How to format your references using the Journal of Psychosomatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychosomatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B.D. Fields, Cosmology. A census of cosmic matter, Science. 294 (2001) 529–530.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.T. Kosak, M. Groudine, Gene order and dynamic domains, Science. 306 (2004) 644–647.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Atran, R. Axelrod, R. Davis, Social science. Sacred barriers to conflict resolution, Science. 317 (2007) 1039–1040.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L.-S. Bouchard, S.R. Burt, M.S. Anwar, K.V. Kovtunov, I.V. Koptyug, A. Pines, NMR imaging of catalytic hydrogenation in microreactors with the use of para-hydrogen, Science. 319 (2008) 442–445.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.A. Schwartz, M.G. Carew, T. Maksimenko, Micro Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
T.E. Lane, M. Carson, C. Bergmann, T. Wyss-Coray, eds., Central Nervous System Diseases and Inflammation, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Engel, G. Metzger, Direct Employment Effects of New Firms, in: M. Fritsch, J. Schmude (Eds.), Entrepreneurship in the Region, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2006: pp. 75–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychosomatic Research.

Blog post
J. Fang, Researchers Discover A New State Of Matter, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Army Accounting Adjustments--Aviation Systems Command, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.O. Wead, Fear and Doubt, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
M.K. Reinhart, Perla Farias and David Portugal Jr, New York Times. (2010) ST9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychosomatic Research
AbbreviationJ. Psychosom. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3999
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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