How to format your references using the Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hashmi A S K 2012 Chemistry. Sub-nanosized gold catalysts Science 338 1434
A journal article with 2 authors
Holme R and de Viron O 2013 Characterization and implications of intradecadal variations in length of day Nature 499 202–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Lecavelier des Etangs A, Vidal-Madjar A and Désert J-M 2008 The origin of hydrogen around HD 209458b Nature 456 E1; discussion E1-2
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Lévy F, Sheikin I, Grenier B and Huxley A D 2005 Magnetic field-induced superconductivity in the ferromagnet URhGe Science 309 1343–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adamowicz Z and Zbierski P 1997 Logic of Mathematics (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Sharp C and Tackett J L 2014 Handbook of Borderline Personality Disorder in Children and Adolescents (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Ortner H, Ustaszewski M and Rittner M 2009 Late jurassic tectonics and sedimentation: breccias in the Unken syncline, central Northern Calcareous Alps Orogenic Processes in the Alpine Collision Zone ed N Froitzheim and S M Schmid (Basel: Birkhäuser) pp S55–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics.

Blog post
Luntz S 2016 Snake In A Christmas Tree Confirms World’s Suspicions About Australia IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1992 Department of Education Grant Award (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amin R M 2010 Detecting targeted malicious email through supervised classification of persistent threat and recipient oriented features Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L 2007 Roosevelt Seeking Schools Superintendent New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
AbbreviationJ. Phys. G Nucl. Part. Phys.
ISSN (print)0954-3899
ISSN (online)1361-6471
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles