How to format your references using the Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2015). “And the winner is: not science.” Nature, 518(7538), 139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scully, R., and Livingston, D. M. (2000). “In search of the tumour-suppressor functions of BRCA1 and BRCA2.” Nature, 408(6811), 429–432.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gibbs, M. J., Armstrong, J. S., and Gibbs, A. J. (2001). “Recombination in the hemagglutinin gene of the 1918 ‘Spanish flu.’” Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5536), 1842–1845.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, J., Perebeinos, V., Freitag, M., Tsang, J., Fu, Q., Liu, J., and Avouris, P. (2005). “Bright infrared emission from electrically induced excitons in carbon nanotubes.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5751), 1171–1174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahlemeyer-Stubbe, A., and Coleman, S. (2014). A Practical Guide to Data Mining for Business and Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Malone, T. (2016). Adapting War Horse: Cognition, the Spectator, and a Sense of Play. (C. Jackman, ed.), Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Moghaddam, B., and Pehrson, A. L. (2010). “Disinhibition of Prefrontal Cortex Neurons in Schizophrenia.” Advances in Schizophrenia Research 2009, W. F. Gattaz and G. Busatto, eds., Springer, New York, NY, 99–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “Premature Birth Linked With Lower Wealth: How Education Could Help Bridge The Gap.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Department of Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelly, J. C. (2012). “The fluid evolution of the Mount Mica and Irish Pit pegmatites, Maine: Evidence from stable isotopes.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). “Loss to Nationals Brings Reminders of Early Season Demons.” New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2015; Scully and Livingston 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scully and Livingston 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice
ISSN (print)1949-1190
ISSN (online)1949-1204
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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