How to format your references using the Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jayaraman KS (2003) India budgets for boost in research. Nature 422:6
A journal article with 2 authors
Im SH, Taghert PH (2011) Neuroscience. A CRY to rise. Science 331:1394–1395
A journal article with 3 authors
Totan Y, Güler E, Dervişoğulları MS (2014) Brilliant Blue G assisted epiretinal membrane surgery. Sci Rep 4:3956
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Maeda K, Teramura K, Lu D, et al (2006) Photocatalyst releasing hydrogen from water. Nature 440:295

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferdjallah M (2011) Introduction to Digital Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sun J, Liu J, Fan S, Lu X (eds) (2015) China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2015 Proceedings: Volume II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
de Paula LF, Prates DM (2016) Financial Flows to Emerging Economies and Policy Alternatives Post 2008. In: Gevorkyan AV, Canuto O (eds) Financial Deepening and Post-Crisis Development in Emerging Markets: Current Perils and Future Dawns. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp 85–108

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Volcano May Be Erupting Off The Coast Of The USA. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Space Station: Cost Control Problems Continue to Worsen. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee J (2012) The Effects of Leadership Behavior on Workplace Harassment, Employee Outcomes, and Organizational Effectiveness in Small Businesses. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis J (2017) A Troubled Student Tries a New School, and It Alters the Course of Her Life. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jayaraman 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jayaraman 2003; Im and Taghert 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Im and Taghert 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Maeda et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Public Health
AbbreviationZ. Gesundh. Wiss.
ISSN (print)2198-1833
ISSN (online)1613-2238
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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