How to format your references using the Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Murphy, K. M. (2011). Comment on “Activation of β-catenin in dendritic cells regulates immunity versus tolerance in the intestine.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6041), 405; author reply 405.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yu, T., & Eberly, J. H. (2009). Sudden death of entanglement. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5914), 598–601.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, S.-C., Lo, Y.-C., & Wu, H. (2010). Helical assembly in the MyD88-IRAK4-IRAK2 complex in TLR/IL-1R signalling. Nature, 465(7300), 885–890.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, S., Zhou, D., Lu, M. M., & Morrisey, E. E. (2004). Advanced cardiac morphogenesis does not require heart tube fusion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5690), 1619–1622.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rohde, U. L., Jain, G. C., Poddar, A. K., & Ghosh, A. K. (2011). Introduction to Integral Calculus. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Byeon, O.-H., Kwon, J. H., Dunning, T., Cho, K. W., & Savoy-Navarro, A. (Eds.). (2010). Future Application and Middleware Technology on e-Science. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Sánchez-Silva, M., & Klutke, G.-A. (2016). Degradation: Data Analysis and Analytical Modeling. In G.-A. Klutke (Ed.), Reliability and Life-Cycle Analysis of Deteriorating Systems (pp. 79–116). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 20). This Is What The Skeletons Of Famous Cartoon Characters Would Look Like. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s Role in Major Airport Noise Programs (No. RCED-00-98). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, O. (2014). Gender and Crew Resource Management: A Phenomenological Qualitative Study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2005, June 4). Business Briefing | Russian Gas Monopoly Buys Newspaper. New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Murphy, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Murphy, 2011; Yu & Eberly, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yu & Eberly, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Lin, Lo, & Wu, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li, Zhou, Lu, & Morrisey, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism
ISSN (print)1833-5330
ISSN (online)2159-5364
Political Science and International Relations

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