How to format your references using the Journal of Bacteriology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bacteriology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blanke SR. 2009. Cell biology. Expanding functionality within the looking-glass universe. Science 325:1505–1506.
A journal article with 2 authors
Métin C, Luccardini C. 2010. Neuroscience. Ubiquitination inhibits neuronal exit. Science 330:1754–1755.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martinón-Torres M, Rehren T, Freestone IC. 2006. Mullite and the mystery of Hessian wares. Nature 444:437–438.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fagiolini M, Fritschy J-M, Löw K, Möhler H, Rudolph U, Hensch TK. 2004. Specific GABAA circuits for visual cortical plasticity. Science 303:1681–1683.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mohan N. 2014. Advanced Electric Drives. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wilson TL. 2009. Tools of Radio Astronomy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Michael J, Barth A, Kloft C, Derendorf H. 2014. Pharmacodynamic In Vitro Models to Determine the Effect of Antibiotics, p. 81–112. In Vinks, AA, Derendorf, H, Mouton, JW (eds.), Fundamentals of Antimicrobial Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bacteriology.

Blog post
Fang J. 2015. Some Planets Could Have Corkscrew-Shaped Orbits. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Safeguarding Taxpayer Information: An Evaluation of the Proposed Computerized Tax Administration System. LCD-76-115. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McFarland-Mancini M. 2006. Prolactin Production by Human Breast Adipose Tissue and Adipocytes. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. 2017. A Change Means a Challenge. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bacteriology
AbbreviationJ. Bacteriol.
ISSN (print)0021-9193
ISSN (online)1098-5530
ScopeMolecular Biology

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