How to format your references using the Biomedical Microdevices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Microdevices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Y. Fitzpatrick, Science 339, 1001 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
W. A. Truitt and L. M. Coolen, Science 297, 1566 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
M. R. Jones, N. C. Seeman, and C. A. Mirkin, Science 347, 1260901 (2015).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Kuroha, K. Nagai, R. Gamuyao, D. R. Wang, T. Furuta, M. Nakamori, T. Kitaoka, K. Adachi, A. Minami, Y. Mori, K. Mashiguchi, Y. Seto, S. Yamaguchi, M. Kojima, H. Sakakibara, J. Wu, K. Ebana, N. Mitsuda, M. Ohme-Takagi, S. Yanagisawa, M. Yamasaki, R. Yokoyama, K. Nishitani, T. Mochizuki, G. Tamiya, S. R. McCouch, and M. Ashikari, Science 361, 181 (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. T. Wells, Corporate Fraud Handbook (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2017).
An edited book
E. Jannesson, F. Nilsson, and B. Rapp, editors , Strategy, Control and Competitive Advantage: Case Study Evidence (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
R. Duponnois, E. Baudoin, J. Thioulouse, M. Hafidi, A. Galiana, M. Lebrun, and Y. Prin, in Bacteria in Agrobiology: Plant Probiotics, edited by D. K. Maheshwari (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012), pp. 79–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Microdevices.

Blog post
E. Andrew, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Securities and Exchange Commission: Greater Attention Is Needed to Enhance Communication and Utilization of Resources in the Division of Enforcement (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. M. Thomas, Perceptions of Educational Leaders’ Efficacy and Leadership Capacity upon Preliminary Administrative Credential Completion at California State University, Long Beach, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, New York Times NJ13 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fitzpatrick 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Fitzpatrick 2013; Truitt and Coolen 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Truitt and Coolen 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kuroha et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Microdevices
AbbreviationBiomed. Microdevices
ISSN (print)1387-2176
ISSN (online)1572-8781
ScopeMolecular Biology
Biomedical Engineering

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