How to format your references using the Journal of Polymers and the Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Polymers and the Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
White MC (2012) Chemistry. Adding aliphatic C-H bond oxidations to synthesis. Science 335:807–809
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
van’t Veer LJ, Bernards R (2008) Enabling personalized cancer medicine through analysis of gene-expression patterns. Nature 452:564–570
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Schuck C, Pernice WHP, Tang HX (2013) Waveguide integrated low noise NbTiN nanowire single-photon detectors with milli-Hz dark count rate. Sci Rep 3:1893
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Morton PE, Hicks A, Nastos T, et al (2013) CAR regulates epithelial cell junction stability through control of E-cadherin trafficking. Sci Rep 3:2889

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rossner W, Graubner C-A (2012) Spannbetonbauwerke. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Boca P, Bowen JP, Siddiqi J (2010) Formal Methods: State of the Art and New Directions. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Takayama T (2015) System and Procedure of Nonocclusion Type of Angioscopy. In: Mizuno K, Takano M (eds) Coronary Angioscopy. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 57–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Polymers and the Environment.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2014) Medical Marijuana Shows Promise Against Autoimmune Diseases. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2006) Aviation Security: Enhancements Made in Passenger and Checked Baggage Screening, but Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Heyen C (2015) Two predictors of smoking behaviors in the LGBTQ population: Anxiety and internalized homophobia. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Novick SM (2013) As Cheese or Chocolate, Comfort Comes Melted. New York Times LI8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Polymers and the Environment
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Polym. Degrad.
ISSN (print)1566-2543
ISSN (online)1572-8900
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles