How to format your references using the European Journal of Forest Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Forest Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morgenstern M (2010) Physics. STM ready for the time domain. Science 329:1609–1610
A journal article with 2 authors
Fox RC, Scott CS (2005) First evidence of a venom delivery apparatus in extinct mammals. Nature 435:1091–1093
A journal article with 3 authors
Mendell JT, ap Rhys CMJ, Dietz HC (2002) Separable roles for rent1/hUpf1 in altered splicing and decay of nonsense transcripts. Science 298:419–422
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yoon JW, Lee JH, Song SH, Magnusson R (2014) Unified theory of surface-plasmonic enhancement and extinction of light transmission through metallic nanoslit arrays. Sci Rep 4:5683

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kar P (2013) Doping in Conjugated Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Tromeur-Dervout D, Brenner G, Emerson DR, Erhel J (eds) (2010) Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics 2008: Parallel Numerical Methods, Software Development and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ostafin BD (2015) Taming the Wild Elephant: Mindfulness and Its Role in Overcoming Automatic Mental Processes. In: Ostafin BD, Robinson MD, Meier BP (eds) Handbook of Mindfulness and Self-Regulation. Springer, New York, NY, pp 47–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Forest Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) Martian Valleys May Have Been Formed By Ice, Not Water. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Protest of Army Contract Award for ADP Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wosu UL (2017) Geochemical Analysis of Late Pleistocene Sediments from Fossil Lake, Northern Lake County, Oregon. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Witz B (2016) Judge Dismisses Familia’s Criminal Case. New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morgenstern 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Fox and Scott 2005; Morgenstern 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fox and Scott 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoon et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Forest Research
AbbreviationEur. J. For. Res.
ISSN (print)1612-4669
ISSN (online)1612-4677
Plant Science

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