How to format your references using the Journal of Northeast Agricultural University citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Northeast Agricultural University. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jacob NP. IBI* series winner. Investigating Arabia Mountain: a molecular approach. Science. 2012 Mar 30;335(6076):1588–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lazazzera BA, Hughes D. Genetics: Location affects sporulation. Nature. 2015 Sep 3;525(7567):42–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richards-Dinger K, Stein RS, Toda S. Decay of aftershock density with distance does not indicate triggering by dynamic stress. Nature. 2010 Sep 30;467(7315):583–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pannetier M, Fermon C, Le Goff G, Simola J, Kerr E. Femtotesla magnetic field measurement with magnetoresistive sensors. Science. 2004 Jun 11;304(5677):1648–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bruen GO. WHOIS Running the Internet. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Hammarlund-Udenaes M, de Lange ECM, Thorne RG, editors. Drug Delivery to the Brain: Physiological Concepts, Methodologies and Approaches. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. (AAPS Advances in the Pharmaceutical Sciences Series; vol. 10).
A chapter in an edited book
Sverdlov V, Selberherr S. Spin-Based CMOS-Compatible Devices. In: Lirkov I, Margenov SD, Waśniewski J, editors. Large-Scale Scientific Computing: 10th International Conference, LSSC 2015, Sozopol, Bulgaria, June 8-12, 2015 Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 42–9. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Northeast Agricultural University.

Blog post
Andrew D. Only 25 Hainan Gibbons Remain – What Next for the World’s Rarest Primate? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Effectiveness of State .08 Blood Alcohol Laws. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Jun. Report No.: RCED-99-179.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanute PJ. What power? A mixed methods study of nonformal education teacher perceptions of social power [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yeginsu C, Rao PS. Malala Yousafzai, Girls’ Advocate Shot by Taliban, Has Been Accepted to Oxford. New York Times. 2017 Aug 17;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jacob 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Jacob 2012; Lazazzera and Hughes 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lazazzera and Hughes 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Pannetier et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Northeast Agricultural University
AbbreviationJ. Northeast Agric. Univ.
ISSN (print)1006-8104

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