How to format your references using the Antioxidants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antioxidants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Charron, D.J. Obituary: Jean Dausset (1916-2009). Nature 2009, 460, 338.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stahl, A.E.; Feigenson, L. Cognitive Development. Observing the Unexpected Enhances Infants’ Learning and Exploration. Science 2015, 348, 91–94.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmberg, J.; Clarke, D.L.; Frisén, J. Regulation of Repulsion versus Adhesion by Different Splice Forms of an Eph Receptor. Nature 2000, 408, 203–206.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Potapova, T.A.; Daum, J.R.; Pittman, B.D.; Hudson, J.R.; Jones, T.N.; Satinover, D.L.; Stukenberg, P.T.; Gorbsky, G.J. The Reversibility of Mitotic Exit in Vertebrate Cells. Nature 2006, 440, 954–958.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bauer, E. Design for Reliability; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9781118075104.
An edited book
Tools for High Performance Computing 2009: Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Parallel Tools for High Performance Computing, September 2009, ZIH, Dresden; Müller, M.S., Resch, M.M., Schulz, A., Nagel, W.E., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; ISBN 9783642112607.
A chapter in an edited book
Simões, M.F.; Pereira, L.; Santos, C.; Lima, N. Polyphasic Identification and Preservation of Fungal Diversity: Concepts and Applications. In Management of Microbial Resources in the Environment; Malik, A., Grohmann, E., Alves, M., Eds.; Clinical toxicology; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; pp. 91–117 ISBN 9789400759305.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antioxidants.

Blog post
Andrew, E. New Young Planet Could Help Unlock Jupiter’s Past Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office The Near-Term Potential of Manufacturing in Space; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1980;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chamberlin, A.A. Academic-Related Factors and Emotional Eating in Adolescents. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D.; Nixon, R. Vetting Is Little Changed Since Calls for Travel Ban. New York Times 2017, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntioxidants
AbbreviationAntioxidants (Basel)
ISSN (online)2076-3921
Cell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology

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