How to format your references using the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Chalmers M. Cosmology: Out of the darkness. Nature 2012;490:S2-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Northrup AB, MacMillan DWC. Two-step synthesis of carbohydrates by selective aldol reactions. Science 2004;305:1752–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Chen R-P, Chew K-H, He S. Dynamic control of collapse in a vortex Airy beam. Sci Rep 2013;3:1406.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Li B, Gogol M, Carey M, et al. Combined action of PHD and chromo domains directs the Rpd3S HDAC to transcribed chromatin. Science 2007;316:1050–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Katsilambros N, Diakoumopoulou E, Ioannidis I, et al. Diabetes in Clinical Practice. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2006.
An edited book
1
Moraglio A, Silva S, Krawiec K, et al., editors. Genetic Programming: 15th European Conference, EuroGP 2012, Málaga, Spain, April 11-13, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Horn D, Wagner T, Biermann D, et al. Model-Based Multi-objective Optimization: Taxonomy, Multi-Point Proposal, Toolbox and Benchmark. In: Gaspar-Cunha A, Henggeler Antunes C, Coello CC, eds. Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part I. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2015. 64–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry.

Blog post
1
Andrew D. New Data Shows Sexual Boundaries Are Changing – But What Do We Really Know? IFLScience. 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Financial Education and Counseling Pilot Program. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Salters DD. The effects of independent reading on the reading comprehension skills of sixth-grade students. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Baker L. Reviving a Poor Neighborhood for Its Inhabitants. New York Times. 2010;:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
AbbreviationJ. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0022-3050
ISSN (online)1468-330X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Surgery

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