How to format your references using the Food Analytical Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Analytical Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Büttiker M (2009) Physics. Edge-state physics without magnetic fields. Science 325:278–279
A journal article with 2 authors
Karels TJ, Boonstra R (2000) Concurrent density dependence and independence in populations of arctic ground squirrels. Nature 408:460–463
A journal article with 3 authors
Rosin-Arbesfeld R, Townsley F, Bienz M (2000) The APC tumour suppressor has a nuclear export function. Nature 406:1009–1012
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hyman SD, Lazio TJW, Kassim NE, et al (2005) A powerful bursting radio source towards the Galactic Centre. Nature 434:50–52

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horstmeyer SL (2011) The Weather Almanac. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Khaitan SK, McCalley JD, Liu CC (eds) (2015) Cyber Physical Systems Approach to Smart Electric Power Grid. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bloothooft G, Schraagen M (2015) Learning Name Variants from Inexact High-Confidence Matches. In: Bloothooft G, Christen P, Mandemakers K, Schraagen M (eds) Population Reconstruction. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 61–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Analytical Methods.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Why Do Humans Grow So Slowly? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Highway Trust Fund: Options for Improving Sustainability and Mechanisms to Manage Solvency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bravo M (2015) The development of a viable business plan: Analytics of 30 day readmission rates for hospitals and ancillary services. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Murray Pounces After del Potro’s First-Set Stumble. New York Times SP6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Büttiker 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Karels and Boonstra 2000; Büttiker 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karels and Boonstra 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hyman et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Analytical Methods
AbbreviationFood Anal. Methods
ISSN (print)1936-9751
ISSN (online)1936-976X
ScopeFood Science
Analytical Chemistry
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Safety Research

Other styles