How to format your references using the Journal of Peptide Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Peptide Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alley RB. The Key to the Past? Nature 2001; 409: 289.
A journal article with 2 authors
Broecker WS, Clark E. Glacial-to-Holocene Redistribution of Carbonate Ion in the Deep Sea. Science 2001; 294: 2152–2155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerber LR, Hyrenbach KD, Zacharias MA. Ecology. Do the Largest Protected Areas Conserve Whales or Whalers? Science 2005; 307: 525–526.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Koo HC, Kwon JH, Eom J, Chang J, Han SH, Johnson M. Control of Spin Precession in a Spin-Injected Field Effect Transistor. Science 2009; 325: 1515–1518.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Norwitz ER, Belfort MA, Saade GR, Miller H. Obstetric Clinical Algorithms: Management and Evidence. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Radiation Toxicity: A Practical Guide, Vol. 128, Small W, Woloschak GE (eds), Cancer Treatment and Research. Springer US: Boston, MA, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Pagneux V. Trapped Modes and Edge Resonances in Acoustics and Elasticity. In Dynamic Localization Phenomena in Elasticity, Acoustics and Electromagnetism, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Craster RV, Kaplunov J (eds). Springer: Vienna, 2013; 181–223.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Peptide Science.

Blog post
Andrew D. Alcoholism Research: A Virus Could Manipulate Neurons To Reduce The Desire To Drink (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications Security and Privacy, 122613. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Domina NV. Gender and Culture Influences on Leadership Perceptions. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. My Florida Recount Memory: Talking Justice. New York Times, 2010, WK10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Peptide Science
AbbreviationJ. Pept. Sci.
ISSN (print)1075-2617
ISSN (online)1099-1387
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Structural Biology
Organic Chemistry
General Medicine
Drug Discovery

Other styles