How to format your references using the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
von Huene R. Geophysics. When seamounts subduct. Science 2008;321:1165–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Messing GL, Stevenson AJ. Materials science. Toward pore-free ceramics. Science 2008;322:383–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lynch M, Koskella B, Schaack S. Mutation pressure and the evolution of organelle genomic architecture. Science 2006;311:1727–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Farh KK-H, Grimson A, Jan C, Lewis BP, Johnston WK, Lim LP, et al. The widespread impact of mammalian MicroRNAs on mRNA repression and evolution. Science 2005;310:1817–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ibrahim MA. Disturbance Analysis for Power Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Duy VH, Dao TT, Zelinka I, Choi H-S, Chadli M, editors. AETA 2015: Recent Advances in Electrical Engineering and Related Sciences. vol. 371. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Cuypers A, Keunen E, Bohler S, Jozefczak M, Opdenakker K, Gielen H, et al. Cadmium and Copper Stress Induce a Cellular Oxidative Challenge Leading to Damage Versus Signalling. In: Gupta DK, Sandalio LM, editors. Metal Toxicity in Plants: Perception, Signaling and Remediation, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 65–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Study Claims Antarctic Ice Is Growing, But Net Gain Will Reverse In Decades. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/antarctica-gaining-ice-not-long/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Use of Computers by Firms Providing Architect-Engineer Services to Federal Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Graves KA. An Exploration of Organizational Commitment among Generation X Leaders. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Powell M. An Athlete of His Time, Painted as a Top Villain. New York Times 2017:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada
ISSN (print)1701-2163
Scope

Other styles