How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Honjo, T. (2005). Science and government. In search of the best grant system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5739), 1329.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krishnan, V., & Nestler, E. J. (2008). The molecular neurobiology of depression. Nature, 455(7215), 894–902.
A journal article with 3 authors
Imai, T., Suzuki, M., & Sakano, H. (2006). Odorant receptor-derived cAMP signals direct axonal targeting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 657–661.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xu, J., Gao, Q., Zhang, Y., Tan, Y., Tian, W., Zhu, L., & Jiang, L. (2014). Preparing two-dimensional microporous carbon from Pistachio nutshell with high areal capacitance as supercapacitor materials. Scientific Reports, 4, 5545.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grimble, M. J. (2006). Robust Industrial Control Systems. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Apolloni, B., Marinaro, M., Nicosia, G., & Tagliaferri, R. (Eds.). (2006). Neural Nets: 16th Italian Workshop on Neural Nets, WIRN 2005, and International Workshop on Natural and Artificial Immune Systems, NAIS 2005, Vietri sul Mare, Italy, June 8-11, 2005, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 3931). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yin, P., Ye, M., Lee, W.-C., & Li, Z. (2014). Mining GPS Data for Trajectory Recommendation. In V. S. Tseng, T. B. Ho, Z.-H. Zhou, A. L. P. Chen, & H.-Y. Kao (Eds.), Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 18th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2014, Tainan, Taiwan, May 13-16, 2014. Proceedings, Part II (pp. 50–61). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Health Care.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 15). Teen Invents Device To Protect His Grandfather From Alzheimer’s-Related Wandering. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Shared Resources Project: Evaluation Report (142798). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyle, C. N. (2013). Support program for transition age youth: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2011, December 12). Russian Orthodox Church Adds Influential Voice to Calls for Election Reform. New York Times, A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Honjo, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Honjo, 2005; Krishnan & Nestler, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krishnan & Nestler, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Imai et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Health Care
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Health Care
ISSN (print)0891-5245
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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