How to format your references using the Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wilson RC. The Great Goodbye. Nature. 2000;407(6802):303.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Steiner G, Salvini-Plawen L. Acaenoplax--polychaete or mollusc? Nature. 2001;414(6864):601-602; discussion 602.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Conrad CP, Steinberger B, Torsvik TH. Conrad et al. reply. Nature. 2013;503(7477):E4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Chen B, Vogan EM, Gong H, Skehel JJ, Wiley DC, Harrison SC. Structure of an unliganded simian immunodeficiency virus gp120 core. Nature. 2005;433(7028):834-841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kaplan W. Maxima and Minima with Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1998.
An edited book
1.
Gaggin HK, Januzzi JL Jr, eds. MGH Cardiology Board Review. Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Abdinia S, van Roermund AHM, Cantatore E. Analogue and Mixed-Signal Circuit Design. In: van Roermund A, Cantatore E, eds. Design of Organic Complementary Circuits and Systems on Foil. Analog Circuits and Signal Processing. Springer International Publishing; 2015:69-91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Photographer and Leopard Seal Come Face-to-Face. IFLScience. Published April 15, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/photographer-and-leopard-seal-come-face-face/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Critical Infrastructure Protection: Significant Challenges in Protecting Federal Systems and Developing Analysis and Warning Capabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Joseph OW. A study of the effectiveness of mentor roles in a rural school district. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Stolberg SG, Nixon R. Another City, Another Death in Public Eye. New York Times. April 22, 2015:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
AbbreviationJ. Nucl. Med. Technol.
ISSN (print)0091-4916
ISSN (online)1535-5675
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles