How to format your references using the Philosophy of Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philosophy of Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maiani, Luciano. 2010. Obituary: Nicola Cabibbo (1935-2010). Nature 467: 284.
A journal article with 2 authors
Theis, Thomas N., and Paul M. Solomon. 2010. It’s time to reinvent the transistor! Science (New York, N.Y.) 327: 1600–1601.
A journal article with 3 authors
Unal, Elçin, Benyam Kinde, and Angelika Amon. 2011. Gametogenesis eliminates age-induced cellular damage and resets life span in yeast. Science (New York, N.Y.) 332: 1554–1557.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xie, Shucheng, Richard D. Pancost, Hongfu Yin, Hongmei Wang, and Richard P. Evershed. 2005. Two episodes of microbial change coupled with Permo/Triassic faunal mass extinction. Nature 434: 494–497.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Webb, Richard C. 2005. Tele-Visionaries. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Baan, W. A., Y. Hagiwara, and H. J. van Langevelde, ed. 2005. Dense Molecular Gas Around Protostars and in Galactic Nuclei: European Workshop on Astronomical Molecules 2004. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Pinsker, Robert. 2007. A Theoretical Framework for Examining the Corporate Adoption Decision Involving XBRL as a Continuous Disclosure Reporting Technology. In New Dimensions of Business Reporting and XBRL, ed. Carsten Felden and Maciej Piechocki, 73–98. Wiesbaden: DUV.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philosophy of Management.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Horses Use Eyes And Ears To Communicate. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 5.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Bureau of Indian Education: Improving Interior’s Assistance Would Aid Tribal Groups Developing Academic Accountability Systems. GAO-08-1125T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gordon, Reyna Leigh. 2010. Neural and behavioral correlates of song prosody. Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Packer, George. 2009. Heart of the Matter. New York Times, October 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maiani 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Maiani 2010; Theis and Solomon 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Theis and Solomon 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Xie et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilosophy of Management
AbbreviationPhilos. Manag.
ISSN (print)1740-3812
ISSN (online)2052-9597

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