How to format your references using the Antioxidants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antioxidants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forde, A. The class of 2005: Germany. Tracking pollutants. Science 2005, 310, 521.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yamagata, M.; Sanes, J.R. Dscam and Sidekick proteins direct lamina-specific synaptic connections in vertebrate retina. Nature 2008, 451, 465–469.
A journal article with 3 authors
Doligez, B.; Danchin, E.; Clobert, J. Public information and breeding habitat selection in a wild bird population. Science 2002, 297, 1168–1170.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, Y.; Zhang, L.; Xu, S.; Hu, L.; Hurst, L.D.; Kong, X. Identification of two maternal transmission ratio distortion loci in pedigrees of the Framingham heart study. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2147.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Webb, R.C. Tele-Visionaries; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005; ISBN 9780471743712.
An edited book
Geometric Methods in Physics: XXXIII Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 29 – July 5, 2014; Kielanowski, P., Bieliavsky, P., Odzijewicz, A., Schlichenmaier, M., Voronov, T., Eds.; Trends in Mathematics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319182117.
A chapter in an edited book
Dong, L.; Chen, K. Security Analysis of Real World Protocols. In Cryptographic Protocol: Security Analysis Based on Trusted Freshness; Chen, K., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 153–213 ISBN 9783642240720.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antioxidants.

Blog post
Andrews, R. US Senate Fails To Pass $1.1 Billion Anti-Zika Funding Bill For Third Consecutive Time (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Child Care: Information on Integrating Early Care and Education Funding; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2016;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delcambre, M.L. Finite Difference Schemes for a Structured Model of Mycobacterium marinum. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. Cowboys Have It All (Including, Somehow, a Losing Record). New York Times 2017, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntioxidants
AbbreviationAntioxidants (Basel)
ISSN (online)2076-3921
Cell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology

Other styles