How to format your references using the Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dance A (2015) Neuroscience: Connectomes make the map. Nature 526:147–149
A journal article with 2 authors
Bottos A, Hynes NE (2014) Cancer: Staying together on the road to metastasis. Nature 514:309–310
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee CC, Hu Y, Ribbe MW (2010) Vanadium nitrogenase reduces CO. Science 329:642
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pellegrini L, Yu DS, Lo T, et al (2002) Insights into DNA recombination from the structure of a RAD51-BRCA2 complex. Nature 420:287–293

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz W (2012) Do Species Exist? Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Wang Z-Y (2015) River Dynamics and Integrated River Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Härdle WK, Hlávka Z (2015) Theory of the Multinormal. In: Hlávka Z (ed) Multivariate Statistics: Exercises and Solutions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 71–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2015) Astronomers Witness The Dying “Breath” Of A Giant Radio Galaxy. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomers-witness-dying-breath-giant-radio-galaxy/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Internal Control Weaknesses in Army Safeguarding of Computer Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wead MO (2009) Fear and Doubt. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2011) A Focus on Cheese. New York Times NJ10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dance 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bottos and Hynes 2014; Dance 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bottos and Hynes 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Pellegrini et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Public Health
AbbreviationZ. Gesundh. Wiss.
ISSN (print)2198-1833
ISSN (online)1613-2238
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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