How to format your references using the Journal of the Egyptian Mathematical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Egyptian Mathematical Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Olby, Quiet debut for the double helix, Nature. 421 (2003) 402–405.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.O. Mudd, D.A. Kass, Tackling heart failure in the twenty-first century, Nature. 451 (2008) 919–928.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Khudiyev, T. Dogan, M. Bayindir, Biomimicry of multifunctional nanostructures in the neck feathers of mallard (Anas platyrhynchos L.) drakes, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4718.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.-L. Asselin-Labat, F. Vaillant, J.M. Sheridan, B. Pal, D. Wu, E.R. Simpson, H. Yasuda, G.K. Smyth, T.J. Martin, G.J. Lindeman, J.E. Visvader, Control of mammary stem cell function by steroid hormone signalling, Nature. 465 (2010) 798–802.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B.R. Martin, Nuclear and Particle Physics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
N. Keyfitz, Applied Mathematical Demography, Third Edition, Springer, New York, NY, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Constantin, A. Dogan, O. Andersson, P. Meinerzhagen, J. Rodrigues, D. Atienza, A. Burg, An Ultra-Low-Power Application-Specific Processor with Sub-VT Memories for Compressed Sensing, in: A. Burg, A. Coṣkun, M. Guthaus, S. Katkoori, R. Reis (Eds.), VLSI-SoC: From Algorithms to Circuits and System-on-Chip Design: 20th IFIP WG 10.5/IEEE International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration, VLSI-SoC 2012, Santa Cruz, CA, USA, October 7-10, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 88–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Egyptian Mathematical Society.

Blog post
T. Hale, Check Out This Remote Control SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Nail Its Landing, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Financial Management Systems: DHS Faces Challenges to Successfully Consolidating Its Existing Disparate Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.M. Rodriguez, Navy Supply Corps officer’s perspective on effective leadership, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Baseball; Mets Face Pitching Decisions, New York Times. (2017) B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Egyptian Mathematical Society
AbbreviationJ. Egyptian Math. Soc.
ISSN (print)1110-256X

Other styles