How to format your references using the Journal of Network and Systems Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Network and Systems Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Williams, Q.: Geophysics. Deep mantle matters. Science. 344, 800–801 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kourtzi, Z., Kanwisher, N.: Representation of perceived object shape by the human lateral occipital complex. Science. 293, 1506–1509 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginsburg, G.S., Angrist, M., Cook-Deegan, R.: Public health. Genomics and medicine at a crossroads in Chernobyl. Science. 314, 62–63 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aizenberg, J., Tkachenko, A., Weiner, S., Addadi, L., Hendler, G.: Calcitic microlenses as part of the photoreceptor system in brittlestars. Nature. 412, 819–822 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voigtman, E.: Limits of Detection in Chemical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey (2017)
An edited book
Taillefer, M., Ma, D. eds: Amination and Formation of sp2 C-N Bonds. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Cendón, B., Herrero, J., Agüero, R., Rodríguez, A., Albillos, S., Sainz, J., Sanz, A., Gómez, D.: An Access Selection Prototype Based on IEEE 802.21. In: Chatzimisios, P., Verikoukis, C., Santamaría, I., Laddomada, M., and Hoffmann, O. (eds.) Mobile Lightweight Wireless Systems: Second International ICST Conference, MOBILIGHT 2010, Barcelona, Spain, May 10-12, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. pp. 31–42. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Network and Systems Management.

Blog post
Evans, K.: Pigeons Can Depose A Leader By Staging A Coup


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: The Air Force Can Improve Its Maintenance Information Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1983)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Primeaux, S.J.: The Role of Education, Empathy, and Psychological Flexibility in Implicit and Explicit Mental Health Stigma, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: A Woman’s Fortune, and Her Ruin, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Network and Systems Management
AbbreviationJ. Netw. Syst. Manag.
ISSN (print)1064-7570
ISSN (online)1573-7705
ScopeStrategy and Management
Computer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

Other styles