How to format your references using the Antioxidants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antioxidants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Foster, P.L. Comment on “A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorus.” Science 2011, 332, 1149; author reply 1149.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Legler, B.; Moore, G. East German academics faced unfair hurdles. Nature 2000, 403, 130.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Parkin, S.S.P.; Hayashi, M.; Thomas, L. Magnetic domain-wall racetrack memory. Science 2008, 320, 190–194.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Henry Huang, X.M.; Zorman, C.A.; Mehregany, M.; Roukes, M.L. Nanoelectromechanical systems: Nanodevice motion at microwave frequencies. Nature 2003, 421, 496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kim, Y.-H. Sound Propagation; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2010; ISBN 9780470825853.
An edited book
1.
ISIAME 2008: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Industrial Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ISIAME 2008) held in Budapest, Hungary, 17–22 August 2008; Kuzmann, E., Lázár, K., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; ISBN 9783642013690.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Suoranta, S.; Andrade, A.; Aura, T. Strong Authentication with Mobile Phone. In Information Security: 15th International Conference, ISC 2012, Passau, Germany, September 19-21, 2012. Proceedings; Gollmann, D., Freiling, F.C., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 70–85 ISBN 9783642333828.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antioxidants.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. How World War II Spurred Vaccine Innovation Available online: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-world-war-ii-spurred-vaccine-innovation/ (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office 21st Century Challenges: Reexamining the Base of the Federal Government; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Powell, J.E. Menasha Litigation: Wake-Up Call or Just A False Alarm. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
McKINLEY, J.; Fitzsimmons, E.G. Ride-Sharing Apps See Potential Upstate. New York Times 2015, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntioxidants
AbbreviationAntioxidants (Basel)
ISSN (online)2076-3921
ScopeBiochemistry
Cell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Physiology

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