How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibson, V. C. (2006). Chemistry. Shuttling polyolefins to a new materials dimension. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5774), 703–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hinck, S., & Schiermeier, Q. (2003). Will industry play a bigger role in Europe’s aims to promote mobility among postdocs? Nature, 421(6920), 296–297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Long, J. C. S., Loy, F., & Morgan, M. G. (2015). Policy: Start research on climate engineering. Nature, 518(7537), 29–31.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
McCracken, K. G., Wilson, R. E., McCracken, P. J., & Johnson, K. P. (2001). Sexual selection. Are ducks impressed by drakes’ display? Nature, 413(6852), 128.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Recho, N. (2012). Fracture Mechanics and Crack Growth. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Agah, A., Cabibihan, J.-J., Howard, A. M., Salichs, M. A., & He, H. (Eds.). (2016). Social Robotics: 8th International Conference, ICSR 2016, Kansas City, MO, USA, November 1-3, 2016 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cooper, K. D., Harvey, T. J., & Waterman, T. (2008). An Adaptive Strategy for Inline Substitution. In L. Hendren (Ed.), Compiler Construction: 17th International Conference, CC 2008, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2008, Budapest, Hungary, March 29 - April 6, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 69–84). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Health Care.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 8). Is Commercial Fishing Driving The Evolution Of Fish?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). NASA Designation of Their Ames Facility to Be Lead Center for Helicopter Research and Development (No. LCD-77-301). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Connor, C. S. (2015). Measurement of Dispersion and Attenuation in Granular Media using a Filter-Correlation Method (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James Woolsey, R., & Fox, B. J. (2017, August 3). To Protect Voting, Use Open-Source. New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibson, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Gibson, 2006; Hinck & Schiermeier, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hinck & Schiermeier, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Long, Loy, & Morgan, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (McCracken, Wilson, McCracken, & Johnson, 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Health Care
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Health Care
ISSN (print)0891-5245
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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