How to format your references using the Biomedical Microdevices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedical Microdevices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. P. Heremans, Nature 508, 327 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Polidoro and K. Carpenter, Science 340, 34 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Dong, B. Wen, and R. Melnik, Sci. Rep. 4, 7037 (2014).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. E. Allman, P. J. McMahon, K. A. Nugent, D. Paganin, D. L. Jacobson, M. Arif, and S. A. Werner, Nature 408, 158 (2000).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Wells, Global Credit Management (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2004).
An edited book
J. D. Grizzard, Cardiovascular MRI in Practice: A Teaching File Approach (Springer, London, 2008).
A chapter in an edited book
F. Gao, C. Xing, and G. Wang, in Channel Estimation for Physical Layer Network Coding Systems, edited by C. Xing and G. Wang (Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014), pp. 35–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedical Microdevices.

Blog post
T. Hale, IFLScience (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Science Foundation: Problems Found in Decision Process for Awarding Earthquake Center (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Gao, Characterization of the TAT Cell Penetrating Peptide and Directed Evolution of New Cell Penetrating Peptides for Protein and Nucleotide Delivery to Neuronal -like Cells, Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, New York Times B14 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heremans 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Heremans 2014; Polidoro and Carpenter 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Polidoro and Carpenter 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Allman et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedical Microdevices
AbbreviationBiomed. Microdevices
ISSN (print)1387-2176
ISSN (online)1572-8781
ScopeMolecular Biology
Biomedical Engineering

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