How to format your references using the Journal of Psychosomatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychosomatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Gewin, Taking a risk in start-ups, Nature. 429 (2004) 484–485.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Kolaczkowski, J.W. Thornton, Performance of maximum parsimony and likelihood phylogenetics when evolution is heterogeneous, Nature. 431 (2004) 980–984.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, H. Sakai, Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules, Nature. 435 (2005) 470–474.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Murai, S. Tanaka, Y. Dohi, G. Kimura, N. Ohte, The prevalence, characteristics, and clinical significance of abnormal albuminuria in patients with hypertension, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3884.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L.C. Woods, Theory of Tokamak Transport, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
M.S. Khine, ed., Perspectives on Scientific Argumentation: Theory, Practice and Research, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Carrer, M. Giacca, M. Giacca, Molecular Parameters for Prognostic and Predictive Assessment in Colorectal Cancer, in: N. de Manzini (Ed.), Rectal Cancer: Strategy and Surgical Techniques, Springer, Milano, 2013: pp. 41–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychosomatic Research.

Blog post
B. Taub, Caribbean Cave Inscriptions Reveal Spiritual Dialog Between Europeans And Natives, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Sustained Attention Needed to Improve Education’s Oversight of Grant Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.M. Moon, The needs of Korean-American and Korean families of children with disabilities, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
D.E. Slotnik, Bobby Taylor, Who Encouraged Jackson 5, New York Times. (2017) B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychosomatic Research
AbbreviationJ. Psychosom. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3999
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles