How to format your references using the Journal of Polymers and the Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Polymers and the Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pickett CJ (2014) Biochemistry. Making the H-cluster from scratch. Science 343:378–379
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kalcheim C, Rohrer H (2014) Neuroscience. Following the same nerve track toward different cell fates. Science 345:32–33
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Purohit P, Mitra A, Auerbach A (2007) A stepwise mechanism for acetylcholine receptor channel gating. Nature 446:930–933
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Caley T, Extier T, Collins JA, et al (2018) A two-million-year-long hydroclimatic context for hominin evolution in southeastern Africa. Nature 560:76–79

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Glover F, Klingman D, Phillips NV (1992) Network Models in Optimization and their Applications in Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Almeida RMSF (2015) School Buildings Rehabilitation: Indoor Environmental Quality and Enclosure Optimization. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Leckie FA, Bello DJD (2009) Axial Members and Pressure Vessels. In: Leckie FA (ed) Strength and Stiffness of Engineering Systems. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 1–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Polymers and the Environment.

Blog post
1.
Hale T (2017) Motorcyclists Appear To Come Across A “Tribesman” In Indonesian Forest. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/motorcyclists-appear-to-come-across-a-tribesman-in-indonesian-forest/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1976) Coordination of Government Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mahan CP (2010) First to the finish line: A case study of first generation baccalaureate degree completers in the University of Maryland Student Support Services program. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Eligon J, Blinder A, Najar N (2017) Drinks at a Bar, Ethnic Insults, Then Gunshots. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Polymers and the Environment
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Polym. Degrad.
ISSN (print)1566-2543
ISSN (online)1572-8900
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles