How to format your references using the Journal of Nuclear Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nuclear Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman M (2007) Copycat consolidation. Nature 449:393
A journal article with 2 authors
Kriwacki RW, Yoon M-K (2011) Cell biology. Fishing in the nuclear pore. Science 333:44–45
A journal article with 3 authors
Orlitsky A, Santhanam NP, Zhang J (2003) Always Good Turing: asymptotically optimal probability estimation. Science 302:427–431
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xiao BB, Zhu YF, Lang XY, et al (2014) Al13@Pt42 core-shell cluster for oxygen reduction reaction. Sci Rep 4:5205

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chartered Institute of Building (2014) Code of Practice for Project Management for Construction and Development. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Cazals F, Kornprobst P (2013) Modeling in Computational Biology and Biomedicine: A Multidisciplinary Endeavor. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lovekin CC, Guzik JA (2013) Pulsations in Hot Massive Stars. In: Suárez JC, Garrido R, Balona LA, Christensen-Dalsgaard J (eds) Stellar Pulsations: Impact of New Instrumentation and New Insights. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 27–31

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nuclear Cardiology.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Priceless Specimens Destroyed In A Fire At India’s Natural History Museum. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Response to Specific Questions on the Indian Point Probabilistic Safety Study. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gallardo-Macias R (2009) Tin (II) compounds as novel catalysts for the Kabachnik-Fields reaction: Studies in the synthesis of alpha-aminophosphonates under solvent free conditions and Synthesis of phosphonates and phosphates as reversible and irreversible inhibitors of butyrylcholinesterase. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Court Upholds Arizona Limits Imposed on Insanity Defense. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
AbbreviationJ. Nucl. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1071-3581
ISSN (online)1532-6551
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles