How to format your references using the Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Di Santo JP. Immunology. A guardian of T cell fate. Science. 2010;329:44–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Huybers P, Wunsch C. Obliquity pacing of the late Pleistocene glacial terminations. Nature. 2005;434:491–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Choe J, Kelker MS, Wilson IA. Crystal structure of human toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) ectodomain. Science. 2005;309:581–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. McCarroll L, Paton MG, Karunaratne SH, Jayasuryia HT, Kalpage KS, Hemingway J. Insecticides and mosquito-borne disease. Nature. 2000;407:961–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bakker J, Clarke RJ. Wine Flavour Chemistry. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Wu A. Granular Dynamic Theory and Its Applications. Sun Y, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Morgenstern R, Morgenstern C. Assessment and Selection of the Appropriate Individualized Technique for Endoscopic Lumbar Disc Surgery. In: Menchetti PPM, editor. Minimally Invasive Surgery of the Lumbar Spine. London: Springer; 2014. p. 107–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Earth Doesn’t Get Weirder Than The Bubbling Springs Of Ethiopia [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/earth-doesnt-get-weirder-bubbling-lakes-ethiopia/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Users Differ in Views of Collision Avoidance System and Cite Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Mar. Report No.: RCED-92-113.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Sanchez G. An educational program to support Latina teen mothers: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Eligon J, Yee V, Furber M. Resurgent Cry in Minnesota Police Killing: Why? New York Times. 2017 Jul 22;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
AbbreviationJ. Occup. Med. Toxicol.
ISSN (online)1745-6673
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Toxicology
Safety Research

Other styles