How to format your references using the Philosophy of Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philosophy of Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kruzic, Jamie J. 2009. Materials science. Predicting fatigue failures. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 156–158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiest, Olaf, and Paul Helquist. 2011. Chemistry. Striking a balance to control stereochemistry. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333: 1831–1832.
A journal article with 3 authors
Medzhitov, Ruslan, David S. Schneider, and Miguel P. Soares. 2012. Disease tolerance as a defense strategy. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335: 936–941.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Clubb, Ros, Marcus Rowcliffe, Phyllis Lee, Khyne U. Mar, Cynthia Moss, and Georgia J. Mason. 2008. Compromised survivorship in zoo elephants. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322: 1649.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
German Geotechnical Society. 2013. Taschenbuch für den Tunnelbau 2014. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Aral, Ali. 2013. Applications of q-Calculus in Operator Theory. Edited by Vijay Gupta and Ravi P. Agarwal. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Boer, Harry. 2016. Advanced Manufacturing Technologies and Strategically Flexible Production. A Review and Outlook. In A Journey through Manufacturing and Supply Chain Strategy Research: A Tribute to Professor Gianluca Spina, ed. Emilio Bartezzaghi, Raffaella Cagliano, Federico Caniato, and Stefano Ronchi, 71–110. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philosophy of Management.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. One of Science’s Most Powerful Tools Might be Coming to Your Phone. IFLScience. IFLScience. July 7.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Answers to Independence Standard Questions (Superseded by GAO-12-331G) GAO-02-870G, July 2002. GAO-02-870G. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gao, Shan. 2009. Characterization of the TAT cell penetrating peptide and directed evolution of new cell penetrating peptides for protein and nucleotide delivery to neuronal -like cells. Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. 2016. Scripted TV Shows Balloon, but Some Fear a Pop. New York Times, August 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kruzic 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kruzic 2009; Wiest and Helquist 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wiest and Helquist 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Clubb et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilosophy of Management
AbbreviationPhilos. Manag.
ISSN (print)1740-3812
ISSN (online)2052-9597

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