How to format your references using the European Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cooper AI (2015) Materials chemistry: cooperative carbon capture. Nature 519:294–295
A journal article with 2 authors
Ackland GJ, Butler D (2001) Pack formation in cycling and orienteering. Nature 413:127
A journal article with 3 authors
Li Y, Yi M, Zou X (2014) The linear interplay of intrinsic and extrinsic noises ensures a high accuracy of cell fate selection in budding yeast. Sci Rep 4:5764
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Giacomini KM, Krauss RM, Roden DM, et al (2007) When good drugs go bad. Nature 446:975–977

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garg VK (2005) Concurrent and Distributed Computing in Java. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wen Z, Li T (eds) (2014) Knowledge Engineering and Management: Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering, Shenzhen, China, Nov 2013 (ISKE 2013). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kensche D, Quix C, Chatti MA, Jarke M (2007) GeRoMe: A Generic Role Based Metamodel for Model Management. In: Spaccapietra S, Atzeni P, Fages F, et al. (eds) Journal on Data Semantics VIII. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 82–117

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) LightSail Loses Contact Thanks To Software Glitch. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Federal Research: Policies Guiding the Dissemination of Scientific Research from Selected Agencies Should Be Clarified and Better Communicated. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mackay EA (2009) Title I funding allocation of reserve funds after increased standards for academic proficiency under the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) U.S. Roster Soap Opera Settled on Daytime TV. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cooper 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ackland and Butler 2001; Cooper 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ackland and Butler 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Giacomini et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationEur. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1612-4669
ISSN (online)1612-4677
Plant Science

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