How to format your references using the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anders AM: Earth science: rain on the parade. Nature 511: 413, 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
Battisti DS, Naylor RL: Historical warnings of future food insecurity with unprecedented seasonal heat. Science 323: 240, 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dwyer G, Dushoff J, Yee SH: The combined effects of pathogens and predators on insect outbreaks. Nature 430: 341, 2004.
A journal article with 51 or more authors
Gange AC, Gange EG, Sparks TH, Boddy L: Rapid and recent changes in fungal fruiting patterns. Science 316: 71, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang B-C: Digital Signal Processing Techniques and Applications in Radar Image Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.
An edited book
Pasila F, Tanoto Y, Lim R, Santoso M, Pah ND eds: Proceedings of Second International Conference on Electrical Systems, Technology and Information 2015 (ICESTI 2015). 1st ed. 2016. Singapore: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Homburg C, Schäfer H, Schneider J: Sales Channels and Sales Partners: Designing the Route to the Customer. In: Schäfer H, Schneider J, eds. Sales Excellence: Systematic Sales Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer,  2012:45–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Blog post
Luntz S: Amazing Bridges Built For Animals. IFLScience, 2015. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Vietnamese Version). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okada H: Modulation of BACE1 by a novel sorting nexin in Alzheimer’s disease., 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Sisario B: Big Opening for J. Cole as Album Makes No. 1. New York Times. December 19, 2016:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
ISSN (print)0278-2391
ISSN (online)1531-5053
Oral Surgery

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