How to format your references using the Journal of Network and Systems Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Network and Systems Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleiner, K.: The shipping forecast. Nature. 449, 272–273 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hannonen, M., Sundström, L.: Sociobiology: Worker nepotism among polygynous ants. Nature. 421, 910 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Martin, A.A., Toth, M., Aharonovich, I.: Subtractive 3D printing of optically active diamond structures. Sci. Rep. 4, 5022 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Morth, J.P., Pedersen, B.P., Toustrup-Jensen, M.S., Sørensen, T.L.-M., Petersen, J., Andersen, J.P., Vilsen, B., Nissen, P.: Crystal structure of the sodium-potassium pump. Nature. 450, 1043–1049 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gleeson, K.: The Personal Efficiency Program. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2008)
An edited book
Reichl, P., Stiller, B., Tuffin, B. eds: Network Economics for Next Generation Networks: 6th International Workshop on Internet Charging and Qos Technologies, ICQT 2009, Aachen, Germany, May 11-15, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Guang, X., Zhang, Z.: Random Linear Network Error Correction Coding. In: Zhang, Z. (ed.) Linear Network Error Correction Coding. pp. 85–94. Springer, New York, NY (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Network and Systems Management.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: British Red Squirrels Are Suffering From An Outbreak Of Medieval Leprosy,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Business Modernization: Disciplined Processes Needed to Better Manage NASA’s Integrated Financial Management Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2003)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diorio, C.A.: The silent scream of Medusa: Restoring, or re-storying, her voice, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S.M.: At an 85-Year-Old Summer Retreat, a Makeover, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Network and Systems Management
AbbreviationJ. Netw. Syst. Manag.
ISSN (print)1064-7570
ISSN (online)1573-7705
ScopeStrategy and Management
Computer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

Other styles