How to format your references using the Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schilling, G. (2000). “PLANETARY SCIENCE: Imaging Spat Pits Amateur Against Pros.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5474), 2110–2111.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rauschecker, J. P., and Shannon, R. V. (2002). “Sending sound to the brain.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5557), 1025–1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dreger, D. S., Ford, S. R., and Walter, W. R. (2008). “Source analysis of the Crandall Canyon, Utah, mine collapse.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5886), 217.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Döring, V., Mootz, H. D., Nangle, L. A., Hendrickson, T. L., de Crécy-Lagard, V., Schimmel, P., and Marlière, P. (2001). “Enlarging the amino acid set of Escherichia coli by infiltration of the valine coding pathway.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5516), 501–504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Qu, D. (2016). Manufacturing and Managing Customer-Driven Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Chen, J. (2015). Research Report on Corporate Social Responsibility of China. Current Chinese Economic Report Series, (Q. Huang, H. Peng, and H. Zhong, eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Stoimenov, N., Chakraborty, S., and Thiele, L. (2012). “Interface-Based Design of Real-Time Systems.” Advances in Real-Time Systems, S. Chakraborty and J. Eberspächer, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 83–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). “16 Ridiculous ‘Facts’ About Animals You Should Really Stop Repeating.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak’s Financial Viability Continues to Be Threatened. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zacher, B. (2013). “The roles of electrode contacts in organic photovoltaics.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz, M., Winerip, M., and Gebeloff, R. (2016). “The Scourge of Racial Bias in New York State’s Prisons.” New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cavin 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Joyce 2002; Livio 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rauschecker and Shannon 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Dehaene et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice
ISSN (print)1949-1190
ISSN (online)1949-1204
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles