How to format your references using the Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zwane, A.P.: Economics. Implications of scarcity. Science. 338, 617–618 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gervais, W.M., Norenzayan, A.: Analytic thinking promotes religious disbelief. Science. 336, 493–496 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Koechlin, E., Ody, C., Kouneiher, F.: The architecture of cognitive control in the human prefrontal cortex. Science. 302, 1181–1185 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Polizzotto, M.L., Kocar, B.D., Benner, S.G., Sampson, M., Fendorf, S.: Near-surface wetland sediments as a source of arsenic release to ground water in Asia. Nature. 454, 505–508 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris, C.: Electricity Markets. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK (2006)
An edited book
Mahlich, J.C., Pascha, W. eds: Innovation and Technology in Korea: Challenges of a Newly Advanced Economy. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Ramasubramanian, K., Sriram, M.S.: Solar eclipse. In: Sriram, M.S. (ed.) Tantrasaṅgraha of Nīlakaṇṭha Somayājī. pp. 305–356. Springer, London (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Iceland Volcano Erupts After Weeks of Unrest


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Corrective Actions Taken or in Process To Reduce Job Corps’ Vulnerability to Improper Use of Contracting Authority. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1983)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cappell, S.D.: Systematic analysis of essential genes reveals new regulators of G protein signaling, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kirkpatrick, D.D., Hakim, D., Glanz, J.: ‘An Accident Waiting to Happen’: Blame in a Deadly London Fire, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Pseudodiffer. Oper. Appl.
ISSN (print)1662-9981
ISSN (online)1662-999X
Applied Mathematics

Other styles