How to format your references using the Journal of Nuclear Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nuclear Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowler PJ (2009) Darwin’s Originality. Science 323:223–226
A journal article with 2 authors
Carrizosa E, Mempel TR (2015) Immunology: In the right place at the right time. Nature 528:205–206
A journal article with 3 authors
Fouchier RAM, Herfst S, Osterhaus ADME (2012) Public health and biosecurity. Restricted data on influenza H5N1 virus transmission. Science 335:662–663
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ma HF, Wang GZ, Jiang WX, Cui TJ (2014) Independent control of differently-polarized waves using anisotropic gradient-index metamaterials. Sci Rep 4:6337

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaufman JJ, Woodhead R (2006) Stimulating Innovation in Products and Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Burke EK, Kendall G (2005) Search Methodologies: Introductory Tutorials in Optimization and Decision Support Techniques. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Dyreson C, Jin H (2009) A Synthetic, Trend-Based Benchmark for XPath. In: Chen L, Liu C, Liu Q, Deng K (eds) Database Systems for Advanced Applications: DASFAA 2009 International Workshops: BenchmarX, MCIS, WDPP, PPDA, MBC, PhD, Brisbane, Australia, April 20 - 23, 2009. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nuclear Cardiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) New Technology Can Be The Difference Between Life And Death In A Disaster. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Developing and Using Questionnaires. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watterson T (2012) Changes in Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Social Support for Middle School Students Using the AFIT App as a Supplement to Instruction in a Physical Education Class. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt MS, Apuzzo M, Haberman M (2017) Mueller Is Said to Seek White House Interviews in Russia Inquiry. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
AbbreviationJ. Nucl. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1071-3581
ISSN (online)1532-6551
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles