How to format your references using the Antioxidants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antioxidants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, P. Antibodies Where You Want Them. Nature 2003, 426, 729.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bliss, T.; Schoepfer, R. Neuroscience. Controlling the Ups and Downs of Synaptic Strength. Science 2004, 304, 973–974.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmberg, V.C.; Panthani, M.G.; Korgel, B.A. Phase Transitions, Melting Dynamics, and Solid-State Diffusion in a Nano Test Tube. Science 2009, 326, 405–407.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sigurdsson, S.; Richer, H.B.; Hansen, B.M.; Stairs, I.H.; Thorsett, S.E. A Young White Dwarf Companion to Pulsar B1620-26: Evidence for Early Planet Formation. Science 2003, 301, 193–196.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stenning, A.; Smith, A.; Rochovská, A.; Świa̧tek, D. Domesticating Neo-Liberalism; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010; ISBN 9781444325409.
An edited book
Akiyoshi, H. Punctured Torus Groups and 2-Bridge Knot Groups (I); Sakuma, M., Wada, M., Yamashita, Y., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Mathematics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; Vol. 1909; ISBN 9783540718062.
A chapter in an edited book
Caflisch, L. Maritime Delimitation Disputes — What Modes of Settlement? In The Hamburg Lectures on Maritime Affairs 2009 & 2010; Basedow, J., Magnus, U., Wolfrum, R., Eds.; Hamburg Studies on Maritime Affairs; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 69–87 ISBN 9783642274183.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antioxidants.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Why Antioxidants Might Actually Make Your Cancer Worse Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office California High-Speed Passenger Rail: Project Estimates Could Be Improved to Better Inform Future Decisions; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2013;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rosie, S.A. Examining Stakeholder Perceptions of Educational Success in the Malagasy Public Education System. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Maslin, J. There’s a New Detective in Town, and She’s Fierce. New York Times 2017, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntioxidants
AbbreviationAntioxidants (Basel)
ISSN (online)2076-3921
Cell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology

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