How to format your references using the Philosophy of Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Philosophy of Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, G. E., Jr. 2001. Surface science. How minerals react with water. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 67–69.
A journal article with 2 authors
McLennan, Matthew R., and Kimberley J. Hockings. 2014. Wild chimpanzees show group differences in selection of agricultural crops. Scientific reports 4: 5956.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tomioka, Katsuhiro, Masatoshi Yoshimura, and Takashi Fukui. 2012. A III-V nanowire channel on silicon for high-performance vertical transistors. Nature 488: 189–192.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Baliki, M. N., P. C. Chang, A. T. Baria, M. V. Centeno, and A. V. Apkarian. 2014. Resting-sate functional reorganization of the rat limbic system following neuropathic injury. Scientific reports 4: 6186.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gao, Jianjun. 2015. Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors for Circuit Design. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Kokhanovsky, Alexander A., ed. 2010. Light Scattering Reviews 5: Single Light Scattering and Radiative Transfer. Springer Praxis Books. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aguirre, Miguel, Yvan Baillion, Bruno Berruti, and Mark Drinkwater. 2009. Operational Oceanography and the Sentinel-3 System. In Space Technologies for the Benefit of Human Society and Earth, ed. Phillip Olla, 75–98. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Philosophy of Management.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. Even Buying Online, Choices Can Embarrass Us. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 17.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Federal Research: Assessment of the Financial Audit for SEMATECH’s Activities in 1992. RCED-94-17. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bardhoshi, Gerta. 2012. The Relationship Between Assignment of Non-Counseling Duties and Burnout Among Professional School Counselors. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2003. Moscow Talking of Arson As Fire Toll Climbs to 36. New York Times, November 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Brown 2001; McLennan and Hockings 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McLennan and Hockings 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Baliki et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhilosophy of Management
AbbreviationPhilos. Manag.
ISSN (print)1740-3812
ISSN (online)2052-9597

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