How to format your references using the European Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chudler EH (2010) SPORE series winner. Resources for anyone interested in the brain. Science 328:1648–1649
A journal article with 2 authors
Kropman MF, Bakker HJ (2001) Dynamics of water molecules in aqueous solvation shells. Science 291:2118–2120
A journal article with 3 authors
Sigman DM, Jaccard SL, Haug GH (2004) Polar ocean stratification in a cold climate. Nature 428:59–63
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mogi I, Morimoto R, Aogaki R, Watanabe K (2013) Surface chirality induced by rotational electrodeposition in magnetic fields. Sci Rep 3:2574

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramirez J (2011) Handbook of Corporate Equity Derivatives and Equity Capital Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Pippan R, Gumbsch P (eds) (2010) Multiscale Modelling of Plasticity and Fracture by Means of Dislocation Mechanics. Springer, Vienna
A chapter in an edited book
Cullen DE (2010) Nuclear Data Preparation. In: Cacuci DG (ed) Handbook of Nuclear Engineering. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 279–425

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) Watch How Easily A Rat Can Wriggle Up Your Toilet. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children: Federal Support for Developing Language and Literacy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butler-Roberts J (2017) Fashioning distinction: construction of identity through dress and photography in nineteenth-century Paris. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Back of Rotation Helps Mets Get First Exhibition Win. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chudler 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kropman and Bakker 2001; Chudler 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kropman and Bakker 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Mogi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationEur. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1612-4669
ISSN (online)1612-4677
Plant Science

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