How to format your references using the Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang K. Sampling biases in datasets of historical mean air temperature over land. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4637.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hennessy ET, Betley TA. Complex N-heterocycle synthesis via iron-catalyzed, direct C-H bond amination. Science. 2013;340(6132):591-595.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davies PCW, Davis TM, Lineweaver CH. Black holes constrain varying constants. Nature. 2002;418(6898):602-603.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hale RC, La Guardia MJ, Harvey EP, Gaylor MO, Mainor TM, Duff WH. Flame retardants. Persistent pollutants in land-applied sludges. Nature. 2001;412(6843):140-141.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abutarbush SM. Illustrated Guide to Equine Diseases. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Siebold R, Dejour D, Zaffagnini S, eds. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Practical Surgical Guide. Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Tveito A, Langtangen HP, Nielsen BF, Cai X. Nonlinear Algebraic Equations. In: Langtangen HP, Nielsen BF, Cai X, eds. Elements of Scientific Computing. Texts in Computational Science and Engineering. Springer; 2010:99-145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology.

Blog post
Evans K. Round The World Trip Planned For First Boat Powered Entirely By Green Energy. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on FAA Reimbursement of Employees’ Ferry Fares]. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strand K. Applying Public Relations Theory to Assess Service-Learning Relationships. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo K. Tom Allen on His 32-Country Solo Bike Ride and the Video He Made About It. New York Times. February 23, 2014:TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
AbbreviationJ. Nucl. Med. Technol.
ISSN (print)0091-4916
ISSN (online)1535-5675
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles