How to format your references using the European Urology Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Urology Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Malley BW. Molecular biology. Little molecules with big goals. Science 2006;313:1749–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chambers JQ, Roberts DA. Ecology: drought in the congo basin. Nature 2014;509:36–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fahrner KA, Ryu WS, Berg HC. Biomechanics: bacterial flagellar switching under load. Nature 2003;423:938.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Koscheev AP, Gromov MD, Mohapatra RK, Ott U. History of trace gases in presolar diamonds inferred from ion-implantation experiments. Nature 2001;412:615–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
AIChE technical manual. Dow’s Chemical Exposure Index Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1998.
An edited book
Embree L, Nenon T, editors. Husserl’s Ideen. vol. 66. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim J, Mochly-Rosen D. Regulation of PKC by Protein–Protein Interactions in Cancer. In: Kazanietz MG, editor. Protein Kinase C in Cancer Signaling and Therapy, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2010, p. 79–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Urology Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew E. It’s Time To Fix Our Outdated Guidelines For Human Vaccine Trials. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Vulnerability of the Computer Society. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Komatsuzaki T. Borrowing constraints and the business cycle in emerging markets. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin S. Who Is Watching the Watch Lists? New York Times 2013:SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Urology Oncology
ISSN (print)2588-9311

Other styles