How to format your references using the Journal of Polymers and the Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Polymers and the Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Herculano-Houzel S (2013) Neuroscience. Sleep it out. Science 342:316–317
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Brei B, Fish D (2003) Comment on “Parasites as a viability cost of sexual selection in natural populations of mammals.” Science 300:55; author reply 55
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sackmann EK, Fulton AL, Beebe DJ (2014) The present and future role of microfluidics in biomedical research. Nature 507:181–189
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Paillaud J-L, Harbuzaru B, Patarin J, Bats N (2004) Extra-large-pore zeolites with two-dimensional channels formed by 14 and 12 rings. Science 304:990–992

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kuus M (2013) Geopolitics and Expertise. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
1.
Choi L, Paek Y, Cho S (2007) Advances in Computer Systems Architecture: 12th Asia-Pacific Conference, ACSAC 2007, Seoul, Korea, August 23-25, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bernardini D, de la Peña DM, Bemporad A, Frazzoli E (2009) Simultaneous Optimal Control and Discrete Stochastic Sensor Selection. In: Majumdar R, Tabuada P (eds) Hybrid Systems: Computation and Control: 12th International Conference, HSCC 2009, San Francisco, CA, USA, April 13-15, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 61–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Polymers and the Environment.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2017) Why Are Pandas Black And White? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2006) Freight Railroads: Preliminary Observations on Rates, Competition, and Capacity Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ciolek R (2017) A Mixed Method Study on the Missouri Beginning Teachers Assistance Program and Teacher Retention in Saint Louis School Districts. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Philpott ML (2017) Finding What I Need at the Mall. New York Times SR10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Polymers and the Environment
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Polym. Degrad.
ISSN (print)1566-2543
ISSN (online)1572-8900
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles