How to format your references using the Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kimble HJ. The quantum internet. Nature. 2008;453(7198):1023-1030.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fortey R, Chatterton B. A Devonian trilobite with an eyeshade. Science. 2003;301(5640):1689.
A journal article with 3 authors
Franzoni C, Scellato G, Stephan P. Science policy. Changing incentives to publish. Science. 2011;333(6043):702-703.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chin XY, Yin J, Wang Z, Caironi M, Soci C. Mapping polarons in polymer FETs by charge modulation microscopy in the mid-infrared. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3626.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reschetilowski W. Technisch-Chemisches Praktikum. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2002.
An edited book
Purvis M. Beginning Google Maps Applications with PHP and Ajax: From Novice to Professional. (Sambells J, Turner C, eds.). Apress; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Kjærulff UB, Madsen AL. Solving Probabilistic Networks. In: Madsen AL, ed. Bayesian Networks and Influence Diagrams: A Guide to Construction and Analysis. Information Science and Statistics. Springer; 2013:111-142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology.

Blog post
Andrew D. How Brain Implants Can Let Paralysed People Move Again. IFLScience. Published July 1, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Improved Accounting Control Over Equipment at the Kennedy Space Center. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Werbeck K-U. From rubble to revolutions and raves: Literary interrogations of German media ecologies. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinhauer J. Wounded Lawmaker Is Baseball Fan With ‘Soft-Glove Approach’ in House. New York Times. June 14, 2017:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
AbbreviationJ. Nucl. Med. Technol.
ISSN (print)0091-4916
ISSN (online)1535-5675
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles