How to format your references using the Journal of Peptide Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Peptide Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zapperi S. Physics. Looking at How Things Slip. Science 2010;330(6001):184–185.
A journal article with 2 authors
Becks L, Agrawal AF. Higher Rates of Sex Evolve in Spatially Heterogeneous Environments. Nature 2010;468(7320):89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bland-Hawthorn J, Harwit A, Harwit M. Astronomy. Laser Telemetry from Space. Science 2002;297(5581):523.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Um M, Zhang X, Zhang J, Wang Y, Yangchao S, Deng D-L, Duan L-M, Kim K. Experimental Certification of Random Numbers via Quantum Contextuality. Sci Rep 2013;3:1627.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Narang RK. Inside the Black Box. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Induction Chemotherapy: Systemic and Locoregional, Aigner KR, Stephens FO (eds), 2nd ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Laurens BJ, Maino R. Monetary Policy Implementation in China: Past, Present, and Prospects. In China’s Emerging Financial Markets: Challenges and Opportunities, The Milken Institute Series on Financial Innovation and Economic Growth, Barth JR, Tatom JA, Yago G (eds). Springer US: Boston, MA, 2009; 129–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Peptide Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why Do We Feel Intense Emotions In Our Chest? (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Preliminary Information on the Federal Communications Commission’s Spectrum Allocation and Assignment Process, GAO-06-212R. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Viruet HB. Effect of Forklift Operation on Lower Back Pain: An Evidence-Based Approach. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati: Cincinnati, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Family of Seau Decides To Give Brain for Study. New York Times, 2012, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Peptide Science
AbbreviationJ. Pept. Sci.
ISSN (print)1075-2617
ISSN (online)1099-1387
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Structural Biology
Organic Chemistry
General Medicine
Drug Discovery

Other styles