How to format your references using the Journal of Psychosomatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychosomatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.M. Gasser, Visualizing chromatin dynamics in interphase nuclei, Science. 296 (2002) 1412–1416.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.A.G.M. de Visser, D.E. Rozen, Comment on “High deleterious genomic mutation rate in stationary phase of Escherichia coli,” Science. 304 (2004) 518; author reply 518.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.H.M. Menz, K.W. Dixon, R.J. Hobbs, Ecology. Hurdles and opportunities for landscape-scale restoration, Science. 339 (2013) 526–527.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Zang, L. Yan, M. Li, L. He, Z. Gai, I. Ivanov, M. Wang, L. Chiang, A. Urbas, B. Hu, Magneto-dielectric effects induced by optically-generated intermolecular charge-transfer states in organic semiconducting materials, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2812.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. J.G. Upton, Categorical Data Analysis by Example, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
V. Harik, ed., Trends in Nanoscale Mechanics: Mechanics of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, Nanocomposites and Molecular Dynamics, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Sedmak, Sustainability: Ethical Perspectives, in: C. Weidinger, F. Fischler, R. Schmidpeter (Eds.), Sustainable Entrepreneurship: Business Success through Sustainability, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychosomatic Research.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Weak Gravity Can Be Explained With 10 Million Billion New Particles, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, School Dropouts: Education Could Play a Stronger Role in Identifying and Disseminating Promising Prevention Strategies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.A. Porter, Defense Support of Civilian Authorities (DSCA): What emergency managers need to know, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.J.O. Murphy, Two Momentous Occasions in New York History, New York Times. (2016) C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychosomatic Research
AbbreviationJ. Psychosom. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3999
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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