How to format your references using the Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Garnero EJ. Geophysics. A new paradigm for Earth’s core-mantle boundary. Science. 2004;304:834–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Engdahl A, Nelander B. The vibrational spectrum of H2O3. Science. 2002;295:482–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mastrobuono-Battisti A, Perets HB, Raymond SN. A primordial origin for the compositional similarity between the Earth and the Moon. Nature. 2015;520:212–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pace ML, Cole JJ, Carpenter SR, Kitchell JF, Hodgson JR, Van De Bogert MC, et al. Whole-lake carbon-13 additions reveal terrestrial support of aquatic food webs. Nature. 2004;427:240–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ruehli AE, Antonini G, Jiang L. Circuit Oriented Electromagnetic Modeling Using the Peec Techniques. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Abrams JS, Bell RH, editors. Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Surgery: A Practical Approach to Management. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Du D, Jiang B, Shi P. Sensor Fault Estimation and Compensation for Switched Systems with State Delay. In: Jiang B, Shi P, editors. Fault Tolerant Control for Switched Linear Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Evidence Of A Continental Crust On Mars Suggests It Had Tectonic Activity. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. DHS Multi-Agency Operation Centers Would Benefit from Taking Further Steps to Enhance Collaboration and Coordination. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Apr. Report No.: GAO-07-686R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nakano Y. Characterization of copper, zinc-superoxide dismutase aggregates: Role of disulfide bonds and pathway for aggregation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. McMORROW R, Forsythe M. Chinese Tech Tycoon to Leave Troubled Company. New York Times. 2017 Jul 6;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
AbbreviationJ. Occup. Med. Toxicol.
ISSN (online)1745-6673
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

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