How to format your references using the Philosophy of Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philosophy of Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fan, Xiaohui. 2003. Astronomy. Black holes at the cosmic dawn. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300: 752–753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, J., and T. M. Swager. 2001. Control of conformational and interpolymer effects in conjugated polymers. Nature 411: 1030–1034.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mietto, Paolo, Marco Avanzini, and Giuseppe Rolandi. 2003. Palaeontology: Human footprints in Pleistocene volcanic ash. Nature 422: 133.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Naik, A., O. Buu, M. D. LaHaye, A. D. Armour, A. A. Clerk, M. P. Blencowe, and K. C. Schwab. 2006. Cooling a nanomechanical resonator with quantum back-action. Nature 443: 193–196.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bitton, Gabriel. 2010. Wastewater Microbiology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Molenberghs, Geert. 2005. Models for Discrete Longitudinal Data. Edited by Geert Verbeke. Springer Series in Statistics. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Carlson, Katy. 2015. Clefting, Parallelism, and Focus in Ellipsis Sentences. In Explicit and Implicit Prosody in Sentence Processing: Studies in Honor of Janet Dean Fodor, ed. Lyn Frazier and Edward Gibson, 63–83. Studies in Theoretical Psycholinguistics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philosophy of Management.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. Jupiter Was A Wrecking Ball That Smashed Through Early Solar System. IFLScience. IFLScience. March 24.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Airport Improvement Program: Allocation of Funds From 1982 to 1992. RCED-94-14FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olson, Cody R. 2017. Population genetic structure of two abyssal grenadiers of the north Atlantic and northeastern Pacific oceans. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Himelstein, Linda. 2012. Like a Tupperware Party, With Punching. New York Times, July 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fan 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kim and Swager 2001; Fan 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Swager 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Naik et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilosophy of Management
AbbreviationPhilos. Manag.
ISSN (print)1740-3812
ISSN (online)2052-9597

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