How to format your references using the Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Normile, D., 2014. Lost at sea. Science 344, 963–965.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaminski, D., Geisler, C., 2012. Survival analysis of faculty retention in science and engineering by gender. Science 335, 864–866.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, C., Rieppel, O., LaBarbera, M.C., 2004. A Triassic aquatic protorosaur with an extremely long neck. Science 305, 1931.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Polli, D., Altoè, P., Weingart, O., Spillane, K.M., Manzoni, C., Brida, D., Tomasello, G., Orlandi, G., Kukura, P., Mathies, R.A., Garavelli, M., Cerullo, G., 2010. Conical intersection dynamics of the primary photoisomerization event in vision. Nature 467, 440–443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gladon, R.J., Graves, W.R., Kelly, J.M., 2011. Getting Published in the Life Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Elm, S., Willich, S.N. (Eds.), 2009. Quo Vadis Medical Healing: Past Concepts and New Approaches, International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagner, R.D., 2008. Effects of Microbiota on GI Health: Gnotobiotic Research, in: Huffnagle, G.B., Noverr, M.C. (Eds.), GI Microbiota and Regulation of the Immune System, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 41–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Artificial Magnetic Shield Could Help In Terraforming Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Transportation Infrastructure: Alternative Financing Mechanisms for Surface Transportation (No. GAO-02-1126T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnston, J.S., 2017. Echo in Three Acts: The Lost Historical Subject in (Dis)articulation (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2016. The Facts Win Out on Abortion. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Normile, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kaminski and Geisler, 2012; Normile, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaminski and Geisler, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Polli et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
AbbreviationEnviron. Toxicol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1382-6689
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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