How to format your references using the Journal of Northeast Agricultural University citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Northeast Agricultural University. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Eastern promises. Nature. 2003 Mar 13;422(6928):239.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirchner JW, Weil A. Delayed biological recovery from extinctions throughout the fossil record. Nature. 2000 Mar 9;404(6774):177–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou Z, Barrett PM, Hilton J. An exceptionally preserved Lower Cretaceous ecosystem. Nature. 2003 Feb 20;421(6925):807–14.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Feng P, Niu M, Gao C, Peng S, Shuai C. A novel two-step sintering for nano-hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 7;4:5599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chatterji S, Hedges P. Loan Workouts and Debt for Equity Swaps. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Sawant N. Big Data Application Architecture Q & A: A Problem-Solution Approach. Shah H, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Kosec M, Malič B, Benčan A, Rojac T. KNN-Based Piezoelectric Ceramics. In: Safari A, Akdoğan EK, editors. Piezoelectric and Acoustic Materials for Transducer Applications. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008. p. 81–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Northeast Agricultural University.

Blog post
Carpineti C. Watch This Cyborg Dragonfly Drone Take Flight. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Economies Obtainable by Increasing Days at Sea of Oceanographic Research and Survey Ships. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970 Jan. Report No.: B-133188.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valenzuela MA. Pitties for the Kiddies: An Animal-Assisted Therapy Program [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr. Prosecutor Declined To Pursue Allegations. New York Times. 2017 Oct 12;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kirchner and Weil 2000; Smaglik 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirchner and Weil 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Feng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Northeast Agricultural University
AbbreviationJ. Northeast Agric. Univ.
ISSN (print)1006-8104

Other styles