How to format your references using the Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyd RW. Nuclear physics: Neutrons with a twist. Nature. 2015;525:462–464.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szolnoki A, Perc M. Defection and extortion as unexpected catalysts of unconditional cooperation in structured populations. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Irie M, Kobatake S, Horichi M. Reversible surface morphology changes of a photochromic diarylethene single crystal by photoirradiation. Science. 2001;291:1769–1772.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ashworth J, Havranek JJ, Duarte CM, et al. Computational redesign of endonuclease DNA binding and cleavage specificity. Nature. 2006;441:656–659.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes BK. Exercising Influence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Horlacher S, editor. Transgender and Intersex: Theoretical, Practical, and Artistic Perspectives. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Williams K, March L, Wassell SR. Leon Battista Alberti, De lunularum quadratura. In: Williams K, March L, Wassell SR, editors. The Mathematical Works of Leon Battista Alberti. Basel: Springer; 2010. p. 201–212.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology.

Blog post
Fang J. Easter Islanders Mixed With Native Americans Centuries Before Europeans Arrived. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. A Selected Bibliography on Computer Software Conversion. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977. Report No.: 090884. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cook AE. Gas hydrate-filled fracture reservoirs on continental margins [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Weaver MA. Why Do They Go? New York Times. 2015 Apr 14;MM42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nuclear Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Nucl. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0022-3131
ISSN (online)1881-1248
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Other styles