How to format your references using the Philosophy of Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philosophy of Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ross, Graham. 2006. Obituary: Richard Dalitz (1925-2006). Nature 440: 162.
A journal article with 2 authors
Melbourne, Brett A., and Alan Hastings. 2008. Extinction risk depends strongly on factors contributing to stochasticity. Nature 454: 100–103.
A journal article with 3 authors
Courtial, J., J. Leach, and M. J. Padgett. 2001. Fractals in pixellated video feedback. Nature 414: 864.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wachowiak, A., J. Wiebe, M. Bode, O. Pietzsch, M. Morgenstern, and R. Wiesendanger. 2002. Direct observation of internal spin structure of magnetic vortex cores. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298: 577–580.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis, T. Gene. 2010. Java® and Mac OS® X. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Tserpes, Konstantinos I., and Nuno Silvestre, ed. 2014. Modeling of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and their Composites. Vol. 188. Springer Series in Materials Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Tari, Zahir, Ann Khoi Anh Phan, Malith Jayasinghe, and Vidura Gamini Abhaya. 2011. The Use of Similarity & Multicast Protocols to Improve Performance. In On the Performance of Web Services, ed. Ann Khoi Anh Phan, Malith Jayasinghe, and Vidura Gamini Abhaya, 59–104. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philosophy of Management.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. Study Reveals How Traveling To Mars Could Damage Astronaut’s Brains. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 2.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Passenger Rail Security: Enhanced Federal Leadership Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts. GAO-05-851. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Benware, Allison. 2017. The Roles of Teaching Experience and Authoritative Classroom Management Style on Student Discipline. Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2001. City Is to Build the Largest DNA Lab, for a Grim Task. New York Times, October 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ross 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Ross 2006; Melbourne and Hastings 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Melbourne and Hastings 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Wachowiak et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilosophy of Management
AbbreviationPhilos. Manag.
ISSN (print)1740-3812
ISSN (online)2052-9597

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