How to format your references using the Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bell, J.I.: The double helix in clinical practice. Nature. 421, 414–416 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Breidenbach, M.A., Brunger, A.T.: Substrate recognition strategy for botulinum neurotoxin serotype A. Nature. 432, 925–929 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Lestas, I., Vinnicombe, G., Paulsson, J.: Fundamental limits on the suppression of molecular fluctuations. Nature. 467, 174–178 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xu, X., Sun, B., Berman, P.R., Steel, D.G., Bracker, A.S., Gammon, D., Sham, L.J.: Coherent optical spectroscopy of a strongly driven quantum dot. Science. 317, 929–932 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King, J.A., Timacheff, S.: Digital Photography for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2008)
An edited book
Nardi, P.D.: Deep Pelvic Endometriosis: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Springer, Milano (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Šmehilová, M., Spíchal, L.: The Biotechnological Potential of Cytokinin Status Manipulation. In: Nick, P. and Opatrny, Z. (eds.) Applied Plant Cell Biology: Cellular Tools and Approaches for Plant Biotechnology. pp. 103–130. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: China’s Gargantuan Smog Problem Linked To Melting Arctic Ice,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Quality of Weather Forecasts and Opportunity for Improvements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheatley, B.A.: Leadership styles of healthcare executives: Comparisons of transformational, transactional, and passive-avoidant styles, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: In Russian Chill, Waiting Hours for a Touch of the Holy, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Pseudodiffer. Oper. Appl.
ISSN (print)1662-9981
ISSN (online)1662-999X
Applied Mathematics

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