How to format your references using the Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ohman, A.: Psychology. Conditioned fear of a face: a prelude to ethnic enmity? Science. 309, 711–713 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Watson, E.B., Harrison, T.M.: Zircon thermometer reveals minimum melting conditions on earliest Earth. Science. 308, 841–844 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Migliari, S., Fender, R., Méndez, M.: Iron emission lines from extended x-ray jets in SS 433: reheating of atomic nuclei. Science. 297, 1673–1676 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Holden, L.G., Prochnow, C., Chang, Y.P., Bransteitter, R., Chelico, L., Sen, U., Stevens, R.C., Goodman, M.F., Chen, X.S.: Crystal structure of the anti-viral APOBEC3G catalytic domain and functional implications. Nature. 456, 121–124 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smirnov, B.M.: Fundamentals of Ionized Gases. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2011)
An edited book
Tolk, A., Jain, L.C. eds: Intelligence-Based Systems Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Ryabov, V.V., Shevko, A.Y., Gora, M.P.: Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Traps. In: Shevko, A.Y. and Gora, M.P. (eds.) Trap Magmatism and Ore Formation in the Siberian Noril’sk Region: Volume 1. Trap Petrology. pp. 207–273. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications.

Blog post
Taub, B.: Smoking Cannabis While Pregnant May Increase Chance Of Babies Entering Intensive Care,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Major NIH Computer System: Poor Management Resulted in Unmet Scientists’ Needs and Wasted Millions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1991)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bermudez, D.: The effects of Hispanic parent-adolescent biculturalism disparity on male adolescent delinquency, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K.: Physically Unscathed, But Hardly Untouched, (2001)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Pseudodiffer. Oper. Appl.
ISSN (print)1662-9981
ISSN (online)1662-999X
Applied Mathematics

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