How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang J (2011) Genome-sequencing anniversary. Personal genomes: for one and for all. Science 331:690
A journal article with 2 authors
Pimm SL, Brown JH (2004) Ecology. Domains of diversity. Science 304:831–833
A journal article with 3 authors
Allanore A, Yin L, Sadoway DR (2013) A new anode material for oxygen evolution in molten oxide electrolysis. Nature 497:353–356
A journal article with 5 or more authors
van Groenigen JW, Lubbers IM, Vos HMJ, et al (2014) Earthworms increase plant production: a meta-analysis. Sci Rep 4:6365

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steenbarger BN (2015) Trading Psychology 2.0. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Spearman P, Freed EO (eds) (2009) HIV Interactions with Host Cell Proteins. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Sivanandam SN, Deepa SN (2008) Classification of Genetic Algorithm. In: Deepa SN (ed) Introduction to Genetic Algorithms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 105–129

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Research.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) “Toothless” 400 Million-Year-Old Fish Fossil Hints At Later Origin Of Teeth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) NASA Workforce: Responses to Follow-up Questions regarding the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Use of Term Appointments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eskridge RD (2012) Municipal government: Does institutional structural reform make a difference in local government? Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) DeGrom Goes Where No Mets Starter Has This Year: The 9th Inning. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Pimm and Brown 2004; Wang 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pimm and Brown 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (van Groenigen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Research
AbbreviationJ. Plant Res.
ISSN (print)0918-9440
ISSN (online)1618-0860
ScopePlant Science

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