How to format your references using the Journal of Peptide Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Peptide Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sherman W. Materials Science. Building a Better Nano-Biped. Science 2009;324(5923):46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ikeda T, Ube T. Materials Science: A Superelastic Organic Crystal. Nature 2014;511(7509):300–301.
A journal article with 3 authors
McDermott F, Mattey DP, Hawkesworth C. Centennial-Scale Holocene Climate Variability Revealed by a High-Resolution Speleothem Delta 18O Record from SW Ireland. Science 2001;294(5545):1328–1331.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Su C, Evans D, Cole RH, Kissinger JC, Ajioka JW, Sibley LD. Recent Expansion of Toxoplasma through Enhanced Oral Transmission. Science 2003;299(5605):414–416.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hannam J. What Everyone Needs to Know about Tax. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
Immigration Regulation in Federal States: Challenges and Responses in Comparative Perspective, Vol. 9, Baglay S, Nakache D (eds), International Perspectives on Migration. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Bernas M, Płaczek B. Energy Aware Object Localization in Wireless Sensor Network Based on Wi-Fi Fingerprinting. In Computer Networks: 22nd International Conference, CN 2015, Brunów, Poland, June 16-19, 2015. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science, Gaj P, Kwiecień A, Stera P (eds). Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Peptide Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. A Glider Might Search For Life In The Atmosphere Of Venus In 2025 (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Law Enforcement Education Program Is in Serious Financial Disarray, FGMSD-80-46. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prejean KD. An Analysis of Corporal Punishment Practices in Texas Public Schools: Race, School District Size, Academic Performance, and Policy Influences. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gladstone R, Specia M. At the U.N., Pressure Builds on Myanmar Over a ‘Human Rights Nightmare.’ New York Times, 2017, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Peptide Science
AbbreviationJ. Pept. Sci.
ISSN (print)1075-2617
ISSN (online)1099-1387
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Structural Biology
Organic Chemistry
General Medicine
Drug Discovery

Other styles