How to format your references using the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bréon F-M: Climate. How do aerosols affect cloudiness and climate? Science 313: 623, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pérez-Gussinyé M, Watts AB: The long-term strength of Europe and its implications for plate-forming processes. Nature 436: 381, 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paggi M, Pohrt R, Popov VL: Partial-slip frictional response of rough surfaces. Sci Rep 4: 5178, 2014.
A journal article with 51 or more authors
Zhao D-J, Wang Z-Y, Huang L, Jia Y-P, Leng JQ: Spatio-temporal mapping of variation potentials in leaves of Helianthus annuus L. seedlings in situ using multi-electrode array. Sci Rep 4: 5435, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weisberg HI: Willful Ignorance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
Dries L van D: Model Theory in Algebra, Analysis and Arithmetic: Cetraro, Italy 2012, Editors: H. Dugald Macpherson, Carlo Toffalori. (Koenigsmann J, Macpherson HD, Pillay A, Toffalori C, Wilkie AJ, eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin Z, Bai Z: Probability Inequalities of Random Variables. In: Bai Z, ed. Probability Inequalities. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011:37–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew E: Plan to build ‘CSI Elephant’ uses DNA forensics to track poachers. IFLScience, 2014. Available at:‘csi-elephant’-uses-dna-forensics-track-poachers/. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Public Transportation: Survey of Project Sponsors on Their Transit Projects and Experience with the Federal Transit Administration’s New Starts and Small Starts Programs (GAO-07-927SP, July 2007), an E-supplement to GAO-07-917. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ayvaz MD: Generating Creativity in Teams: An Exploratory Case Study., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K: Getting Ribs Right, Slowly. New York Times. August 21, 2011:NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
ISSN (print)0278-2391
ISSN (online)1531-5053
Oral Surgery

Other styles