How to format your references using the Biomedical Microdevices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Microdevices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. J. Woo, Sci. Rep. 3, 3329 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
P. G. Falkowski and C. S. Davis, Nature 431, 131 (2004).
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Matter, P. Herrlich, and H. König, Nature 420, 691 (2002).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Both, S. Bouwhuis, C. M. Lessells, and M. E. Visser, Nature 441, 81 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Reason, L. Løvlie, and M. Brand Flu, Service Design for Business (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015).
An edited book
G. Pasterkamp and D. P. V. de Kleijn, editors , Cardiovascular Research: New Technologies, Methods, and Applications (Springer US, Boston, MA, 2006).
A chapter in an edited book
M. Giaquinta and G. Modica, in Mathematical Analysis: Foundations and Advanced Techniques for Functions of Several Variables, edited by G. Modica (Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, 2012), pp. 213–282.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Microdevices.

Blog post
J. Davis, IFLScience (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2008 Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. W. Adams, Shepherd Leadership of Church of God Pastors and How This Relates to Ministerial Effectiveness, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
U. Galani and G. Hay, New York Times B2 (2009).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Woo 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Falkowski and Davis 2004; Woo 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Falkowski and Davis 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Both et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Microdevices
AbbreviationBiomed. Microdevices
ISSN (print)1387-2176
ISSN (online)1572-8781
ScopeMolecular Biology
Biomedical Engineering

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