How to format your references using the Journal of Peptide Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Peptide Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lok C. Plans to Reduce Acceptable Arsenic Limit Put on Hold. Nature 2001;410(6828):503.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schoch RR, Sues H-D. A Middle Triassic Stem-Turtle and the Evolution of the Turtle Body Plan. Nature 2015;523(7562):584–587.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sergio F, Newton I, Marchesi L. Conservation: Top Predators and Biodiversity. Nature 2005;436(7048):192.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vander Heiden MG, Locasale JW, Swanson KD, Sharfi H, Heffron GJ, Amador-Noguez D, Christofk HR, Wagner G, Rabinowitz JD, Asara JM, Cantley LC. Evidence for an Alternative Glycolytic Pathway in Rapidly Proliferating Cells. Science 2010;329(5998):1492–1499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooper JD. Soil Water Measurement. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
Three Decades of Progress in Control Sciences: Dedicated to Chris Byrnes and Anders Lindquist, Hu X, Jonsson U, Wahlberg B, Ghosh B (eds). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Levis AA, Papageorgiou LG. Active Demand Management for Substitute Products through Price Optimisation. In Supply Chain Planning: Quantitative Decision Support and Advanced Planning Solutions, Meyr H, Günther H-O (eds). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; 1–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Peptide Science.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Virtual Reality Tech May Make “Going Shopping’ In Real Life A Thing Of The Past (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration: Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training, OGC-99-21. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bannister RM. To What Extent Are the Grade Configurations of Middle/High Schools and High Schools Related to Student Engagement? Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Weather Doesn’t Dampen Latest Heart-Stopper in the Bronx. New York Times, 2009, SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Peptide Science
AbbreviationJ. Pept. Sci.
ISSN (print)1075-2617
ISSN (online)1099-1387
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Structural Biology
Organic Chemistry
General Medicine
Drug Discovery

Other styles