How to format your references using the Journal of Nanobiotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Nanobiotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sette A. Tools of the trade in vaccine design. Science. 2000;290:2074b–5b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Roman J, Palumbi SR. Whales before whaling in the North Atlantic. Science. 2003;301:508–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wilson RI, Turner GC, Laurent G. Transformation of olfactory representations in the Drosophila antennal lobe. Science. 2004;303:366–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yu J, Sadhukhan S, Noriega LG, Moullan N, He B, Weiss RS, et al. Metabolic characterization of a Sirt5 deficient mouse model. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hanby M. No God, No Science? Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Vöcking B, editor. Algorithmic Game Theory: 6th International Symposium, SAGT 2013, Aachen, Germany, October 21-23, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Özkaya N, Nordin M, Goldsheyder D, Leger D. Statics: Systems in Equilibrium. In: Nordin M, Goldsheyder D, Leger D, editors. Fundamentals of Biomechanics: Equilibrium, Motion, and Deformation. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 35–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Nanobiotechnology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Engineer First Bone Marrow-On-A-Chip. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Research Grants: Maintaining Public Accountability Without Inhibiting Creative Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Apr. Report No.: 094378.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Horn SW. Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics of Accusative-Quotative Constructions in Japanese [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shear MD, Stolberg SG. Senator Goes From Trump Target to Cheerleader as Some in G.O.P. Bolt. New York Times. 2017 Oct 26;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Nanobiotechnology
AbbreviationJ. Nanobiotechnology
ISSN (online)1477-3155
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Bioengineering
Biomedical Engineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Pharmaceutical Science

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