How to format your references using the Journal of Network and Systems Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Network and Systems Management (J Netw Syst Manage). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Skotheim, J.M.: Cell signaling. To divide or not to divide. Science. 324, 476–477 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Medford, J.I., Prasad, A.: Plant Science. Plant synthetic biology takes root. Science. 346, 162–163 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Shankar, N., Baghdayan, A.S., Gilmore, M.S.: Modulation of virulence within a pathogenicity island in vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis. Nature. 417, 746–750 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Artzy-Randrup, Y., Fleishman, S.J., Ben-Tal, N., Stone, L.: Comment on “Network motifs: simple building blocks of complex networks” and “Superfamilies of evolved and designed networks.” Science. 305, 1107; author reply 1107 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rizzi, T.E., Valenciano, A., Bowles, M., Cowell, R., Tyler, R., DeNicola, D.B.: Atlas of Canine and Feline Urinalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2017)
An edited book
Hvoslef-Eide, A.K., Preil, W. eds: Liquid Culture Systems for in vitro Plant Propagation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Toranzo, C.S., Errecalde, M., Ferretti, E.: On the Use of Agreement Technologies for Multi-criteria Decision Making within a BDI Agent. In: Bazzan, A.L.C. and Pichara, K. (eds.) Advances in Artificial Intelligence -- IBERAMIA 2014: 14th Ibero-American Conference on AI, Santiago de Chile, Chile, November 24-27, 2014, Proceedings. pp. 54–65. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Network and Systems Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Girl Born With Twin Fetuses In Her Abdomen


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Electronic Government: Performance Measures for Projects Aimed at Promoting Innovation and Transparency Can Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2011)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jahan, M.: A policy to protect hoarders: An analysis of Fair Housing Amendments Act, 1988, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J.: Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Network and Systems Management
AbbreviationJ. Netw. Syst. Manag.
ISSN (print)1064-7570
ISSN (online)1573-7705
ScopeStrategy and Management
Computer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

Other styles