How to format your references using the Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Holmes JA. Ecology. How the Sahara became dry. Science. 2008;320(5877):752-753.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hunt JH, Amdam GV. Bivoltinism as an antecedent to eusociality in the paper wasp genus Polistes. Science. 2005;308(5719):264-267.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Daw R, Finkelstein J, Helmer M. Chemistry and energy. Nature. 2012;488(7411):293.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Tanzilli S, Tittel W, Halder M, et al. A photonic quantum information interface. Nature. 2005;437(7055):116-120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ghiani G, Laporte G, Musmanno R. Introduction to Logistics Systems Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Berezin V, Walmod PS, eds. Cell Adhesion Molecules: Implications in Neurological Diseases. Vol 8. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Drałus G. Study the Quality of Global Neural Model with Regard to the Local Models of Dynamic Complex System. In: Gołębiowski L, Mazur D, eds. Analysis and Simulation of Electrical and Computer Systems. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:35-61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Portugal Powered For Four Days Straight Entirely By Renewable Energy. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/portugal-powered-four-days-straight-entirely-renewable-energy/. Published May 19, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Vehicle Cybersecurity: DOT and Industry Have Efforts Under Way, but DOT Needs to Define Its Role in Responding to a Real-World Attack. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sulaiman Y. The Banteng and the Eagle: Indonesian Foreign Policy and the United States During the Era of Sukarno 1945-1967. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Johnson G. Cancer, Scourge of Affluent Nations. New York Times. December 18, 2015:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
AbbreviationJ. Nucl. Med. Technol.
ISSN (print)0091-4916
ISSN (online)1535-5675
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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