How to format your references using the Journal of Northeast Agricultural University citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Northeast Agricultural University. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell G. Distalization of the Drosophila leg by graded EGF-receptor activity. Nature. 2002 Aug 15;418(6899):781–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shinbrot T, Muzzio FJ. Noise to order. Nature. 2001 Mar 8;410(6825):251–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jin J, Ouyang Z, Wang Z. Association of fruit and vegetables with the risk of nasopharyngeal cancer: evidence from a meta-analysis. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 10;4:5229.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nie J, Stevens T, Song Y, King JW, Zhang R, Ji S, et al. Pacific freshening drives Pliocene cooling and Asian monsoon intensification. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 27;4:5474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
German Geotechnical Society. Recommendations for Design and Analysis of Earth Structures using Geosynthetic Reinforcements - EBGEO. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2012.
An edited book
Gautschi W, Mastroianni G, Rassias TM, editors. Approximation and Computation: In Honor of Gradimir V. Milovanović. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. (Springer Optimization and Its Applications; vol. 42).
A chapter in an edited book
Klein JA, Lee FT, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Brace CL. Overview of Thermal Ablation Devices: Microwave. In: Clark T, Sabharwal T, editors. Interventional Radiology Techniques in Ablation. London: Springer; 2013. p. 21–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Northeast Agricultural University.

Blog post
Andrew E. Titan Smells Like Gasoline And Farts [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Challenges of Protecting Personal Information in an Expanding Federal Computer Network Environment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Apr. Report No.: LCD-76-102.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard-Skipper J. Leadership that promotes teacher empowerment among urban middle school science teachers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. Clay Mates. New York Times. 2010 Aug 22;M2160.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campbell 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Shinbrot and Muzzio 2001; Campbell 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shinbrot and Muzzio 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Nie et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Northeast Agricultural University
AbbreviationJ. Northeast Agric. Univ.
ISSN (print)1006-8104

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