How to format your references using the Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fredrickson J K 2015 ECOLOGY. Ecological communities by design Science 348 1425–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Hatzor A and Weiss P 2001 Molecular rulers for scaling down nanostructures Science 291 1019–20
A journal article with 3 authors
Gray-Schopfer V, Wellbrock C and Marais R 2007 Melanoma biology and new targeted therapy Nature 445 851–7
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Czechowicz A, Kraft D, Weissman I L and Bhattacharya D 2007 Efficient transplantation via antibody-based clearance of hematopoietic stem cell niches Science 318 1296–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hewitt A 2016 Construction Claims & Responses (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Popov V L 2015 Method of Dimensionality Reduction in Contact Mechanics and Friction ed M Heß (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Moritz M L 2014 Electrolyte Disorders in the Newborn Kidney and Urinary Tract Diseases in the Newborn ed A S Chishti, S Alam and S G Kiessling (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 99–115

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Predatory ‘Glow Worm’ Discovered In Peruvian Rainforest IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1989 Senate Bill 543: The Job Training Partnership Act Youth Employment Amendments of 1989 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schulz J L 2015 Factors Affecting Prey Availability and Habitat Usage of Wintering Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) in Coastal Louisiana Doctoral dissertation ( Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2009 Two Stars, Meeting Across a Bible New York Times WK1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
AbbreviationJ. Phys. G Nucl. Part. Phys.
ISSN (print)0954-3899
ISSN (online)1361-6471
ScopeNuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles