How to format your references using the European Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Forest Research (Eur J Forest Res). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gasse F (2002) Paleoclimate. Kilimanjaro’s secrets revealed. Science 298:548–549
A journal article with 2 authors
Atencia J, Beebe DJ (2005) Controlled microfluidic interfaces. Nature 437:648–655
A journal article with 3 authors
Sreekanth KV, De Luca A, Strangi G (2013) Experimental demonstration of surface and bulk plasmon polaritons in hypergratings. Sci Rep 3:3291
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang S, Yu M, Deng H, et al (2014) Polyclonal rabbit anti-human ovarian cancer globulins inhibit tumor growth through apoptosis involving the caspase signaling. Sci Rep 4:4984

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cousley RRJ (2013) The Orthodontic Mini-Implant Clinical Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex UK
An edited book
Jain R, Jain S, Stephan F (eds) (2015) Theory and Applications of Models of Computation: 12th Annual Conference, TAMC 2015, Singapore, May 18-20, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Hussain OK, Dillon TS, Hussain FK, Chang EJ (2013) Risk Assessment Phase: Performance Risk Assessment in Business Activities. In: Dillon TS, Hussain FK, Chang EJ (eds) Risk Assessment and Management in the Networked Economy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 107–150

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Polar Bear Cam Captures Life From The Bears Persepctive. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) [Aging Issues in the 1980’s: A Computerized Information System]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McNamee L (2017) Best Practices in Higher Education Faculty Motivation. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) After a Half-Century in Music, Still Hunting for Hits. New York Times C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Margolis 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Weaver 2013; Ball 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Atencia and Beebe 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Griffith et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationEur. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1612-4669
ISSN (online)1612-4677
Plant Science

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