How to format your references using the Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zahn R. Climate change: Beyond the CO(2) connection. Nature. 2009;460(7253):335-336.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith MTJ, Rubinstein JL. Structural biology. Beyond blob-ology. Science. 2014;345(6197):617-619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin HK, Bergmann S, Pandolfi PP. Cytoplasmic PML function in TGF-beta signalling. Nature. 2004;431(7005):205-211.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
McQuatters-Gollop A, Reid PC, Edwards M, et al. Is there a decline in marine phytoplankton? Nature. 2011;472(7342):E6-7; discussion E8-9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denny HR, Butterworth SJ. A Guide to Canine and Feline Orthopaedic Surgery. Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Nagasaki M. Foundations of Systems Biology: Using Cell Illustrator® and Pathway Databases. Vol 13. (Saito A, Doi A, Matsuno H, Miyano S, eds.). Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Jansen C, Noll T. Generating Abstract Graph-Based Procedure Summaries for Pointer Programs. In: Giese H, König B, eds. Graph Transformation: 7th International Conference, ICGT 2014, Held as Part of STAF 2014, York, UK, July 22-24, 2014. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2014:49-64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Cannabis, Cannabinoids and Cancer – The Evidence So Far. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aircraft Certification: New FAA Approach Needed to Meet Challenges of Advanced Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Browning A. An Electronic On-Board Recorder for Intermodal Drayage Operations. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski S. Personalized Tips From a Counselor? That’s Priceless. New York Times. February 19, 2016:BU3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
AbbreviationJ. Nucl. Med. Technol.
ISSN (print)0091-4916
ISSN (online)1535-5675
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles