How to format your references using the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joiner S: OPTICS: The Internet of Tomorrow. Science 290: 1907, 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saarela J, Finnäs F: Infant mortality and ethnicity in an indigenous European population: novel evidence from the Finnish population register. Sci Rep 4: 4214, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meyer zu Heringdorf FJ, Reuter MC, Tromp RM: Growth dynamics of pentacene thin films. Nature 412: 517, 2001.
A journal article with 51 or more authors
Schmidt-Kaler F, Häffner H, Riebe M, Gulde S, Lancaster GPT, Deuschle T, Becher C, Roos CF, Eschner J, Blatt R: Realization of the Cirac-Zoller controlled-NOT quantum gate. Nature 422: 408, 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parke RD: Future Families. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
An edited book
Mohamad Zain J, Wan Mohd WM bt, El-Qawasmeh E eds: Software Engineering and Computer Systems: Second International Conference, ICSECS 2011, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia, June 27-29, 2011, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Mernier A: The Possible Role of the Energy Charter in Advancing Energy for Development in Africa. In: Toth FL, ed. Energy for Development: Resources, Technologies, Environment. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands,  2012:57–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Blog post
Hale T: All-Female Flight Test Crew Asked How They Will Cope Without Make-Up Or Men In Space. IFLScience, 2015. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Traffic and Vehicle Safety: Reauthorization Offers Opportunities to Extend Recent Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day KC: CPA Perceptions of Human Skills for Professional Competency Development Needs., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J: Twilight of a Difficult Man. New York Times. May 19, 2017:MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
ISSN (print)0278-2391
ISSN (online)1531-5053
Oral Surgery

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