How to format your references using the Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miesenböck G (2009) The optogenetic catechism. Science 326:395–399
A journal article with 2 authors
Scolnick DM, Halazonetis TD (2000) Chfr defines a mitotic stress checkpoint that delays entry into metaphase. Nature 406:430–435
A journal article with 3 authors
McMahon SM, Miller KH, Drake J (2001) Social science and ecology. Networking tips for social scientists and ecologists. Science 293:1604–1605
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chakraborty S, Ahmed M, Jackson TL, Thiemens MH (2008) Experimental test of self-shielding in vacuum ultraviolet photodissociation of CO. Science 321:1328–1331

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemaire M (2014) Mechanics and Uncertainty. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Umeda M, Wolf A, Bartenstein O, et al (eds) (2006) Declarative Programming for Knowledge Management: 16th International Conference on Applications of Declarative Programming and Knowledge Management, INAP 2005, Fukuoka, Japan, October 22-24, 2005. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Pearson CE, Weinstein RA, Gagliano SM, Kelley DB (2014) Prehistoric Site Discovery on the Outer Continental Shelf, Gulf of Mexico, United States of America. In: Evans AM, Flatman JC, Flemming NC (eds) Prehistoric Archaeology on the Continental Shelf: A Global Review. Springer, New York, NY, pp 53–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Enzyme Modification Means Roundworms Live Twice As Long. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Electronic Government: Additional OMB Leadership Needed to Optimize Use of New Federal Employee Identification Cards. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore BA (2010) The Writing Machine. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2016) R. L. Stine to Write Comic Books for Marvel. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miesenböck 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Scolnick and Halazonetis 2000; Miesenböck 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scolnick and Halazonetis 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Chakraborty et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Public Health
AbbreviationZ. Gesundh. Wiss.
ISSN (print)2198-1833
ISSN (online)1613-2238
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles