How to format your references using the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Carr AM. Checking that replication breakdown is not terminal. Science 2002;297:557–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Tamaru H, Selker EU. A histone H3 methyltransferase controls DNA methylation in Neurospora crassa. Nature 2001;414:277–83.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Kalisz S, Vogler DW, Hanley KM. Context-dependent autonomous self-fertilization yields reproductive assurance and mixed mating. Nature 2004;430:884–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Dominici N, Ivanenko YP, Cappellini G, et al. Locomotor primitives in newborn babies and their development. Science 2011;334:997–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Gerardi MH. Settleability Problems and Loss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2003.
An edited book
1
Vincent J-L, editor. Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Zäpfel G, Braune R, Bögl M. Metaheuristics Based on Solution Construction. In: Braune R, Bögl M, eds. Metaheuristic Search Concepts: A Tutorial with Applications to Production and Logistics. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2010. 75–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Revealed: First Warm-Blooded Fish (And We’ve Been Eating It For Years). IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/revealed-first-warm-blooded-fish-and-we-ve-been-eating-it-years/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Space Operations: Listing of NASA Scientific Missions, 1980-2000. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Urshel CL. The Technical Adequacy of Standards-Derived Curriculum-Based Measures for Reading Comprehension and Math Computation in Middle School. 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Greenhouse L. Just Answer the Question. New York Times. 2010;:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
AbbreviationJ. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0022-3050
ISSN (online)1468-330X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Surgery

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