How to format your references using the Journal of Chromatography A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chromatography A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Andolfatto, Adaptive evolution of non-coding DNA in Drosophila, Nature. 437 (2005) 1149–1152.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. Sanchez, D.H. Spector, Virology. CMV makes a timely exit, Science. 297 (2002) 778–779.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Yu, J. Ma, S. Han, Adsorption of tetracycline from aqueous solutions onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes with different oxygen contents, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5326.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Song, Y. Sun, J. Zeng, F. Wang, Automatic correction of hand pointing in stereoscopic depth, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7444.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Langlois, Simulation of Complex Systems in GIS, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
X. Wu, A. Clark, M. Campanelli, eds., Hadron Collider Physics 2005: Proceedings of the 1st Hadron Collider Physics Symposium, Les Diablerets, Switzerland, July 4-9, 2005, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Pirkwieser, G.R. Raidl, J. Puchinger, A Lagrangian Decomposition/Evolutionary Algorithm Hybrid for the Knapsack Constrained Maximum Spanning Tree Problem, in: C. Cotta, J. van Hemert (Eds.), Recent Advances in Evolutionary Computation for Combinatorial Optimization, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chromatography A.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Check Out These Utterly Beautiful Light Pillars, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, K-12 Education: Better Use of Information Could Help Agencies Identify Disparities and Address Racial Discrimination, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Reyes, Connections: A grant proposal for mothers struggling with substance abuse in the child welfare system, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Saving Sturgeon, And Caviar, New York Times. (2002) A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chromatography A
AbbreviationJ. Chromatogr. A
ISSN (print)0021-9673
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
General Medicine

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