How to format your references using the Journal of Polymers and the Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Polymers and the Environment (J Polym Environ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson RC (2000) The Great Goodbye. Nature 407:303
A journal article with 2 authors
Hirschberg J, Manning CD (2015) Advances in natural language processing. Science 349:261–266
A journal article with 3 authors
Kulmala M, Pirjola L, Makela JM (2000) Stable sulphate clusters as a source of new atmospheric particles. Nature 404:66–69
A journal article with 5 or more authors
La Rocca M, Creager KC, Galluzzo D, et al (2009) Cascadia tremor located near plate interface constrained by S minus P wave times. Science 323:620–623

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezg N, Dellagi S, Khatab A (2014) Joint Optimization of Maintenance and Production Policies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Demengel F (2012) Functional Spaces for the Theory of Elliptic Partial Differential Equations. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Tempesta T (2013) Landscape and Economy. In: Agnoletti M (ed) Italian Historical Rural Landscapes: Cultural Values for the Environment and Rural Development. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 153–164

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Polymers and the Environment.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) White Dwarf Stars Eat Their Planets. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Guidelines for Survey of the Pricing of Negotiated Noncompetitive DOD Prime Contracts With McDonnell Douglas and Raytheon and NASA Prime Contracts With General Electric. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amanoua KP (2014) Langue et identité dans les milieux populaires québécois et antillais. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Teachable Moments About Corruption. New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Polymers and the Environment
AbbreviationJ. Environ. Polym. Degrad.
ISSN (print)1566-2543
ISSN (online)1572-8900
ScopeEnvironmental Engineering
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles