How to format your references using the Journal of Nuclear Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nuclear Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kerr RA (2000) GREENHOUSE WARMING: Dueling Models: Future U.S. Climate Uncertain. Science 288:2113
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Feng W, Takemoto K (2014) Heterogeneity in ecological mutualistic networks dominantly determines community stability. Sci Rep 4:5912
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lee J, Abdeen AA, Kilian KA (2014) Rewiring mesenchymal stem cell lineage specification by switching the biophysical microenvironment. Sci Rep 4:5188
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kanbach G, Straubmeier C, Spruit HC, Belloni T (2001) Correlated fast X-ray and optical variability in the black-hole candidate XTE J1118+480. Nature 414:180–182

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schumann W (2006) Dynamics of the Bacterial Chromosome. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
1.
Bauche J (2015) Atomic Properties in Hot Plasmas: From Levels to Superconfigurations, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Schönthaler F, Vossen G, Oberweis A, Karle T (2012) Areas of Application. In: Vossen G, Oberweis A, Karle T (eds) Business Processes for Business Communities: Modeling Languages, Methods, Tools. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 137–173

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nuclear Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) HIV Latency: A High-Stakes Game Of Hide And Seek. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/hiv-latency-high-stakes-game-hide-and-seek/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1977) Learning Disabilities: The Link to Delinquency Should Be Determined, but Schools Should Do More Now. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Delcambre ML (2014) Finite Difference Schemes for a Structured Model of Mycobacterium marinum. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2010) On the Streets of New York, Cheers for the World. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
AbbreviationJ. Nucl. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1071-3581
ISSN (online)1532-6551
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles