How to format your references using the Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heber, U., 2002. Astronomy. White dwarf mergers and the rebirth of luminous stars. Science 296, 2344–2345.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palumbi, S.R., Warner, R.R., 2003. Ecology. Why gobies are like Hobbits. Science 299, 51–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tasker, S.Z., Standley, E.A., Jamison, T.F., 2014. Recent advances in homogeneous nickel catalysis. Nature 509, 299–309.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schmitt, A.M., Shi, J., Wolf, A.M., Lu, C.-C., King, L.A., Zou, Y., 2006. Wnt-Ryk signalling mediates medial-lateral retinotectal topographic mapping. Nature 439, 31–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickenson, J., Freeman, F., Mills, C.L., Sivasubramaniam, S., Thode, C., 2012. Molecular Pharmacology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Schiff, D., Kesari, S., Wen, P.Y. (Eds.), 2008. Cancer Neurology In Clinical Practice: Neurologic Complications of Cancer and Its Treatment, Second Edition. ed. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Petrosino, S., Marzo, V.D., 2010. Anandamide and Other Acylethanolamides, in: Lajtha, A., Tettamanti, G., Goracci, G. (Eds.), Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Neural Lipids. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 75–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. We Finally Know What Cats’ Facial Expressions Mean [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Air Traffic Control: Justifications for Capital Investments Need Strengthening (No. RCED-93-55). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cano, M., 2015. An in-home visitation program for homebound older adult Veterans: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heber, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Heber, 2002; Palumbi and Warner, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palumbi and Warner, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Schmitt et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Purchasing and Supply Management
AbbreviationJ. Purch. Supply Manag.
ISSN (print)1478-4092
Strategy and Management

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