How to format your references using the European Urology Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Urology Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moran M. WHO plans for neglected diseases are wrong. Nature 2014;506:267.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lobell DB, Asner GP. Climate and management contributions to recent trends in U.S. agricultural yields. Science 2003;299:1032.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li Z, Marsiglio F, Carbotte JP. Vanishing of interband light absorption in a persistent spin helix state. Sci Rep 2013;3:2828.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Marquardt H, Speziale S, Reichmann HJ, Frost DJ, Schilling FR, Garnero EJ. Elastic shear anisotropy of ferropericlase in Earth’s lower mantle. Science 2009;324:224–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rieth M. Pharmazeutische Mikrobiologie. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
Quarteroni A, editor. Modeling the Heart and the Circulatory System. vol. 14. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
d’Andréa-Novel B, De Lara M. Stability of an Equilibrium Point. In: De Lara M, editor. Control Theory for Engineers: A Primer, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 71–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Urology Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Paralyzed Woman Moves Thought Controlled Robotic Arm With Immense Precision. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Customs Service Modernization: Impact of New Trade Compliance Strategy Needs to Be Assessed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Orozco M. Music preference and its effects on emotion processes and identity development in young adult females: An examination of the “emo” subculture. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gates A. One Despicable, Another Disdainful. New York Times 2013:CT10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Urology Oncology
ISSN (print)2588-9311

Other styles