How to format your references using the Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight J 2001 Senators call for biodefence boost Nature 413 441
A journal article with 2 authors
Rakoff-Nahoum S and Medzhitov R 2007 Regulation of spontaneous intestinal tumorigenesis through the adaptor protein MyD88 Science 317 124–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Haas W, Shepard B D and Gilmore M S 2002 Two-component regulator of Enterococcus faecalis cytolysin responds to quorum-sensing autoinduction Nature 415 84–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Jackson M, Song W, Liu M Y, Jin L, Dykes-Hoberg M, Lin C I, Bowers W J, Federoff H J, Sternweis P C and Rothstein J D 2001 Modulation of the neuronal glutamate transporter EAAT4 by two interacting proteins Nature 410 89–93

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bech S and Zacharov N 2006 Perceptual Audio Evaluation-Theory, Method and Application (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Jackman A L and Leamon C P 2011 Targeted Drug Strategies for Cancer and Inflammation (Boston, MA: Springer US)
A chapter in an edited book
Ermine W and Pittman J 2011 Nikan oti (the future): Adaptation and Adaptive Capacity in Two First Nations Communities The Economic, Social and Political Elements of Climate Change Climate Change Management ed W Leal Filho (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 69–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics.

Blog post
Fang J 2015 Caterpillar-Ooze Turns Ants Into Their Bodyguards IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1984 National Public Radio (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moran J A 2009 Investigating the circumstellar environments of young stars with the PROMPT polarimeter Doctoral dissertation (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M 2012 Slugger’s Penalty Includes a Walk Through History New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
AbbreviationJ. Phys. G Nucl. Part. Phys.
ISSN (print)0954-3899
ISSN (online)1361-6471
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles