How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pronin, E. (2008). How we see ourselves and how we see others. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5880), 1177–1180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shlomai, A., & Rice, C. M. (2014). Virology. Getting rid of a persistent troublemaker to cure hepatitis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6176), 1212–1213.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bento, G., Ogawa, A., & Sommer, R. J. (2010). Co-option of the hormone-signalling module dafachronic acid-DAF-12 in nematode evolution. Nature, 466(7305), 494–497.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gazzani, S., Lawrenson, T., Woodward, C., Headon, D., & Sablowski, R. (2004). A link between mRNA turnover and RNA interference in Arabidopsis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5698), 1046–1048.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belmont, D. P. (2011). Managing Hedge Fund Risk and Financing. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Rassias, T. M., & Tóth, L. (Eds.). (2014). Topics in Mathematical Analysis and Applications (Vol. 94). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hu, B., & Raidl, G. R. (2008). Effective Neighborhood Structures for the Generalized Traveling Salesman Problem. In J. van Hemert & C. Cotta (Eds.), Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 8th European Conference, EvoCOP 2008, Naples, Italy, March 26-28, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 36–47). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Health Care.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 28). This Guy Made A DIY Liquid Nitrogen-Firing Ice Blaster. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Federal Communications Commission’s Effort To Implement the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (No. 089644). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hertzog, L. (2013). Development and implementation of a prenatal postpartum depression education program for nurse practitioner students at California State University Long Beach [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016, November 16). A Burst of Activity, Then a Fall in the Night. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pronin, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Pronin, 2008; Shlomai & Rice, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shlomai & Rice, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Bento et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gazzani et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Health Care
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Health Care
ISSN (print)0891-5245
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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