How to format your references using the European Journal of Medical Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Medical Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cheung, F., 2011. TCM: Made in China. Nature 480, S82-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Osborn, T.J., Briffa, K.R., 2004. Climate. The real color of climate change? Science 306, 621–622.
A journal article with 3 authors
Williams-Guillén, K., Perfecto, I., Vandermeer, J., 2008. Bats limit insects in a neotropical agroforestry system. Science 320, 70.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ishii, K., Ogiyama, Y., Chikashige, Y., Soejima, S., Masuda, F., Kakuma, T., Hiraoka, Y., Takahashi, K., 2008. Heterochromatin integrity affects chromosome reorganization after centromere dysfunction. Science 321, 1088–1091.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willis, D.O., 2013. Business Basics for Dentists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Ralyté, J., España, S., Pastor, Ó. (Eds.), 2015. The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 8th IFIP WG 8.1. Working Conference, PoEM 2015, Valencia, Spain, November 10-12, 2015, Proceedings, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Miclaus, G.D., Ples, H., 2014. Abdominal Angiography, in: Ples, H. (Ed.), Atlas of CT Angiography: Normal and Pathologic Findings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 131–157.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Medical Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. New Study Sheds Light On The Origin Of Dolphins [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. [Department of the Interior: Migratory Bird Hunting Final Rule] (No. OGC-96-48). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramakrishnan, T., 2017. Rehabilitating Asymmetric Gait Using Asymmetry (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Obama Is President, but Football Is King. New York Times B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cheung, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cheung, 2011; Osborn and Briffa, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Osborn and Briffa, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Ishii et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Medical Genetics
AbbreviationEur. J. Med. Genet.
ISSN (print)1769-7212
General Medicine

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