How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Water Engineering and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Water Engineering and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joiner S. 2000. OPTICS: The Internet of Tomorrow. Science. 290:1907–1908.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stone R, Jasny B. 2013. Communication in science pressures and predators. Scientific discourse: buckling at the seams. Introduction. Science. 342:56–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heuberger M, Zäch M, Spencer ND. 2001. Density fluctuations under confinement: when is a fluid not a fluid? Science. 292:905–908.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Evans DR, Tayati P, An H, Lam PK, Craig VSJ, Senden TJ. 2014. Laser actuation of cantilevers for picometre amplitude dynamic force microscopy. Sci Rep. 4:5567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazovsky LG, Cheng N, Shaw W-T, Gutierrez D, Wong S-W. 2011. Broadband Optical Access Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fujii S, editor. 2015. Beyond Global Capitalism. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Berghmans F, Eve S, Held M. 2008. An Introduction to Reliability of Optical Components and Fiber Optic Sensors. In: Bock WJ, Gannot I, Tanev S, editors. Optical Waveguide Sensing and Imaging. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; p. 73–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Water Engineering and Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Is The Solid Crust In North America Really So Stable? IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Ulysses Mission to the Sun. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moncur HB. 2014. Exploring primary caregivers’ perceptions of the effects of secondhand marijuana smoke on children: A quantitative study [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. 2014. Friday File. New York Times.:C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Joiner 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Joiner 2000; Stone & Jasny 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stone & Jasny 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Evans et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Water Engineering and Research
ISSN (online)2324-9676

Other styles