How to format your references using the Journal of Pediatric Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pediatric Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brandenberger, R. (2007). Astronomy. A texture in the sky? Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5856), 1560–1561.
A journal article with 2 authors
Post, E., & Forchhammer, M. C. (2002). Synchronization of animal population dynamics by large-scale climate. Nature, 420(6912), 168–171.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vinothkumar, K. R., Zhu, J., & Hirst, J. (2014). Architecture of mammalian respiratory complex I. Nature, 515(7525), 80–84.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Petersson, P., Waldenström, A., Fåhraeus, C., & Schouenborg, J. (2003). Spontaneous muscle twitches during sleep guide spinal self-organization. Nature, 424(6944), 72–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society. (2014). Energy Materials 2014. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Depla, D., & Mahieu, S. (Eds.). (2008). Reactive Sputter Deposition (Vol. 109). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Blake, D., Lehmann, B. N., & Timmermann, A. (2016). Performance Clustering and Incentives in the UK Pension Fund Industry. In S. Satchell (Ed.), Asset Management: Portfolio Construction, Performance and Returns (pp. 63–94). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pediatric Health Care.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, August 31). This 77-Million-Year-Old Dwarf Pterosaur Was The Same Size As A Cat. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). ADP Procurements: GSA Needs to Improve Its Review Process to Enhance Its ADP Oversight (No. IMTEC-92-7). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Van Fossen, L. (2015). The communicative use of iconic face drawings to express emotional and evaluative statements in persons with aphasia (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009, May 24). Tasting Every Calorie. New York Times, p. NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brandenberger, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Brandenberger, 2007; Post & Forchhammer, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Post & Forchhammer, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Vinothkumar, Zhu, & Hirst, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Petersson, Waldenström, Fåhraeus, & Schouenborg, 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pediatric Health Care
AbbreviationJ. Pediatr. Health Care
ISSN (print)0891-5245
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles