How to format your references using the Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Klein CA. Cancer. The metastasis cascade. Science. 2008;321:1785–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cheetham SW, Brand AH. Cell biology. Insulin finds its niche. Science. 2013;340:817–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Aravind L, Dixit VM, Koonin EV. Apoptotic molecular machinery: vastly increased complexity in vertebrates revealed by genome comparisons. Science. 2001;291:1279–84.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sun K, Xie X, Xie J, Jiao S, Chen X, Zhao X, et al. Cell-based therapy for acute and chronic liver failures: distinct diseases, different choices. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6494.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Brook CGD, Dattani MT. Handbook of Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
1. Kraemer FA, Herrmann P, editors. System Analysis and Modeling: About Models: 6th International Workshop, SAM 2010, Oslo, Norway, October 4-5, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cadossi R. From Academy to Industry: Translational Research in Biophysics. In: Jarm T, Kramar P, Zupanic A, editors. 11th Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biomedical Engineering and Computing 2007: MEDICON 2007, 26-30 June 2007, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 10–3.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Watch What Happens When You Stick Your Hand Into “Hot Ice” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/watch-what-happens-when-you-stick-your-hand-hot-ice/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. K-12 Education: States’ Test Security Policies and Procedures Varied. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 May. Report No.: GAO-13-495R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tuquero JM. A meta-ethnographic synthesis of support services for adult learners in distance learning programs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. With Suit, Hedge Funds Seek to Freeze the Assets of a Top Puerto Rico Bank. New York Times. 2016 Apr 5;B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
AbbreviationJ. Occup. Med. Toxicol.
ISSN (online)1745-6673
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Toxicology
Safety Research

Other styles