How to format your references using the Philosophy of Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philosophy of Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agrawal, A. A. 2001. Phenotypic plasticity in the interactions and evolution of species. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 321–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dobson, David P., and John P. Brodholt. 2005. Subducted banded iron formations as a source of ultralow-velocity zones at the core-mantle boundary. Nature 434: 371–374.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kempner, Joanna, Clifford S. Perlis, and Jon F. Merz. 2005. Ethics. Forbidden knowledge. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307: 854.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kovalchuk, Yury, Eric Hanse, Karl W. Kafitz, and Arthur Konnerth. 2002. Postsynaptic Induction of BDNF-Mediated Long-Term Potentiation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295: 1729–1734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, Bruce L., Suzanne B. Hendrix, Dawson W. Hedges, and Timothy B. Smith. 2011. Multivariate Analysis for the Biobehavioral and Social Sciences. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Weidinger, Christina, Franz Fischler, and René Schmidpeter, ed. 2014. Sustainable Entrepreneurship: Business Success through Sustainability. CSR, Sustainability, Ethics & Governance. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin, Carol Yeh-Yun, and Leif Edvinsson. 2011. National Intellectual Capital of Four Larger Western European Countries (France, Germany, Ireland, UK). In National Intellectual Capital: A Comparison of 40 Countries, ed. Leif Edvinsson, 63–85. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philosophy of Management.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. Britain’s Oldest Sauropod Dinosaur Discovered. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 2.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Joint Direct Attack Munition: Low-Rate Initial Production Decision. NSIAD-97-116R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roche, William A. 2006. The Structure and Grounding of Epistemic Justification. Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart, Mary K. 2010. Kathryn Bertine and George Varhola Jr. New York Times, November 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Agrawal 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Agrawal 2001; Dobson and Brodholt 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dobson and Brodholt 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kovalchuk et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilosophy of Management
AbbreviationPhilos. Manag.
ISSN (print)1740-3812
ISSN (online)2052-9597

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