How to format your references using the Journal of Network and Systems Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Network and Systems Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Geisbert, T.W.: Medical research: Ebola therapy protects severely ill monkeys. Nature. 514, 41–43 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Tanaka, K.D., Ueda, K.: Horsfield’s hawk-cuckoo nestlings simulate multiple gapes for begging. Science. 308, 653 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Banerjee, P., Pollitz, F.F., Bürgmann, R.: The size and duration of the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake from far-field static offsets. Science. 308, 1769–1772 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakazato, M., Murakami, N., Date, Y., Kojima, M., Matsuo, H., Kangawa, K., Matsukura, S.: A role for ghrelin in the central regulation of feeding. Nature. 409, 194–198 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Antonucci, D.: The Cyber Risk Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2017)
An edited book
Nickel, N.H., Terukov, E. eds: Zinc Oxide — A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
He, M., Lu, T.-M.: Al-Dielectric Interfaces. In: Lu, T.-M. (ed.) Metal-Dielectric Interfaces in Gigascale Electronics: Thermal and Electrical Stability. pp. 45–55. Springer, New York, NY (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Network and Systems Management.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: The Understandable Fear Of Nuclear Weapons Doesn’t Match Reality,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Examination into the Increase in Cost of the Lunar-Roving Vehicles Being Manufactured by the Boeing Company. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1971)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klein, K.A.: Vocabulary acquisition via cross-situational learning, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: Alchemists Needed for Mets’ Golden Anniversary, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Network and Systems Management
AbbreviationJ. Netw. Syst. Manag.
ISSN (print)1064-7570
ISSN (online)1573-7705
ScopeStrategy and Management
Computer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

Other styles