How to format your references using the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Goldston D. Beware politicians bearing gifts. Nature 2009;457:649.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Verhulst S, Tinbergen JM. Variation in food supply, time of breeding, and energy expenditure in birds. Science 2001;294:471.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Xu H, DeLuca SZ, O’Farrell PH. Manipulating the metazoan mitochondrial genome with targeted restriction enzymes. Science 2008;321:575–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Martin RE, Marchetti RV, Cowan AI, Howitt SM, Bröer S, Kirk K. Chloroquine transport via the malaria parasite’s chloroquine resistance transporter. Science 2009;325:1680–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Coles A, Hawkins DG. MIDAS Technical Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Smart JC, editor. Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. vol. 24. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Krauthamer AV, Partovi S, Lyo J. Neoplastic Disease of the Spine. In: Karimi S, editor. Atlas of Brain and Spine Oncology Imaging, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 141–231.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Study Finds People Can Be Identified By The Bacteria They Breathe Out. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. ADP Budget: SSA’s Information Technology Systems Budget Requests and Obligations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Fang L. Do media help deter financial misreporting? Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. Next Stop: An a Cappella Subway Journey. New York Times 2016:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada
ISSN (print)1701-2163
Scope

Other styles