How to format your references using the Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J. (2015). “Artificial intelligence. The synthetic therapist.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6245), 250–251.
A journal article with 2 authors
Collinge, J., and Clarke, A. R. (2007). “A general model of prion strains and their pathogenicity.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5852), 930–936.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oh, J. S., Susor, A., and Conti, M. (2011). “Protein tyrosine kinase Wee1B is essential for metaphase II exit in mouse oocytes.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6028), 462–465.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Van Oost, K., Govers, G., Quine, T. A., and Heckrath, G. (2004). “Comment on ‘Managing soil carbon’ (I).” Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5690), 1567; author reply 1567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atherton, J., Gil, F., and Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2008). Incidents That Define Process Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nies, D. H., and Silver, S. (Eds.). (2007). Molecular Microbiology of Heavy Metals. Microbiology Monographs, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Abbott, A. G., Arús, P., and Scorza, R. (2007). “Peach.” Fruits and Nuts, Genome Mapping and Molecular Breeding in Plants, C. Kole, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 137–156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). “Cockroach Milk Could Make A Nutritious Meal In The Future.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Audit by the District of Columbia’s Office of Municipal Audit and Inspection of the Expenditure of Funds by the District of Columbia Public Schools During Fiscal Years 1970 and 1971. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gerhart, T. (2013). “Convex optimization techniques and their application in hyperspectral video processing.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarke, J. (2016). “Surf’s Up, Finally, for Women at America’s Premier Big-Wave Competition.” New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bohannon 2015; Collinge and Clarke 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Collinge and Clarke 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Van Oost et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice
ISSN (print)1949-1190
ISSN (online)1949-1204
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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