How to format your references using the European Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joiner S (2000) OPTICS: The Internet of Tomorrow. Science 290:1907–1908
A journal article with 2 authors
Dye C, Williams BG (2010) The population dynamics and control of tuberculosis. Science 328:856–861
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonzalez S, Kitchener AC, Lister AM (2000) Survival of the Irish elk into the Holocene. Nature 405:753–754
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Striepens N, Kendrick KM, Hanking V, et al (2013) Elevated cerebrospinal fluid and blood concentrations of oxytocin following its intranasal administration in humans. Sci Rep 3:3440

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fabozzi FJ, Drake PP (2009) Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Povh B (2006) Particles and Nuclei: An Introduction to the Physical Concepts, Fifth Edition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Trautschold M, Mazo G (2010) Windows PC Media and File Transfer. In: Mazo G, Anglin S, Markham J, et al. (eds) BlackBerry Curve Made Simple: For the BlackBerry Curve 8520, 8530 and 8500 Series. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 105–124

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Mining For Metals In Society’s Waste. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Computer Operations: FAA Needs to Implement an Effective Capacity Management Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Naughton CC (2013) Assessing Appropriate Technology Handwashing Stations in Mali, West Africa. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kennedy R, Davey M (2013) Detroit’s Creditors Eye Its Art Collection. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Joiner 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Joiner 2000; Dye and Williams 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dye and Williams 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Striepens et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationEur. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1612-4669
ISSN (online)1612-4677
Plant Science

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