How to format your references using the Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharon, E. 2012. “Materials science. Swell approaches for changing polymer shapes.” Science, 335 (6073): 1179–1180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rieux-Laucat, F., and J.-L. Casanova. 2014. “Immunology. Autoimmunity by haploinsufficiency.” Science, 345 (6204): 1560–1561.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karsai, M., N. Perra, and A. Vespignani. 2014. “Time varying networks and the weakness of strong ties.” Sci. Rep., 4: 4001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lima, M. D., S. Fang, X. Lepró, C. Lewis, R. Ovalle-Robles, J. Carretero-González, E. Castillo-Martínez, M. E. Kozlov, J. Oh, N. Rawat, C. S. Haines, M. H. Haque, V. Aare, S. Stoughton, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman. 2011. “Biscrolling nanotube sheets and functional guests into yarns.” Science, 331 (6013): 51–55.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen, T. 2012. Investing in the High Yield Municipal Market. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Romero, A. J. 2014. Preventing Adolescent Depression and Suicide Among Latinas: Resilience Research and Theory. SpringerBriefs in Psychology, (L. M. Edwards, S. Bauman, and M. K. Ritter, eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rahmandoust, M., and M. R. Ayatollahi. 2016. “CNT-Based Nanocomposites.” Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Based Composites under Consideration of Defects, Advanced Structured Materials, M. R. Ayatollahi, ed., 117–175. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2016. “World’s Oldest Ground Axe Discovered In Australia.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Space Shuttle: Changes to the Solid Rocket Motor Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tam, R. 2013. “Adaptation of AspectJ for C sharp.” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. 2003. “Bronze Star: Gregg LeFevre Is the City’s Busiest Public Sculptor.” New York Times, February 16, 2003.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharon 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Rieux-Laucat and Casanova 2014; Sharon 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rieux-Laucat and Casanova 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lima et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice
ISSN (print)1949-1190
ISSN (online)1949-1204
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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