How to format your references using the Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gee, H., 2012. Developmental biology: a brainy background. Nature 483, 280.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prather, M.J., Hsu, J., 2010. Coupling of nitrous oxide and methane by global atmospheric chemistry. Science 330, 952–954.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pawloski, J.R., Hess, D.T., Stamler, J.S., 2001. Export by red blood cells of nitric oxide bioactivity. Nature 409, 622–626.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
He, H., Liyanarachchi, S., Akagi, K., Nagy, R., Li, J., Dietrich, R.C., Li, W., Sebastian, N., Wen, B., Xin, B., Singh, J., Yan, P., Alder, H., Haan, E., Wieczorek, D., Albrecht, B., Puffenberger, E., Wang, H., Westman, J.A., Padgett, R.A., Symer, D.E., de la Chapelle, A., 2011. Mutations in U4atac snRNA, a component of the minor spliceosome, in the developmental disorder MOPD I. Science 332, 238–240.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli, D., 2012. Mobile Video with Mobile IPv6. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Glimm, B., Krüger, A. (Eds.), 2012. KI 2012: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 35th Annual German Conference on AI, Saarbrücken, Germany, September 24-27, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chapin, F.S., Cochran, P., Huntington, O.H., Knapp, C.N., Brinkman, T.J., Gadamus, L.R., 2013. Traditional Knowledge and Wisdom: A Guide for Understanding and Shaping Alaskan Social-Ecological Change, in: Rozzi, R., Pickett, S.T.A., Palmer, C., Armesto, J.J., Callicott, J.B. (Eds.), Linking Ecology and Ethics for a Changing World: Values, Philosophy, and Action. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Ebola Evolved To Become More Deadly During The Recent Outbreak [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status of the Transition to the Future Air Traffic Control System (No. GAO-07-784T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Safarian Bahri, P., 2017. Erosion Rate Prediction Model for Levee-Floodwall Overtopping Applications in Fine-Grained Soils (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. ‘Wow’: Stunned Cable News Hosts Reacted in Real Time to Trump. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gee, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gee, 2012; Prather and Hsu, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prather and Hsu, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Purchasing and Supply Management
AbbreviationJ. Purch. Supply Manag.
ISSN (print)1478-4092
Strategy and Management

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