How to format your references using the Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mestel, L., 2005. Obituary: Hermann Bondi (1919-2005). Nature 437, 828.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmitt, J.H., Wichmann, R., 2001. Ground-based observation of emission lines from the corona of a red-dwarf star. Nature 412, 508–510.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kessler, D., Gase, K., Baldwin, I.T., 2008. Field experiments with transformed plants reveal the sense of floral scents. Science 321, 1200–1202.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gibson, Q.D., Evtushinsky, D., Yaresko, A.N., Zabolotnyy, V.B., Ali, M.N., Fuccillo, M.K., Van den Brink, J., Büchner, B., Cava, R.J., Borisenko, S.V., 2014. Quasi one dimensional Dirac electrons on the surface of Ru₂Sn₃. Sci. Rep. 4, 5168.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Merritt, C., 2015. Process Steam Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cohen, A.J., Mercandetti, M., Brazzo, B. (Eds.), 2015. The Lacrimal System: Diagnosis, Management, and Surgery, Second Edition, 2nd ed. 2015. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Sneed, H.M., 2014. Dealing with Technical Debt in Agile Development Projects, in: Winkler, D., Biffl, S., Bergsmann, J. (Eds.), Software Quality. Model-Based Approaches for Advanced Software and Systems Engineering: 6th International Conference, SWQD 2014, Vienna, Austria, January 14-16, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 48–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. This Giant Wall Sucks Carbon Dioxide Straight Out Of The Air [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Inspectors General: Information on Resources and Selected Accomplishments of 18 Inspectors General (No. AIMD-00-149R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beeler, M.C., 2010. Disordered Ultracold Two-Dimensional Bose Gases (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2016. Unseen Ingredients: Cash, and Lots of Time. New York Times WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mestel, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Mestel, 2005; Schmitt and Wichmann, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmitt and Wichmann, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Gibson et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
AbbreviationEnviron. Toxicol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1382-6689
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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