How to format your references using the Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Public Health (J Public Health). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen MR (2012) Eppendorf winner. When attention wanders. Science 338:58–59
A journal article with 2 authors
Touma JR, Sridhar S (2015) The disruption of multiplanet systems through resonance with a binary orbit. Nature 524:439–441
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu JI, Crabtree GR, Crabtee GR (2007) Cell signaling. Nuclear actin as choreographer of cell morphology and transcription. Science 316:1710–1711
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Capone DG, Popa R, Flood B, Nealson KH (2006) Geochemistry. Follow the nitrogen. Science 312:708–709

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haupt RL (2015) Timed Arrays. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Zhang J (ed) (2008) PEM Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts and Catalyst Layers: Fundamentals and Applications. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Niu Y, Qiu X (2013) The Global-Local Mental Rotation in Divided Attention Paradigm. In: Liu D, Alippi C, Zhao D, Hussain A (eds) Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems: 6th International Conference, BICS 2013, Beijing, China, June 9-11, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 30–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) Rare Javan Rhino Calves Spotted On Camera. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Department of Education’s Federal Direct Loan Program: Status of Recommendations to Improve Cost Estimates and Presentation of Updated Cash Flow Information. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zitko JA (2012) Effects of Random Cross-Sectioned Distributions, Fiber Misalignment and Interphases in Three-Dimensional Composite Models on Transverse Shear Modulus. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2015) Murphy Anderson, 89, Longtime DC Comics Artist. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen 2012, [CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Touma and Sridhar 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Capone et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Public Health
AbbreviationZ. Gesundh. Wiss.
ISSN (print)2198-1833
ISSN (online)1613-2238
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles