How to format your references using the Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Astudillo Besnier, P. (2014). Chile needs better science governance and support. Nature, 511(7510), 385.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wulf, W. A., & Jones, A. K. (2009). Computer science. Reflections on cybersecurity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5955), 943–944.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoffecker, J. F., Elias, S. A., & O’Rourke, D. H. (2014). Anthropology. Out of Beringia? Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6174), 979–980.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mitra, K., Schaffitzel, C., Shaikh, T., Tama, F., Jenni, S., Brooks, C. L., 3rd, … Frank, J. (2005). Structure of the E. coli protein-conducting channel bound to a translating ribosome. Nature, 438(7066), 318–324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deroussi, L. (2016). Metaheuristics for Logistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Berkowitz, L., & McCarthy, C. (Eds.). (2013). Innovation with Information Technologies in Healthcare. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Türkay, M., Kawai, T., Sonnewald, M., & Cumberlidge, N. (2016). A Brief History of Freshwater Crab Research. In T. Kawai & N. Cumberlidge (Eds.), A Global Overview of the Conservation of Freshwater Decapod Crustaceans (pp. 115–126). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, September 26). Greenland’s Ice Loss Has Been Massively Underestimated. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Federal-Aid Highways: States Need Guidance on Sales or Leases of Real Property Purchased with Federal Funds (No. GAO-03-207). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klepper, E. M. (2017). Andragogy and Workplace Relationships: A Mixed-Methods Study Exploring Employees’ Perceptions of Their Relationships with Their Supervisors (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, June 1). Sami Blood. New York Times, p. C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mooij, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Harberd, 2003; Turnpenny, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wulf & Jones, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Hoffecker, Elias, & O’Rourke, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Brody et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events
ISSN (print)1940-7963
ISSN (online)1940-7971
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
Geography, Planning and Development

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