How to format your references using the Journal of Peptide Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Peptide Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Piwowar H. Altmetrics: Value All Research Products. Nature 2013;493(7431):159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith IB, Holt JW. Onset and Migration of Spiral Troughs on Mars Revealed by Orbital Radar. Nature 2010;465(7297):450–453.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goda K, Tsia KK, Jalali B. Serial Time-Encoded Amplified Imaging for Real-Time Observation of Fast Dynamic Phenomena. Nature 2009;458(7242):1145–1149.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Camilo F, Ransom SM, Halpern JP, Reynolds J, Helfand DJ, Zimmerman N, Sarkissian J. Transient Pulsed Radio Emission from a Magnetar. Nature 2006;442(7105):892–895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chadwick P. Person-Based Cognitive Therapy for Distressing Psychosis. John Wiley & Sons Ltd: West Sussex, England, 2008.
An edited book
Edutainment Technologies. Educational Games and Virtual Reality/Augmented Reality Applications: 6th International Conference on E-Learning and Games, Edutainment 2011, Taipei, Taiwan, September 2011. Proceedings, Vol. 6872, Chang M, Hwang W-Y, Chen M-P, Müller W (eds), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Asghar W, Billo JA, Iqbal SM. Solid State Nanopores for Selective Sensing of DNA. In Nanopores: Sensing and Fundamental Biological Interactions, Iqbal SM, Bashir R (eds). Springer US: Boston, MA, 2011; 107–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Peptide Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. Sea Lion Plays With Little Girl - But Watch What Happens When She Falls Down (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Test and Evaluation: DOD Has Been Slow In Improving Testing of Software-Intensive Systems, NSIAD-93-198. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ross NJ. Facilitating Shared Understanding: A Grounded Theory for Decision-Making in Pain Management. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Hotel Developer Recasts Himself As an Angel for Old Synagogues. New York Times, 2001, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Peptide Science
AbbreviationJ. Pept. Sci.
ISSN (print)1075-2617
ISSN (online)1099-1387
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Structural Biology
Organic Chemistry
General Medicine
Drug Discovery

Other styles