How to format your references using the Antioxidants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antioxidants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gille, S.T. Warming of the Southern Ocean since the 1950s. Science 2002, 295, 1275–1277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gourlay, C.M.; Dahle, A.K. Dilatant shear bands in solidifying metals. Nature 2007, 445, 70–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abundo, C.; Monterola, C.; Legara, E.F. Criticality of forcing directions on the fragmentation and resilience of grid networks. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6195.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
White, R.M.; Cech, J.; Ratanasirintrawoot, S.; Lin, C.Y.; Rahl, P.B.; Burke, C.J.; Langdon, E.; Tomlinson, M.L.; Mosher, J.; Kaufman, C.; et al. DHODH modulates transcriptional elongation in the neural crest and melanoma. Nature 2011, 471, 518–522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cross, M.; MacDonald, B. Nutrition in Institutions; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2008; ISBN 9781444301663.
An edited book
Evgen’ev, M.B. Heat Shock Proteins and Whole Body Adaptation to Extreme Environments; Garbuz, D.G., Zatsepina, O.G., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; ISBN 9789401792349.
A chapter in an edited book
Lay, G. Plant Engineering: Old Wine in New Skins. In Servitization in Industry; Lay, G., Ed.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 73–89 ISBN 9783319069340.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antioxidants.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Staring Into Someone’s Eyes For 10 Minutes Can Alter Your Consciousness Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office ADP Modernization: IRS’ Tax System Redesign Progress and Plans for the Future; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1988;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Loden, M.R. The rhetorical elephant in the room: How three political action committees are strategically [re]defining the U.S. Republican Party. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. It’s Not Their Party, but They’ll Still Take Levy. New York Times 2007, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntioxidants
AbbreviationAntioxidants (Basel)
ISSN (online)2076-3921
Cell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology

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