How to format your references using the Antioxidants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antioxidants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blobel, G. Christian de Duve (1917-2013). Nature 2013, 498, 300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barron, A.B.; Brown, M.J.F. Science Journalism: Let’s Talk about Sex. Nature 2012, 488, 151–152.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma, J.-B.; Ye, K.; Patel, D.J. Structural Basis for Overhang-Specific Small Interfering RNA Recognition by the PAZ Domain. Nature 2004, 429, 318–322.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin, J.-H.; Patil, R.A.; Devan, R.S.; Liu, Z.-A.; Wang, Y.-P.; Ho, C.-H.; Liou, Y.; Ma, Y.-R. Photoluminescence Mechanisms of Metallic Zn Nanospheres, Semiconducting ZnO Nanoballoons, and Metal-Semiconductor Zn/ZnO Nanospheres. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6967.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Renaud, B.; Kim, K.-H.; Cho, M. Dynamics of Housing in East Asia; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016; ISBN 9781119073635.
An edited book
Henning, M.A. Total Domination in Graphs; Yeo, A., Ed.; Springer Monographs in Mathematics; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; ISBN 9781461465249.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, H.; Silva, E.A.; Wang, Q. Simulating the Dynamics of Creative Industries’ Interactions with Urban Land Use by Agent-Based Modelling. In Creative Industries and Urban Spatial Structure: Agent-based Modelling of the Dynamics in Nanjing; Silva, E.A., Wang, Q., Eds.; Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 101–133 ISBN 9783319166094.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antioxidants.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Scientists Discover Plants Have “Brains” That Determine When They Grow Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Highway Contracting: Disadvantaged Business Program Meets Contract Goal, but Refinements Are Needed; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, R.N. Inclusive Classrooms: A Basic Qualitative Study of K-8 Urban Charter School Teachers. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University: Minneapolis, MN, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. Bolshoi Decides It’s Over Before “Fat” Lady Dances. New York Times 2003, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntioxidants
AbbreviationAntioxidants (Basel)
ISSN (online)2076-3921
Cell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology

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