How to format your references using the European Journal of Medical Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Medical Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneider, W.H., 2013. Philanthropy: the difficult art of giving. Nature 497, 311–312.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, N., Jinks-Robertson, S., 2009. dUTP incorporation into genomic DNA is linked to transcription in yeast. Nature 459, 1150–1153.
A journal article with 3 authors
Benham-Pyle, B.W., Pruitt, B.L., Nelson, W.J., 2015. Cell adhesion. Mechanical strain induces E-cadherin-dependent Yap1 and β-catenin activation to drive cell cycle entry. Science 348, 1024–1027.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Demarest, S.J., Martinez-Yamout, M., Chung, J., Chen, H., Xu, W., Dyson, H.J., Evans, R.M., Wright, P.E., 2002. Mutual synergistic folding in recruitment of CBP/p300 by p160 nuclear receptor coactivators. Nature 415, 549–553.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khoei, A.R., 2014. Extended Finite Element Method. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Elen, J., Stahl, E., Bromme, R., Clarebout, G. (Eds.), 2011. Links Between Beliefs and Cognitive Flexibility: Lessons Learned. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Uppoor, R.S., Vaidyanathan, J., Mehta, M., Yu, L.X., 2014. Biowaiver and Biopharmaceutics Classification System, in: Yu, L.X., Li, B.V. (Eds.), FDA Bioequivalence Standards, AAPS Advances in the Pharmaceutical Sciences Series. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 119–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Medical Genetics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Scientists Turn Blood Cells Into Neurons [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Telecommunications: GSA Faces Challenges in Planning for New Governmentwide Program (No. GAO-04-486T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beeler, M.C., 2010. Disordered Ultracold Two-Dimensional Bose Gases (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. Hall Quits ‘Today’ and NBC With Kelly Waiting Offstage. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schneider, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kim and Jinks-Robertson, 2009; Schneider, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Jinks-Robertson, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Demarest et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Medical Genetics
AbbreviationEur. J. Med. Genet.
ISSN (print)1769-7212
General Medicine

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