How to format your references using the European Journal of Medical Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Medical Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laughlin, G., 2015. Astronomy: A Mars-sized exoplanet. Nature 522, 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sincich, L.C., Horton, J.C., 2002. Divided by cytochrome oxidase: a map of the projections from V1 to V2 in macaques. Science 295, 1734–1737.
A journal article with 3 authors
Villar, G., Graham, A.D., Bayley, H., 2013. A tissue-like printed material. Science 340, 48–52.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fagiolini, M., Fritschy, J.-M., Löw, K., Möhler, H., Rudolph, U., Hensch, T.K., 2004. Specific GABAA circuits for visual cortical plasticity. Science 303, 1681–1683.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopp, V., 2000. Grundlagen der Life Sciences. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Jeong, H.Y., S. Obaidat, M., Yen, N.Y., Park, J.J. (jong H. (Eds.), 2014. Advances in Computer Science and its Applications: CSA 2013, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Genz, A., Bretz, F., 2009. Further Topics, in: Bretz, F. (Ed.), Computation of Multivariate Normal and t Probabilities, Lecture Notes in Statistics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 55–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Medical Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Penta-Graphene Is Latest Structural Arrangement of Carbon [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. The Treasury Department and Its Bureaus Can Better Plan for and Control Computer Resources (No. GGD-82-9). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guarin, Y., 2017. A Postpartum Support Group for Women Experiencing Postpartum Depression: A Grant Proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pols, M., 2015. Down East Downers. New York Times BR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laughlin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Laughlin, 2015; Sincich and Horton, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sincich and Horton, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Fagiolini et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Medical Genetics
AbbreviationEur. J. Med. Genet.
ISSN (print)1769-7212
General Medicine

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