How to format your references using the Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dyson, F., 2004. A meeting with Enrico Fermi. Nature 427, 297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Velicogna, I., Wahr, J., 2006. Measurements of time-variable gravity show mass loss in Antarctica. Science 311, 1754–1756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, G.Z., Fray, D.J., Farthing, T.W., 2000. Direct electrochemical reduction of titanium dioxide to titanium in molten calcium chloride. Nature 407, 361–364.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Weber, T., Giessen, H., Weckenbrock, M., Urbasch, G., Staudte, A., Spielberger, L., Jagutzki, O., Mergel, V., V., Vollmer, M., Dorner, R., 2000. Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization. Nature 405, 658–661.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Verma, J.P., 2016. Sports Research with Analytical Solution Using SPSS®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pfeiffer, R.F., Bodis-Wollner, I. (Eds.), 2013. Parkinson’s Disease and Nonmotor Dysfunction, Second Edition. ed, Current Clinical Neurology. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Roy Chowdhury, A., Bhattacharya, U., Parui, S.K., 2012. Text Detection of Two Major Indian Scripts in Natural Scene Images, in: Iwamura, M., Shafait, F. (Eds.), Camera-Based Document Analysis and Recognition: 4th International Workshop, CBDAR 2011, Beijing, China, September 22, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 42–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Create Holograms that you can Touch [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1968. Need To Improve System for Managing Capitalized Equipment in the Bureau of Indian Affairs (No. B-114868). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hutter-Thomas, S., 2017. Sociocultural Evolution: An Examination of Unorthodox Elective Body Modification (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R., 1993. Desire Under the Waves. New York Times 714.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dyson, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Dyson, 2004; Velicogna and Wahr, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Velicogna and Wahr, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Weber et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
AbbreviationEnviron. Toxicol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1382-6689
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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