How to format your references using the Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mocumbi, P. (2004). Plague of my people. Nature, 430(7002), 925.
A journal article with 2 authors
Destexhe, A., & Contreras, D. (2006). Neuronal computations with stochastic network states. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5796), 85–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nam, J.-M., Thaxton, C. S., & Mirkin, C. A. (2003). Nanoparticle-based bio-bar codes for the ultrasensitive detection of proteins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5641), 1884–1886.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tigges, M., Marquez-Lago, T. T., Stelling, J., & Fussenegger, M. (2009). A tunable synthetic mammalian oscillator. Nature, 457(7227), 309–312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shuttleworth, W. J. (2012). Terrestrial Hydrometeorology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Velazquez, J. L. P., & Wennberg, R. (Eds.). (2009). Coordinated Activity in the Brain: Measurements and Relevance to Brain Function and Behavior (Vol. 2). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Balamohan, B., Flocchini, P., Miri, A., & Santoro, N. (2010). Time Optimal Algorithms for Black Hole Search in Rings. In W. Wu & O. Daescu (Eds.), Combinatorial Optimization and Applications: 4th International Conference, COCOA 2010, Kailua-Kona, HI, USA, December 18-20, 2010, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 58–71). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 9). How The Last Two Montserrat 'Mountain Chicken’ Frogs Could Save Their Species. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). NASA’s Resource Data Base and Techniques for Supporting, Planning, and Controlling Programs Need Improvement (No. PSAD-77-78). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Selph, C. S. (2015). Origins of Music Programs in Liberal Arts Institutions: The Story of Three Florida Catholic Universities (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, March 27). Detainee Case Will Pose Delicate Question for Court. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mocumbi, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Destexhe & Contreras, 2006; Mocumbi, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Destexhe & Contreras, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Nam, Thaxton, & Mirkin, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tigges, Marquez-Lago, Stelling, & Fussenegger, 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events
ISSN (print)1940-7963
ISSN (online)1940-7971
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Geography, Planning and Development

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