How to format your references using the Journal of Northeast Agricultural University citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Northeast Agricultural University. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schadt EE. Molecular networks as sensors and drivers of common human diseases. Nature. 2009 Sep 10;461(7261):218–23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vivier E, Biron CA. Immunology. A pathogen receptor on natural killer cells. Science. 2002 May 17;296(5571):1248–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thore S, Leibundgut M, Ban N. Structure of the eukaryotic thiamine pyrophosphate riboswitch with its regulatory ligand. Science. 2006 May 26;312(5777):1208–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Alff L, Krockenberger Y, Welter B, Schonecke M, Gross R, Manske D, et al. A hidden pseudogap under the “dome” of superconductivity in electron-doped high-temperature superconductors. Nature. 2003 Apr 17;422(6933):698–701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laheurte JM, Ripoll C, Paret D, Loussert C. UHF RFID Technologies for Identification and Traceability. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Rebeiro C. Timing Channels in Cryptography: A Micro-Architectural Perspective. Mukhopadhyay D, Bhattacharya S, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Velde B, Barré P. Clay Minerals in Soils: The Interface Between Plants and the Mineral World. In: Barré P, editor. Soils, Plants and Clay Minerals: Mineral and Biologic Interactions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 129–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Northeast Agricultural University.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Solar Impulse 2 Prepares For Final Leg Of Its Journey Around The World On Solar Power [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jan. Report No.: AA-96-13(1).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tillman KA. Constructing the Concept of Time: Roles of Perception, Language, and Culture [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr. Prosecutor Declined To Pursue Allegations. New York Times. 2017 Oct 12;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schadt 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Vivier and Biron 2002; Schadt 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vivier and Biron 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Alff et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Northeast Agricultural University
AbbreviationJ. Northeast Agric. Univ.
ISSN (print)1006-8104

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