How to format your references using the Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. MacDonald HR. Immunology. T before NK. Science. 2002;296:481–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Trumbore SE, Czimczik CI. Geology. An uncertain future for soil carbon. Science. 2008;321:1455–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tanjeem N, Kawazoe T, Yatsui T. CO2 phonon mode renormalization using phonon-assisted energy up-conversion. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3341.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Millard SS, Flanagan JJ, Pappu KS, Wu W, Zipursky SL. Dscam2 mediates axonal tiling in the Drosophila visual system. Nature. 2007;447:720–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cofnas A. Trading Binary Options. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Diamantopoulos A, Fritz W, Hildebrandt L, editors. Quantitative Marketing and Marketing Management: Marketing Models and Methods in Theory and Practice. Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Liao Z, Hu M, Rui M, Cao S, Liao Z. (∈ , ∈ ∨ q (λ, μ))-Fuzzy h-Ideals of Hemirings. In: Cao B-Y, Wang G-J, Guo S-Z, Chen S-L, editors. Fuzzy Information and Engineering 2010: Volume I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 27–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. BP Agrees to Pay Largest Environmental Fine in American History [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: TSA Should Limit Future Funding for Behavior Detection Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Nov. Report No.: GAO-14-159.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. DeLaney B. Youth center for improving health and wellness [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Cheever S. ‘Why Didn’t Rebecca Stop at the Railroad Crossing?’ New York Times. 2014 Jun 27;MM46.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
AbbreviationJ. Occup. Med. Toxicol.
ISSN (online)1745-6673
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

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