How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith DR (2014) Metamaterials. A cloaking coating for murky media. Science 345:384–385
A journal article with 2 authors
Giles J, Knight J (2003) Dolly’s death leaves researchers woolly on clone ageing issue. Nature 421:776
A journal article with 3 authors
Hellberg ME, Balch DP, Roy K (2001) Climate-driven range expansion and morphological evolution in a marine gastropod. Science 292:1707–1710
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kim SJ, Kim YS, Yuan JP, et al (2003) Activation of the TRPC1 cation channel by metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR1. Nature 426:285–291

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singer B, Fedorinchik G (2009) Investment Leadership and Portfolio Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Laisk A, Nedbal L, Govindjee (eds) (2009) Photosynthesis in silico: Understanding Complexity from Molecules to Ecosystems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Kuś Z, Nawrat A (2013) Object Tracking in a Picture during Rapid Camera Movements. In: Nawrat A, Kuś Z (eds) Vision Based Systemsfor UAV Applications. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, pp 77–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Seals Caught Having Sex With Penguins. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Programs at the U.S. Army School of the Americas in Panama. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheaton HF (2012) The Relationship between Team Captains’ Leadership Styles and Team Performance. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR N (2015) Conspiracy Theories Mix With Somber Condolences. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Giles and Knight 2003; Smith 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Giles and Knight 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Research
AbbreviationJ. Plant Res.
ISSN (print)0918-9440
ISSN (online)1618-0860
ScopePlant Science

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