How to format your references using the Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P.: Let’s catch some rays. Nature. 419, 12–14 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Reichenbach, A., Pannicke, T.: Neuroscience. A new glance at glia. Science. 322, 693–694 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Brad Adams, J., Mann, M.E., Ammann, C.M.: Proxy evidence for an El Niño-like response to volcanic forcing. Nature. 426, 274–278 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, Y.S., Yu, G.L., Li, R.H., Song, L.R., Jiang, H.X., Riding, R., Liu, L.J., Liu, D.Y., Zhao, R.: Cyanobacterial fossils from 252 Ma old microbialites and their environmental significance. Sci. Rep. 4, 3820 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A.: Fracture Mechanics 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA (2012)
An edited book
Kouvatsos, D.D. ed: Network Performance Engineering: A Handbook on Convergent Multi-Service Networks and Next Generation Internet. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Iovino, V., Persiano, G.: Hidden-Vector Encryption with Groups of Prime Order. In: Galbraith, S.D. and Paterson, K.G. (eds.) Pairing-Based Cryptography – Pairing 2008: Second International Conference, Egham, UK, September 1-3, 2008. Proceedings. pp. 75–88. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Researchers Identify Origin of Violent Gamma-Ray Outbursts,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Response to Specific Questions on the Indian Point Probabilistic Safety Study. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1983)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duncan, K.F.: Middle school teachers’ self-perceptions of response to intervention, (2016)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J.: Crawl Space: Terror: Available Now In Three New Styles, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanostructure in Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Nanostructure Chem.
ISSN (print)2008-9244
ISSN (online)2193-8865

Other styles