How to format your references using the Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2015). “The future of science will soon be upon us.” Nature, 524(7564), 137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spradling, A. C., and Zheng, Y. (2007). “Developmental biology. The mother of all stem cells?” Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5811), 469–470.
A journal article with 3 authors
Magavi, S. S., Leavitt, B. R., and Macklis, J. D. (2000). “Induction of neurogenesis in the neocortex of adult mice.” Nature, 405(6789), 951–955.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Janzen, V., Forkert, R., Fleming, H. E., Saito, Y., Waring, M. T., Dombkowski, D. M., Cheng, T., DePinho, R. A., Sharpless, N. E., and Scadden, D. T. (2006). “Stem-cell ageing modified by the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p16INK4a.” Nature, 443(7110), 421–426.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grist, F. (2010). Basic Guide to Orthodontic Dental Nursing. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Albers, B., and Kuczma, M. (Eds.). (2016). Continuous Media with Microstructure 2. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Feinäugle, C. A. (2010). “The UN Security Council Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee: Emerging Principles of International Institutional Law for the Protection of Individuals?” The Exercise of Public Authority by International Institutions: Advancing International Institutional Law, Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht, A. von Bogdandy, R. Wolfrum, J. von Bernstorff, P. Dann, and M. Goldmann, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 101–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). “Antidepressants May Not Be As Effective As We Thought, And Shouldn’t Be The Only Treatment For Depression.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Environmental Cleanup Costs: NASA Is Making Progress in Identifying Contamination, but More Effort Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, K. M. (2008). “Meanings of ‘design’ in instructional technology: A conceptual analysis based on the field’s foundational literature.” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, K. (2017). “Foes Get Together, and No One’s Fighting Like ….” New York Times, SP11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2015; Spradling and Zheng 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Spradling and Zheng 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Janzen et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice
ISSN (print)1949-1190
ISSN (online)1949-1204
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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