How to format your references using the Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helliwell, J.R., 2013. Biochemistry. How to solve protein structures with an X-ray laser. Science 339, 146–147.
A journal article with 2 authors
Akiyama, T., Gibson, M.C., 2015. Decapentaplegic and growth control in the developing Drosophila wing. Nature 527, 375–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, D.-A., Kanai, R., Shimojo, S., 2004. Vision: steady-state misbinding of colour and motion. Nature 429, 262.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Badger, J., Lal, J., Harder, R., Inouye, H., Gleber, S.C., Vogt, S., Robinson, I., Makowski, L., 2013. Three-dimensional imaging of crystalline inclusions embedded in intact maize stalks. Sci. Rep. 3, 2843.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Worth, S.M., 2010. The Association Guide to Going Global. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Norris, J.E., Stokes, A., Mickovski, S.B., Cammeraat, E., Beek, R. van, Nicoll, B.C., Achim, A. (Eds.), 2008. Slope Stability and Erosion Control: Ecotechnological Solutions. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hermo, M., Ozaki, A., 2015. Exact Learning of Multivalued Dependencies, in: Chaudhuri, K., Gentile, C., Zilles, S. (Eds.), Algorithmic Learning Theory: 26th International Conference, ALT 2015, Banff, AB, Canada, October 4-6, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 73–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. This Tree Can Grow Over 40 Different Kinds Of Fruit [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Telecommunications: FCC’s Performance Management Weaknesses Could Jeopardize Proposed Reforms of the Rural Health Care Program (No. GAO-11-27). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horta, G., 2013. The potential of the Eurozone crisis to mobilize extreme right support in Spain, Portugal, and Italy (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2007. Try a Cookie. Happiness Awaits. New York Times 14NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Helliwell, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Akiyama and Gibson, 2015; Helliwell, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Akiyama and Gibson, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Badger et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Purchasing and Supply Management
AbbreviationJ. Purch. Supply Manag.
ISSN (print)1478-4092
Strategy and Management

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