How to format your references using the Journal of Network and Systems Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Network and Systems Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Koen, D.: Nuts and bolts: career journals. Nature. 427, 180 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Coussens, L.M., Werb, Z.: Inflammation and cancer. Nature. 420, 860–867 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Giulini, A., Wang, J., Jackson, D.: Control of phyllotaxy by the cytokinin-inducible response regulator homologue ABPHYL1. Nature. 430, 1031–1034 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
de Jonge, N., Lamy, Y., Schoots, K., Oosterkamp, T.H.: High brightness electron beam from a multi-walled carbon nanotube. Nature. 420, 393–395 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Yan, W.: Crop Variety Trials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
1.
Agosti, M., Borbinha, J., Kapidakis, S., Papatheodorou, C., Tsakonas, G. eds: Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: 13th European Conference, ECDL 2009, Corfu, Greece, September 27 - October 2, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Duckham, M., Kulik, L., Birtley, A.: A Spatiotemporal Model of Strategies and Counter Strategies for Location Privacy Protection. In: Raubal, M., Miller, H.J., Frank, A.U., and Goodchild, M.F. (eds.) Geographic Information Science: 4th International Conference, GIScience 2006, Münster, Germany, September 20-23, 2006. Proceedings. pp. 47–64. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Network and Systems Management.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton, K.: Getting Serious About Funny: Psychologists See Humor As A Character Strength, https://www.iflscience.com/brain/getting-serious-about-funny-psychologists-see-humor-as-a-character-strength/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Social Security Numbers: SSNs Are Widely Used by Government and Could Be Better Protected. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2002)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ehigiator, O.J.: A Closed Loop Control System for Pressure and Flow Detection Using a Vibrating String Transducer, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky, S.: Bolshoi Official Raises Attack Questions, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Network and Systems Management
AbbreviationJ. Netw. Syst. Manag.
ISSN (print)1064-7570
ISSN (online)1573-7705
ScopeStrategy and Management
Computer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

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