How to format your references using the Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spoor, F.: Palaeoanthropology: The middle Pliocene gets crowded. Nature. 521, 432–433 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Szolnoki, A., Perc, M.: Defection and extortion as unexpected catalysts of unconditional cooperation in structured populations. Sci. Rep. 4, 5496 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Reinisch, K.M., Nibert, M.L., Harrison, S.C.: Structure of the reovirus core at 3.6 A resolution. Nature. 404, 960–967 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lopert, A., Rijavec, M., Zavbi, M., Korošec, P., Fležar, M.: Asthma treatment outcome in adults is associated with rs9910408 in TBX21 gene. Sci. Rep. 3, 2915 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cumming, D.: Private Equity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
Coyne, G.V.: A Comprehensible Universe: The Interplay of Science and Theology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Truong, K.N., Patel, S.N., Summet, J.W., Abowd, G.D.: Preventing Camera Recording by Designing a Capture-Resistant Environment. In: Beigl, M., Intille, S., Rekimoto, J., and Tokuda, H. (eds.) UbiComp 2005: Ubiquitous Computing: 7th International Conference, UbiComp 2005, Tokyo, Japan, September 11-14, 2005. Proceedings. pp. 73–86. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Hubble Snaps Incredible Photos of Nearby Comet,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: [Comments on FAA Employee’s Claim for Backpay]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aguirre, B.L.: The rise in pharmaceutical drug abuse among American adolescents, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B.: Corzine and Regulators Settle in MF Global Case, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanostructure in Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Nanostructure Chem.
ISSN (print)2008-9244
ISSN (online)2193-8865

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