How to format your references using the Journal of Bacteriology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bacteriology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coppi P. 2007. Astronomy. Inside a cosmic train wreck. Science 316:1852–1854.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang K, Rathod PK. 2002. Divergent regulation of dihydrofolate reductase between malaria parasite and human host. Science 296:545–547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agrawal T, Schu P, Medigeshi GR. 2013. Adaptor protein complexes-1 and 3 are involved at distinct stages of flavivirus life-cycle. Sci Rep 3:1813.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xu W, Min X, Chen X, Zhu Y, Zhou P, Cui S, Xu S, Tao L, Song H. 2014. Ag-SiO₂-Er₂O₃ nanocomposites: highly effective upconversion luminescence at high power excitation and high temperature. Sci Rep 4:5087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemberger P, Morel M. 2012. Managing Complexity of Information Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
2013. Advanced Infocomm Technology: 5th IEEE International Conference, ICAIT 2012, Paris, France, July 25-27, 2012. Revised Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ruiz GM, Lorda J, Arnwine A, Lion K. 2006. Chapter II Shipping Patterns Associated with the Panama Canal: Effects on Biotic Exchange?, p. 113–126. In Gollasch, S, Galil, BS, Cohen, AN (eds.), Bridging Divides: Maritime Canals as Invasion Corridors. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bacteriology.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. “Maleness Gene” Could Be Key To Destroying Malaria Mosquitos. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Air Traffic Control: Role of FAA’s Modernization Program in Reducing Delays and Congestion. GAO-01-725T. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bell KD. 2010. Fatherhood connected: A curriculum development project for adolescent fathers in the juvenile justice system. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M, Mather V. 2013. To Avoid I.O.C. Cut, a Sport Changed. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bacteriology
AbbreviationJ. Bacteriol.
ISSN (print)0021-9193
ISSN (online)1098-5530
ScopeMolecular Biology

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