How to format your references using the Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parson WW. Biophysics. Long live electronic coherence! Science. 2007;316:1438–1439.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abbott A, Schiermeier Q. Deep roots of Nazi science revealed. Nature. 2000;407:823–824.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sparks RSJ, Biggs J, Neuberg JW. Geophysics. Monitoring volcanoes. Science. 2012;335:1310–1311.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peterson AT, Ortega-Huerta MA, Bartley J, et al. Future projections for Mexican faunas under global climate change scenarios. Nature. 2002;416:626–629.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Girmscheid G. Bauprozesse und Bauverfahren des Tunnelbaus. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
Gonzalez C, Nurse CA, Peers C, editors. Arterial Chemoreceptors: Arterial Chemoreceptors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Mandow L, de la Cruz JLP. A Memory-Efficient Search Strategy for Multiobjective Shortest Path Problems. In: Mertsching B, Hund M, Aziz Z, editors. KI 2009: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 32nd Annual German Conference on AI, Paderborn, Germany, September 15-18, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology.

Blog post
Hale T. Study Looks Into Your Chances Of Surviving A Zombie Apocalypse [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Feasibility of Requiring Financial Assurances for the Recall or Destruction of Unsafe Consumer Products. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009. Report No.: GAO-09-512R. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nagarajan S. Migration, remittances, and household health: Evidence from South Africa [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G. Changing the Formula at the Salzburg Festival. New York Times. 2012 Aug 24;0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nuclear Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Nucl. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0022-3131
ISSN (online)1881-1248
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles