How to format your references using the Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kotliar, G. 2003. “Physics. Driving the electron over the edge.” Science, 302 (5642): 67–69.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mullins, C. B., and G. O. Sitz. 2008. “Chemistry. Taking a selective bite out of methane.” Science, 319 (5864): 736–737.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fischer, J., J. Baumgartner, and C. Marschner. 2005. “Synthesis and structure of sila-adamantane.” Science, 310 (5749): 825.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aulanier, G., L. Golub, E. E. Deluca, J. W. Cirtain, R. Kano, L. L. Lundquist, N. Narukage, T. Sakao, and M. A. Weber. 2007. “Slipping magnetic reconnection in coronal loops.” Science, 318 (5856): 1588–1591.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yu, J., and D. Tao. 2013. Modern Machine Learning Techniques and Their Applications in Cartoon Animation Research. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Perroud, T. 2013. Enterprise Architecture Patterns: Practical Solutions for Recurring IT-Architecture Problems. (R. Inversini, ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Takahashi, N., and T. Miyazaki. 2006. “INTERACTION BETWEEN A COLUMNAR VORTEX AND EXTERNAL TURBULENCE.” IUTAM Symposium on Elementary Vortices and Coherent Structures: Significance in Turbulence Dynamics: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held at Kyoto International Community House, Kyoto, Japan, 26-28 October 2004, Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications, S. Kida, ed., 31–38. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016. “Now We Can Edit Life Itself, We Need To Ask How We Should Use Such Technology.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Computer-Based Patient Records: Short-Term Progress Made, but Much Work Remains to Achieve a Two-Way Data Exchange Between VA and DOD Health Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herman, G. S. 2013. “Terahertz local oscillator via difference frequency generation in iii-v semiconductors using frequency stabilized lasers.” Doctoral dissertation. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 2003. “MOSCOW: THE BALLERINA SUES.” New York Times, October 27, 2003.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kotliar 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kotliar 2003; Mullins and Sitz 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mullins and Sitz 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Aulanier et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice
ISSN (print)1949-1190
ISSN (online)1949-1204
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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