How to format your references using the Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sammonds, P.R., 2006. Planetary science. Creep and flow on the icy moons of the outer planets. Science 311, 1250–1251.
A journal article with 2 authors
Politi, Y., Weaver, J.C., 2015. Biomineralization. Built for tough conditions. Science 347, 712–713.
A journal article with 3 authors
Helle, S., Lummaa, V., Jokela, J., 2002. Sons reduced maternal longevity in preindustrial humans. Science 296, 1085.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vassylyev, D.G., Vassylyeva, M.N., Perederina, A., Tahirov, T.H., Artsimovitch, I., 2007. Structural basis for transcription elongation by bacterial RNA polymerase. Nature 448, 157–162.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minenna, M., 2016. The Incomplete Currency: The Future of the Euro and Solutions for the Eurozone. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lawphongpanich, S., Hearn, D.W., Smith, M.J. (Eds.), 2006. Mathematical and Computational Models for Congestion Charging, Applied Optimization. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Régnier-Loilier, A., Perron, Z., 2015. The Birth of the First Child, in: Régnier-Loilier, A. (Ed.), The Contemporary Family in France: Partnership Trajectories and Domestic Organization, INED Population Studies. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Chew On This: We Finally Know How Our Jaws Evolved [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak Faces Challenges in Improving Its Financial Condition (No. T-RCED-00-30). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aggarwal, E., 2012. South Asian women’s attitudes toward help-seeking behaviors (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2017. Reviving World Cup Hopes Out of Thin Air. New York Times D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sammonds, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Politi and Weaver, 2015; Sammonds, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Politi and Weaver, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Vassylyev et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
AbbreviationEnviron. Toxicol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1382-6689
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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