How to format your references using the Journal of Psychosomatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychosomatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.D. Moore, Physiology. Sister act, Science. 316 (2007) 1436–1438.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.B. Baker, T. Peter, Small-scale cloud processes and climate, Nature. 451 (2008) 299–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.B. Flak, J.F. Neves, R.S. Blumberg, Immunology. Welcome to the microgenderome, Science. 339 (2013) 1044–1045.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Lindorff-Larsen, R.B. Best, M.A. Depristo, C.M. Dobson, M. Vendruscolo, Simultaneous determination of protein structure and dynamics, Nature. 433 (2005) 128–132.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. van Helvoort, Next Generation SDH/SONET, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
M. Danelutto, Making Grids Work: Proceedings of the CoreGRID Workshop on Programming Models Grid and P2P System Architecture Grid Systems, Tools and Environments 12-13 June 2007, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Rivera-Rubio, S. Idrees, I. Alexiou, L. Hadjilucas, A.A. Bharath, Mobile Visual Assistive Apps: Benchmarks of Vision Algorithm Performance, in: A. Petrosino, L. Maddalena, P. Pala (Eds.), New Trends in Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2013: ICIAP 2013 International Workshops, Naples, Italy, September 9-13, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 30–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychosomatic Research.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Has Tesla Cracked The Grid Energy Storage Problem?, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, School Finance: Three States’ Experiences With Equity in School Funding, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.A. Waidelich, Identifying Leadership Potential: The Process of Principals within a Charter School Network, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Protess, A.E. Kramer, M. McINTIRE, Bank in Kushner Meeting Wields Power for Kremlin, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychosomatic Research
AbbreviationJ. Psychosom. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3999
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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