How to format your references using the European Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zieminska D (2015) High-energy physics: Proton smasher spots rare particle decays. Nature 522:42–43
A journal article with 2 authors
Moritz C, Agudo R (2013) The future of species under climate change: resilience or decline? Science 341:504–508
A journal article with 3 authors
Waterhouse PM, Wang MB, Lough T (2001) Gene silencing as an adaptive defence against viruses. Nature 411:834–842
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hong BH, Bae SC, Lee CW, et al (2001) Ultrathin single-crystalline silver nanowire arrays formed in an ambient solution phase. Science 294:348–351

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes E (2012) Atlas of Developmental Field Anomalies of the Human Skeleton. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chawla N (2013) Metal Matrix Composites, 2nd ed. 2013. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Imura K, Okamoto H (2011) Near-Field Optical Imaging of Wavefunctions and Optical Fields in Plasmonic Nanostructures. In: Ohtsu M (ed) Progress in Nanophotonics 1. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 127–160

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Protein That Can Edit Other Proteins Without DNA Blueprint Discovered. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/protein-directs-protein-synthesis-without-dna-blueprint/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Air Traffic Control: FAA Should Define the Optimal Advanced Automation System Alternative. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swann E (2014) Adult learning for healthy aging: An investigation of health literacy and technology use in older adults. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2016) Anchor Illuminates Fox Inquiry of Ailes. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zieminska 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Moritz and Agudo 2013; Zieminska 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moritz and Agudo 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hong et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationEur. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1612-4669
ISSN (online)1612-4677
ScopeForestry
Plant Science

Other styles