How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gordon DM. Control without hierarchy. Nature. 2007;446:143.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Soshnikova N, Duboule D. Epigenetic temporal control of mouse Hox genes in vivo. Science. 2009;324:1320–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. van de Waal E, Borgeaud C, Whiten A. Potent social learning and conformity shape a wild primate’s foraging decisions. Science. 2013;340:483–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Barnes JW, Tischkau SA, Barnes JA, Mitchell JW, Burgoon PW, Hickok JR, et al. Requirement of mammalian Timeless for circadian rhythmicity. Science. 2003;302:439–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Davies J. Implementing SSL/TLS Using Cryptography and PKI. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Wu Y, editor. Advanced Technology in Teaching - Proceedings of the 2009 3rd International Conference on Teaching and Computational Science (WTCS 2009): Volume 1: Intelligent Ubiquitous Computing and Education. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dillane D, Tsui BCH. Use of Nerve Stimulation and Stimulating Catheters in the Ultrasound Era. In: Peng P, editor. Regional Nerve Blocks in Anesthesia and Pain Therapy: Traditional and Ultrasound-Guided Techniques. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 57–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. If Earth Falls, Will Interstellar Space Travel Be Our Salvation? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/if-earth-falls-will-interstellar-space-travel-be-our-salvation/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Technology: America’s Schools Not Designed or Equipped for 21st Century. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Apr. Report No.: T-HEHS-95-127.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Leonard Puppa EL. Duration of case management: Correlation with Medicaid pediatric patient outcomes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Eldred SM, Kovaleski SF, Sisario B. Unsolved Mysteries, in Purple. New York Times. 2017 Apr 7;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Policy Pract.
ISSN (online)2052-3211
ScopeHealth Policy
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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