How to format your references using the Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balescu R (2003) Obituary: Ilya Prigogine (1917-2003). Nature 424:30
A journal article with 2 authors
Huxley A, Green AG (2007) Physics. Electrons acquire a split personality in bismuth. Science 317:1694–1695
A journal article with 3 authors
Neumann G, Noda T, Kawaoka Y (2009) Emergence and pandemic potential of swine-origin H1N1 influenza virus. Nature 459:931–939
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vassylyev DG, Vassylyeva MN, Zhang J, et al (2007) Structural basis for substrate loading in bacterial RNA polymerase. Nature 448:163–168

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saccone C, Pesole G (2005) Handbook of Comparative Genomics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Simmons KM (2011) Economic and Societal Impacts of Tornadoes. American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Engquist B (2005) Multi-scale Modeling. In: Benedicks M, Jones PW, Smirnov S, Winckler B (eds) Perspectives in Analysis: Essays in Honor of Lennart Carleson’s 75th Birthday. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 51–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Carpineti C (2017) The Terrifying Moment Paddle Boarders Realized They Were Surrounded By 15 Great White Sharks. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Federal Direction Needed for Educating Handicapped Children in State Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfe CJ (2012) Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2000) . . . as Thrift Store, Feeling Out of Place, to Shut Over Rent. New York Times 149

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Balescu 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Balescu 2003; Huxley and Green 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huxley and Green 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Vassylyev et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Public Health
AbbreviationZ. Gesundh. Wiss.
ISSN (print)2198-1833
ISSN (online)1613-2238
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles