How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hampton SE. Ecology. Understanding lakes near and far. Science 2013;342:815–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Blake GA, Bergin EA. Planetary science: Prebiotic chemistry on the rocks. Nature 2015;520:161–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Gonsamo A, Chen JM, Wu C. Citizen Science: linking the recent rapid advances of plant flowering in Canada with climate variability. Sci Rep 2013;3:2239.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
DeLuca TH, Zackrisson O, Nilsson M-C, Sellstedt A. Quantifying nitrogen-fixation in feather moss carpets of boreal forests. Nature 2002;419:917–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Cousley RRJ. The Orthodontic Mini-Implant Clinical Handbook. Chichester, West Sussex UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Chio CD, Brabazon A, Caro GAD, Ebner M, Farooq M, Fink A, et al., editors. Applications of Evolutionary Computation: EvoApplications 2010: EvoCOMNET, EvoENVIRONMENT, EvoFIN, EvoMUSART, and EvoTRANSLOG, Istanbul, Turkey, April 7-9, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. vol. 6025. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Yang M, Yang Y. Network Coding in Application Layer Multicast. In: Qin Y, editor. Network Coding at Different Layers in Wireless Networks, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 117–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Surgery.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. 10 Deadliest Diseases in Human History. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Airport Privatization: Issues Related to the Sale of U.S. Commercial Airports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Day C. Medication-assisted treatment: Education for those who assist in the treatment of substance use disorders curriculum development. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Koblin J, Wingfield N. Amazon Suspends Executive Accused of Sex Harassment. New York Times 2017:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Surg.
ISSN (print)0022-3468
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Surgery

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