How to format your references using the Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sowers, T. (2006). Late Quaternary atmospheric CH4 isotope record suggests marine clathrates are stable. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5762), 838–840.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diamond, A., & Lee, K. (2011). Interventions shown to aid executive function development in children 4 to 12 years old. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6045), 959–964.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, S.-H., Chen, W.-R., & Mallamace, F. (2003). The glass-to-glass transition and its end point in a copolymer micellar system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5619), 619–622.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, Z.-H., Wild, T., Xiong, Y., Sylvers, P., Zhang, Y., Zhang, L., Wahl, L., Wahl, S. M., Kozlowski, S., & Notkins, A. L. (2013). Polyreactive antibodies plus complement enhance the phagocytosis of cells made apoptotic by UV-light or HIV. Scientific Reports, 3, 2271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garduno Barrera, D., & Diaz, M. (2011). Communicating Systems with UML 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zutshi, M. (Ed.). (2016). Anorectal Disease: Contemporary Management. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Carter, C. B., & Norton, M. G. (2013). Models, Crystals, and Chemistry. In M. G. Norton (Ed.), Ceramic Materials: Science and Engineering (pp. 73–88). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, October 5). Scientists Reconstruct Most Detailed Life History Of Any Dinosaur Known So Far. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Intercollegiate Athletics: Trends by Sport in National Collegiate Athletic Association Sports, an E-supplement to GAO-07-535 (GAO-07-744SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herron, M. (2013). Prescripton labels: Do you know what medication you are taking? [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2017, April 15). Apologies. Really. And I Will Definitely Grow Up. New York Times, BU14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sowers, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Diamond & Lee, 2011; Sowers, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Diamond & Lee, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Chen et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism
ISSN (print)1833-5330
ISSN (online)2159-5364
Political Science and International Relations

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