How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Falk, D. (2000). Careers in science offer women an unusual bonus: immortality. Nature, 407(6806), 833.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kondo, S., & Miura, T. (2010). Reaction-diffusion model as a framework for understanding biological pattern formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5999), 1616–1620.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moyen, J.-F., Stevens, G., & Kisters, A. (2006). Record of mid-Archaean subduction from metamorphism in the Barberton terrain, South Africa. Nature, 442(7102), 559–562.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sonane, M., Goyal, R., Chowdhuri, D. K., Ram, K. R., & Gupta, K. C. (2013). Enhanced efficiency of P-element mediated transgenesis in Drosophila: Microinjection of DNA complexed with nanomaterial. Scientific Reports, 3, 3408.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belmont, D. P. (2011). Managing Hedge Fund Risk and Financing. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Philbin, T. M. (Ed.). (2014). Sports Injuries of the Foot: Evolving Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Niolu, C., & Siracusano, A. (2014). Psychological Issues in Improving Adherence and Alliance. In A. Vita, A. Siracusano, & W. Fleischhacker (Eds.), Adherence to Antipsychotics in Schizophrenia (pp. 139–156). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Health Care.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 28). What Human Emotions Do We Really Want Of Artificial Intelligence? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Airline Deregulation: Reregulating the Airline Industry Would Likely Reverse Consumer Benefits and Not Save Airline Pensions (GAO-06-630). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yao, D. (2009). In situ activity of NAC11-7 roseobacters in coastal waters off the Chesapeake Bay based on ftsZ expression [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, May 19). Sharapova’s Entry to Wimbledon: Qualify. New York Times, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Falk, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Falk, 2000; Kondo & Miura, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kondo & Miura, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Moyen et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sonane et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Health Care
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Health Care
ISSN (print)0891-5245
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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