How to format your references using the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel JS: Chemistry. Driving the formation of molecular knots. Science 338: 752, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Logan BE, Elimelech M: Membrane-based processes for sustainable power generation using water. Nature 488: 313, 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aitken CM, Jones DM, Larter SR: Anaerobic hydrocarbon biodegradation in deep subsurface oil reservoirs. Nature 431: 291, 2004.
A journal article with 51 or more authors
Coleman CN, Stone HB, Moulder JE, Pellmar TC: Medicine. Modulation of radiation injury. Science 304: 693, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daries H: Nutrition for Sport and Exercise. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2012.
An edited book
Pillai P, Hu YF, Otung I, Giambene G eds: Wireless and Satellite Systems: 7th International Conference, WiSATS 2015, Bradford, UK, July 6-7, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Domingos P, Kok S, Lowd D, Poon H, Richardson M, Singla P: Markov Logic. In: Raedt LD, Frasconi P, Kersting K, Muggleton S, eds. Probabilistic Inductive Logic Programming: Theory and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer,  2008:92–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Blog post
Luntz S: How An Arctic Lake Became The Arctic Ocean. IFLScience, 2017. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Safety: Proposals to Enhance Aircraft Tracking and Flight Data Recovery May Aid Accident Investigation, but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Henning JN: Top ten effective community college board trustees self-perceived leadership attributes., 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meacham J: The Grace of George H.W. Bush. New York Times. October 15, 2016:SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
ISSN (print)0278-2391
ISSN (online)1531-5053
Oral Surgery

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