How to format your references using the European Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ryan AJ (2009) Journal club. A chemist welcomes an ingenious advance in plastics technology. Nature 458:553
A journal article with 2 authors
Haass C, Kahle PJ (2001) Neuroscience. Parkin and its substrates. Science 293:224–225
A journal article with 3 authors
Gavazzi G, Bisio A, Pozzo T (2013) Time perception of visual motion is tuned by the motor representation of human actions. Sci Rep 3:1168
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hu J, Shibata Y, Voss C, et al (2008) Membrane proteins of the endoplasmic reticulum induce high-curvature tubules. Science 319:1247–1250

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rich P (2011) Understanding, Assessing, and Rehabilitating Juvenile Sexual Offenders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kozlov VV, Buslaev AP, Bugaev AS, et al (eds) (2013) Traffic and Granular Flow ’11. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Monnot B, Ruths J (2016) Sensitivity of Network Controllability to Weight-Based Edge Thresholding. In: Cherifi H, Gonçalves B, Menezes R, Sinatra R (eds) Complex Networks VII: Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Complex Networks CompleNet 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 45–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) SpaceX Just Teased Us With A Video Of Its Biggest Rocket Ever. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Student Loans: Improvements in the Direct Loan Consolidation Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Volkmer JE (2010) The Cretaceous-Tertiary tectonic evolution of the Lhasa Terrane, Tibet. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2014) ‘A Coarse Pleasure’ In Stories of Impostors. New York Times A25B

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ryan 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Haass and Kahle 2001; Ryan 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haass and Kahle 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationEur. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1612-4669
ISSN (online)1612-4677
Plant Science

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