How to format your references using the Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chase, J. M. (2010). Stochastic community assembly causes higher biodiversity in more productive environments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5984), 1388–1391.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schofield, R. M. S., & Nesson, M. H. (2003). Comment on “High abrasion resistance with sparse mineralization: copper biomineral in worm jaws.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5636), 1049; author reply 1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klak, C., Reeves, G., & Hedderson, T. (2004). Unmatched tempo of evolution in Southern African semi-desert ice plants. Nature, 427(6969), 63–65.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hirana, Y., Juhasz, G., Miyauchi, Y., Mouri, S., Matsuda, K., & Nakashima, N. (2013). Empirical prediction of electronic potentials of single-walled carbon nanotubes with a specific chirality (n,m). Scientific Reports, 3, 2959.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gupta, K. M., & Gupta, N. (2015). Advanced Electrical and Electronics Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Villiers, E.-M. de, & Hausen, H. Z. (Eds.). (2009). TT Viruses: The Still Elusive Human Pathogens (Vol. 331). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Acet, M., Spasova, M., & Elsukova, A. (2012). Diffusion Enhancement in FePt Nanoparticles for L1 $0$ Stability. In A. Lorke, M. Winterer, R. Schmechel, & C. Schulz (Eds.), Nanoparticles from the Gasphase: Formation, Structure, Properties (pp. 123–138). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, May 10). Scientists Develop Polymer That Can Be Applied To The Skin To Temporarily Erase Wrinkles. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Possible Irregularities in the Operation of a Former Neighborhood Youth Corps Project (B-130515). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blumenthal, P. M. (2014). Local Land Use Regulatory Regimes and Residential Development Outcomes: An Analysis of Subdivision Review in Four Counties in the DC Region [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, December 6). Court Rejects Interpretation Of Immigration Drug Law. New York Times, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chase, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Chase, 2010; Schofield & Nesson, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schofield & Nesson, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Klak et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hirana et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism
ISSN (print)1833-5330
ISSN (online)2159-5364
Political Science and International Relations

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