How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Druker, B. J. (2014). Janet Rowley (1925-2013). Nature, 505(7484), 484.
A journal article with 2 authors
VijayRaghavan, K., & Bate, M. (2010). Retrospective. Veronica Rodrigues (1953-2010). Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6010), 1493.
A journal article with 3 authors
Traag, V. A., Krings, G., & Van Dooren, P. (2013). Significant scales in community structure. Scientific Reports, 3, 2930.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Takayama, S., Ostuni, E., LeDuc, P., Naruse, K., Ingber, D. E., & Whitesides, G. M. (2001). Subcellular positioning of small molecules. Nature, 411(6841), 1016.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Golding, P. (2005). Next Generation Wireless Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Seeberger, P. H., & Blume, T. (Eds.). (2007). New Avenues to Efficient Chemical Synthesis: Emerging Technologies (Vol. 2006/3). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gault, D., Cannell, K., Cimolini, P., D’Souza, M., & St. Hilaire, T. (2013). SQL Workshop. In K. Cannell, P. Cimolini, M. D’Souza, & T. St. Hilaire (Eds.), Beginning Oracle Application Express 4.2 (pp. 37–54). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Health Care.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, June 30). Why Does Weed Make You Hungry? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). School Facilities: America’s Schools Report Differing Conditions (HEHS-96-103). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Naik, M. (2017). Automating the process of antibiotic susceptibility testing [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2016, September 7). Iran and Saudis Trade Barbs With Pilgrimage Set to Start. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Druker, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Druker, 2014; VijayRaghavan & Bate, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (VijayRaghavan & Bate, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Traag et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Takayama et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Health Care
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Health Care
ISSN (print)0891-5245
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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