributions to Hermeneutics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Millions Of Baby Spiders Rain Down From The Sky In Australia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Food Assistance: Computerized Information Matching Could Reduce Fraud and Abuse in the Food Stamp Program (No. T-RCED-98-254). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valdovinos, G., 2012. Entre familia (among family): A parent training and social support program for Latino families. A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2016. The Ghost in the Machine May Be Your Soul. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bosch, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bosch, 2000; Gaskell and Gottweis, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaskell and Gottweis, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Taubner et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Purchasing and Supply Management
AbbreviationJ. Purch. Supply Manag.
ISSN (print)1478-4092
Strategy and Management

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