How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kouwenhoven L. One photon seen by one electron. Nature. 2000;403:374–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Greene CH, Pershing AJ. Oceans. Climate drives sea change. Science. 2007;315:1084–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kainulainen J, Federrath C, Henning T. Unfolding the laws of star formation: the density distribution of molecular clouds. Science. 2014;344:183–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Parker HG, Kim LV, Sutter NB, Carlson S, Lorentzen TD, Malek TB, et al. Genetic structure of the purebred domestic dog. Science. 2004;304:1160–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Liautaud M. Breaking Through. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Rostan M, Vaira M, editors. Questioning Excellence in Higher Education: Policies, Experiences and Challenges in National and Comparative Perspective. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Weitzberg K. Rethinking the Shifta War Fifty Years after Independence: Myth, Memory, and Marginalization. In: Kithinji MM, Koster MM, Rotich JP, editors. Kenya After 50: Reconfiguring Historical, Political, and Policy Milestones. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016. p. 65–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. San Francisco’s Millennium Tower Is Sinking A Few Centimeters Every Year [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/san-francisco-millennium-tower-sinking/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Drug Testing: Undercover Tests Reveal Significant Vulnerabilities in DOT’s Drug Testing Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Nov. Report No.: GAO-08-225T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chongkrairatanakul W. Foreign-educated nurses [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. The Goal Is to Win, and to Be Heard. New York Times. 2016 Dec 6;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Policy Pract.
ISSN (online)2052-3211
ScopeHealth Policy
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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