How to format your references using the European Urology Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Urology Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Müller B. Physics. The limits of ordinary matter. Science 2011;332:1513–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
King M-C, Motulsky AG. Human genetics. Mapping human history. Science 2002;298:2342–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li A, Wu B, Wang L. Cooperation with both synergistic and local interactions can be worse than each alone. Sci Rep 2014;4:5536.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vásquez V, Sotomayor M, Cordero-Morales J, Schulten K, Perozo E. A structural mechanism for MscS gating in lipid bilayers. Science 2008;321:1210–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mead DE. Becoming a Marriage and Family Therapist. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
Clerke T. Doing Ethnography in Teams: A Case Study of Asymmetries in Collaborative Research. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Seegenschmiedt MH, Panizzon RG. Radiation Therapy of Nonmalignant Skin Disorders. In: Panizzon RG, Seegenschmiedt MH, editors. Radiation Treatment and Radiation Reactions in Dermatology, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015, p. 43–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Urology Oncology.

Blog post
Fang J. Climate Change Could Stir Up Competition For Plants Living In The Swiss Alps. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. No Child Left Behind Act: Education Could Do More to Help States Better Define Graduation Rates and Improve Knowledge about Intervention Strategies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tran A. A psychoeducational program on hoarding within the Vietnamese community: Grant writing proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Guardian Angels Welcome in Greenport. New York Times 2006:14LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Urology Oncology
ISSN (print)2588-9311

Other styles