How to format your references using the European Journal of Medical Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Medical Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Broecker, W.S., 2003. Does the trigger for abrupt climate change reside in the ocean or in the atmosphere? Science 300, 1519–1522.
A journal article with 2 authors
DiNardo, S., Braun, R.E., 2007. Developmental biology. Home for the precious few. Science 317, 1696–1697.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, S.H., Oe, T., Blair, I.A., 2001. Vitamin C-induced decomposition of lipid hydroperoxides to endogenous genotoxins. Science 292, 2083–2086.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Willingham, A.T., Orth, A.P., Batalov, S., Peters, E.C., Wen, B.G., Aza-Blanc, P., Hogenesch, J.B., Schultz, P.G., 2005. A strategy for probing the function of noncoding RNAs finds a repressor of NFAT. Science 309, 1570–1573.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben Mahmoud, M.S., Guerber, C., Larrieu, N., Pirovano, A., Radzik, J., 2014. Aeronautical Air-Ground Data Link Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Piergiovanni, L., 2016. Food Packaging Materials, SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, C., Gong, Z., 2014. Elements of Optimal Control Theory, in: Gong, Z. (Ed.), Optimal Control of Switched Systems Arising in Fermentation Processes, Springer Optimization and Its Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Medical Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Could a supernova be visible from Earth in the next 50 years? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Airport Finance: Observations on Planned Airport Development Costs and Funding Levels and the Administration’s Proposed Changes in the Airport Improvement Program (No. GAO-07-885). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meyer, M.A., 2014. Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of the Mediterranean Mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2014. Encore, for the Curlers and Their Pants. New York Times B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Rees, 2014; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DiNardo and Braun, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Jonkheijm et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Medical Genetics
AbbreviationEur. J. Med. Genet.
ISSN (print)1769-7212
General Medicine

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