How to format your references using the Journal of Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diebold AC (2005) Applied physics. Subsurface imaging with scanning ultrasound holography. Science 310:61–62
A journal article with 2 authors
Jaspars M, Challis G (2014) Microbiology: a talented genus. Nature 506:38–39
A journal article with 3 authors
McKee RA, Walker FJ, Chisholm MF (2001) Physical structure and inversion charge at a semiconductor interface with a crystalline oxide. Science 293:468–471
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ajayan PM, Terrones M, de la Guardia A, et al (2002) Nanotubes in a flash--ignition and reconstruction. Science 296:705

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bard J, Kovarik VJ Jr (2007) Software Defined Radio. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Naber D (2012) Current Schizophrenia, 3rd ed. 2013. Springer Healthcare UK, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kibbe MR (2015) Leadership Theories and Styles. In: Kibbe MR, Chen H (eds) Leadership in Surgery. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 49–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) From Smokey Bear To Climate Change: The Future Of Wildland Fire Management. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Acquisition--Fair, Reasonable, Supported. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sampson R (2010) The effects of foster care on children: A comparison of 18th century through modern day foster care practices. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly R (2002) Postmodern Conveniences. New York Times 724

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diebold 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Diebold 2005; Jaspars and Challis 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jaspars and Challis 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ajayan et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Public Health
AbbreviationZ. Gesundh. Wiss.
ISSN (print)2198-1833
ISSN (online)1613-2238
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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