How to format your references using the Journal of Oncological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Oncological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jayaraman KS. India’s finest, for hire. Nature. 2000;407(6806):830-831.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ward LD, Kellis M. Response to comment on “Evidence of abundant purifying selection in humans for recently acquired regulatory functions.” Science. 2013;340(6133):682.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lewis SL, Edwards DP, Galbraith D. Increasing human dominance of tropical forests. Science. 2015;349(6250):827-832.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Isshiki M, Irifune T, Hirose K, et al. Stability of magnesite and its high-pressure form in the lowermost mantle. Nature. 2004;427(6969):60-63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Uribe S. Frontier Road. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Gertz MA, Rajkumar SV, eds. Amyloidosis: Diagnosis and Treatment. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Liu L. Green Energy in China. In: Xue J, Zhao Z, Dai Y, Wang B, eds. Green Low-Carbon Development in China. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013:103-126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Oncological Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Locals Blamed Demons For The Wave Of Deaths In India’s “Suicide Village”, But Scientists Have A Different Explanation. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/whats-behind-waves-deaths-indias-suicide-village/. Published May 9, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Public-Private Competitions: Access to Records Is Inhibiting Work on Congressional Mandates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Burns KN. Impact of Cognitive Tasks on Gait Parameters in Collegiate Athletes. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B. Review: ‘Keeping Up With the Joneses’ Might Not Be Worth It. New York Times. October 20, 2016:C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Oncological Sciences
ISSN (print)2452-3364
Scope

Other styles