How to format your references using the Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bondi, H., 2004. Obituary: Thomas Gold (1920-2004). Nature 430, 415.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mannhart, J., Schlom, D.G., 2010. Oxide interfaces--an opportunity for electronics. Science 327, 1607–1611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hull, P.M., Darroch, S.A.F., Erwin, D.H., 2015. Rarity in mass extinctions and the future of ecosystems. Nature 528, 345–351.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ma, T., Zhao, M.-J., Wang, Y.-K., Fei, S.-M., 2014. Non-commutativity and local indistinguishability of quantum states. Sci. Rep. 4, 6336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, R.C., 2010. The Hedge Fund Book. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chakraborty, K., 2015. Soft Computing Techniques in Voltage Security Analysis, Energy Systems in Electrical Engineering. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Arnoldner, C., Lin, V.Y.W., Chen, J.M., 2015. Round Window Exposure, in: Lin, V.Y.W., Chen, J.M. (Eds.), Manual of Otologic Surgery. Springer, Vienna, pp. 27–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Meet The Mice Whose Brains Are Part Human [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Integration of Current Implementation Efforts with Long-term Planning for the Next Generation Air Transportation System (No. GAO-11-132R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vincent, C., 2010. Viewing Dissociative Identity Disorder through a Jungian lens (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J., 2017. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bondi, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bondi, 2004; Mannhart and Schlom, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mannhart and Schlom, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ma et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Purchasing and Supply Management
AbbreviationJ. Purch. Supply Manag.
ISSN (print)1478-4092
Strategy and Management

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