How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Crane BR. Biochemistry. Nature’s intricate clockwork. Science. 2012;337:165–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ćuk M, Stewart ST. Making the Moon from a fast-spinning Earth: a giant impact followed by resonant despinning. Science. 2012;338:1047–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wurmser AE, Palmer TD, Gage FH. Neuroscience. Cellular interactions in the stem cell niche. Science. 2004;304:1253–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Darveau C-A, Suarez RK, Andrews RD, Hochachka PW. Allometric cascade as a unifying principle of body mass effects on metabolism. Nature. 2002;417:166–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Smaini L. RF Analog Impairments Modeling for Communication Systems Simulation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Lin L. Statistical Tools for Measuring Agreement. 1st ed. Hedayat AS, Wu W, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Leonard J, How J, Teller S, Berger M, Campbell S, Fiore G, et al. A Perception-Driven Autonomous Urban Vehicle. In: Buehler M, Iagnemma K, Singh S, editors. The DARPA Urban Challenge: Autonomous Vehicles in City Traffic. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 163–230.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. What Would Happen To Your Body In Space Without A Spacesuit? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/what-would-happen-your-body-space-without-spacesuit/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Safety: Information Concerning Why a 1980 Aircraft Report Was Not Provided Earlier to the National Transportation Safety Board. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Nov. Report No.: OSI-00-2R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Howard R. Aging well adult day care center [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Trump v. the Court. New York Times. 2017 Feb 4;SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Policy Pract.
ISSN (online)2052-3211
ScopeHealth Policy
General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles