How to format your references using the Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q.: Researchers rattled as Kyoto Protocol hangs in the balance. Nature. 423, 792 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Haque, S.A., Nelson, J.: Physics. Toward organic all-optical switching. Science. 327, 1466–1467 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Advani, M.J., Rajagopalan, M., Reddy, P.H.: Calmodulin-like protein from M. tuberculosis H37Rv is required during infection. Sci. Rep. 4, 6861 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Le, S., Chen, H., Cong, P., Lin, J., Dröge, P., Yan, J.: Mechanosensing of DNA bending in a single specific protein-DNA complex. Sci. Rep. 3, 3508 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanzo, L., Liew, T.H., Yeap, B.L.: Turbo Coding, Turbo Equalisation and Space-Time Coding. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
Bernstad Saraiva Schott, A.: Modern Solid Waste Management in Practice: The City of Malmö Experience. Springer, London (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Blewett, S.C.J., Phillips, D.: An Overview of Cape Fold Belt Geochronology: Implications for Sediment Provenance and the Timing of Orogenesis. In: Linol, B. and de Wit, M.J. (eds.) Origin and Evolution of the Cape Mountains and Karoo Basin. pp. 45–55. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: We’re All Mammals – So Why Do We Look So Different?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: DHS Needs to Further Define and Implement Its New Governance Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rakusin, L.L.: Intervening to reduce adolescent substance abuse: A grant proposal, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis, G.: Bringing Fresh Interpretations to Vintage Verdi and Handel, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications
AbbreviationJ. Pseudodiffer. Oper. Appl.
ISSN (print)1662-9981
ISSN (online)1662-999X
Applied Mathematics

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