How to format your references using the Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen, G.E., 2001. Essays on science and society. Is a new eugenics afoot? Science 294, 59–61.
A journal article with 2 authors
Izquierdo, I., Cammarota, M., 2004. Neuroscience. Zif and the survival of memory. Science 304, 829–830.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnaud-Haond, S., Arrieta, J.M., Duarte, C.M., 2011. Global genetic resources. Marine biodiversity and gene patents. Science 331, 1521–1522.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, J., Long, S., Wang, Q., Dinsmore, A.D., 2006. Measurement of forces inside a three-dimensional pile of frictionless droplets. Science 312, 1631–1633.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bâzu, M., Băjenescu, T., 2011. Failure Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Reigosa, M.J., Pedrol, N., González, L. (Eds.), 2006. Allelopathy: A Physiological Process with Ecological Implications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Biswas, D., Mitra, D., 2014. Green Techniques in Gas Chromatography, in: Inamuddin, Mohammad, A. (Eds.), Green Chromatographic Techniques: Separation and Purification of Organic and Inorganic Analytes. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 103–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Smell Of Rain: How CSIRO Invented A New Word [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Transfer Students: Postsecondary Institutions Could Promote More Consistent Consideration of Coursework by Not Basing Determinations on Accreditation (No. GAO-06-22). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, K.R., 2010. The need for social workers in community clinic settings: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2011. Getting Ribs Right, Slowly. New York Times NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Allen, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Allen, 2001; Izquierdo and Cammarota, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Izquierdo and Cammarota, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
AbbreviationEnviron. Toxicol. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1382-6689
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

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