How to format your references using the Journal of Northeast Agricultural University citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Northeast Agricultural University. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watson A. EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY: New Science Chief Must Juggle Missions and Politics. Science. 2000 Nov 17;290(5495):1287a–8a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karijolich J, Yu YT. Converting nonsense codons into sense codons by targeted pseudouridylation. Nature. 2011 Jun 15;474(7351):395–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alonso S, Sagués F, Mikhailov AS. Taming Winfree turbulence of scroll waves in excitable media. Science. 2003 Mar 14;299(5613):1722–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stuber GD, Sparta DR, Stamatakis AM, van Leeuwen WA, Hardjoprajitno JE, Cho S, et al. Excitatory transmission from the amygdala to nucleus accumbens facilitates reward seeking. Nature. 2011 Jun 29;475(7356):377–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson JB. Digital Transmission Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Mandal P, Vong J, editors. Development of Tourism and the Hospitality Industry in Southeast Asia. Singapore: Springer; 2016. (Managing the Asian Century).
A chapter in an edited book
Colledani M, Matta A, Tolio T. Performance evaluation of production lines with finite buffer capacity producing two different products. In: Liberopoulos G, Papadopoulos CT, Tan B, Smith JM, Gershwin SB, editors. Stochastic Modeling of Manufacturing Systems: Advances in Design, Performance Evaluation, and Control Issues. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 77–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Northeast Agricultural University.

Blog post
Fang J. Sidewinder Robot Scales Sandy Slopes With Ease [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Maritime Administration: Weaknesses Identified in Management of the Title XI Loan Guarantee Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 May. Report No.: GAO-03-728T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strong M. Investigation and Characterization of Features on a Cretaceous-Paleogene Seismic Horizon in Northern Louisiana [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Where Art Is in the Air, and in the Ground. New York Times. 2013 Oct 20;WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watson 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Watson 2000; Karijolich and Yu 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karijolich and Yu 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Stuber et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Northeast Agricultural University
AbbreviationJ. Northeast Agric. Univ.
ISSN (print)1006-8104

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