How to format your references using the Journal of Porous Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Porous Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. N. Gilbert, Nature 480, S98 (2011).
A journal article with 2 authors
1. J. Jing and L.-A. Wu, Sci. Rep. 3, 2746 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
1. M. L. Suvà, N. Riggi, and B. E. Bernstein, Science 339, 1567 (2013).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Q. Liu, T. A. Rand, S. Kalidas, F. Du, H.-E. Kim, D. P. Smith, and X. Wang, Science 301, 1921 (2003).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. M. Benslama, H. Batatia, and A. Messai, Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016).
An edited book
1. J. Varon, Acute and Critical Care Formulas and Laboratory Values (Springer, New York, NY, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
1. F. Piroi and A. Winterhof, in Applied Algebra, Algebraic Algorithms and Error-Correcting Codes: 16th International Symposium, AAECC-16, Las Vegas, NV, USA, February 20-24, 2006. Proceedings, edited by M. P. C. Fossorier, H. Imai, S. Lin, and A. Poli (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006), pp. 60–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Porous Materials.

Blog post
1. T. Hale, IFLScience (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 12 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. J. Paredes, Critical Support for Central American Newcomer Youth and Schooling in One Southern California High School, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. G. Vecsey, New York Times B15 (2011).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Porous Materials
AbbreviationJ. Porous Mater.
ISSN (print)1380-2224
ISSN (online)1573-4854
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science

Other styles