How to format your references using the Journal of Chromatography A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chromatography A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Marchant, Consider all the evidence on alternative therapies, Nature. 526 (2015) 295.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Palleroni, M. Hauser, Experience-dependent plasticity for auditory processing in a raptor, Science. 299 (2003) 1195.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Whitmore, N.S. Foulkes, P. Sassone-Corsi, Light acts directly on organs and cells in culture to set the vertebrate circadian clock, Nature. 404 (2000) 87–91.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Colombo, S.W. Grill, R.J. Kimple, F.S. Willard, D.P. Siderovski, P. Gönczy, Translation of polarity cues into asymmetric spindle positioning in Caenorhabditis elegans embryos, Science. 300 (2003) 1957–1961.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Zirngibl, Antifungal Azoles, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
C. Meadows, C. Fernandez-Gago, eds., Security and Trust Management: 7th International Workshop, STM 2011, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 27-28, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Stellrecht, B. Han, M. Pecht, Characterization of Hygroscopic Deformations by Moiré Interferometry, in: X.J. Fan, E. Suhir (Eds.), Moisture Sensitivity of Plastic Packages of IC Devices, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010: pp. 113–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chromatography A.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Bacteria Can “Talk” To Each Other Using Electrical Signals, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: Metropolitan Area Acquisition Program Implementation and Management, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.G. Tabano, How Former Division I Student-Athletes Experienced Their Dual Undergraduate Roles: The Internal Competition for an Identity, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.B. Norton, Finding More Founders, New York Times. (2011) BR20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chromatography A
AbbreviationJ. Chromatogr. A
ISSN (print)0021-9673
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
General Medicine

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