How to format your references using the Journal of Bacteriology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bacteriology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gupta S. 2014. Skin colour: no hiding in the dark. Nature 515:S121-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dalton WS, Friend SH. 2006. Cancer biomarkers--an invitation to the table. Science 312:1165–1168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hastings IM, Bray PG, Ward SA. 2002. Parasitology. A requiem for chloroquine. Science 298:74–75.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Earle MJ, Esperança JMSS, Gilea MA, Lopes JNC, Rebelo LPN, Magee JW, Seddon KR, Widegren JA. 2006. The distillation and volatility of ionic liquids. Nature 439:831–834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 1994. Tools for Making Acute Risk Decisions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
2014. Large-Scale Networks in Engineering and Life Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Aho T. 2016. Reality TV and Its Audiences Reconsidered: Class and Poverty in Undercover Boss (CBS), p. 89–117. In Lemke, S, Schniedermann, W (eds.), Class Divisions in Serial Television. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bacteriology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2017. This Time-Lapse Of Cell Division In A Tadpole Egg Is Apparently Real. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Space Station: Estimated Total U.S. Funding Requirements. NSIAD-95-163. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seefried VI. 2010. Timely and accurate decision-making during U.S. public health emergencies: Incremental Dynamic Decision-making (IDD) for public health emergency response. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ketner L. 2009. Quotation of the Day. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bacteriology
AbbreviationJ. Bacteriol.
ISSN (print)0021-9193
ISSN (online)1098-5530
ScopeMolecular Biology

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